Panama

Print
Buglere
[sab] Veraguas province: from highlands to Caribbean coast; Ngobe Bugle province: Kusapin, Muna, and Nurum districts. Population: 18,000 (2012 SIL). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Bobota, Bofota, Bugle, Muoy, Murire, Nortenyo. Autonym: Buglere. Dialects: Sabanero (Veraguas Sabanero), Bokotá (Bocota, Bogota, Bukueta). Classification: Chibchan, Chibchan A, Guaymiíc.

More Information

Chinese, Hakka
[hak] Panamá province: Salsipuedes, a suburb of Panama City. Population: 27,000 in Panama (2017 JoshuaProject). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese.

More Information

Emberá, Northern
[emp] Darién province: Chepigana district; Emberá province; Panamá province: Chepos and Chiman districts; lowland jungle along rivers, Gulf San Miguel area. Population: 22,500 in Panama (2012 SIL). Total users in all countries: 72,200. Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Atrato, Chocó, Cholo, Darien, Darien Emberá, Ebera Bedea, Empera, Panama Embera. Autonym: Embera. Dialects: Related languages in order of closeness: Emberá-Catíoc[cto], Emberá-Baudó [bdc], Emberá-Tadó [tdc], Epena [sja], Emberá-Chamí [cmi], and Wounmeu [noa]. Panama and Colombia dialects are inherently intelligible. Northern Embera of the Upper Baudó area and downriver Emberá-Baudó are inherently intelligible. Classification: Chocoan, Emberá, Northern Emberá.

More Information

Emberá-Catío
[cto] Darién province. Population: 40 in Panama (1982 SIL). Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Catío, Embena, Epera, Katio. Classification: Chocoan, Emberá, Northern Emberá.

More Information

Epena
[sja] Panamá province: southeast low hills inland. Population: Status: 5* (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Cholo, Embera, Emberá-Saija, Epena Saija, Epéna Pedée, Saija, Southern Empera, Southern Epena. Dialects: Basurudo. Classification: Chocoan, Emberá, Southern Emberá.

More Information

Kuna, Border
[kvn] Darién province: Paya and Pucuro villages. Population: 900 in Panama (2012 SIL). Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Caiman Nuevo, Colombia Cuna, Cuna, Guna, Kuna de la Frontera, Long Hair Cuna, Paya-Pucuro Kuna. Classification: Chibchan, Chibchan B, Eastern Chibchan, Cuna.

More Information

Kuna, San Blas
[cuk] Colón province: Guna Yala comarca, Metro Colón; Darién province; Emberá and Kuna Yala provinces; Panamá province: Metro Panama City. Population: 57,100 (2000). 10,000 in Panama City, Colón, and on banana plantations (1991 SIL). Ethnic population: 80,500 (2011 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Recognized language (2010, Law 88, 22 November 2010). Alternate Names: Cuna, Guna, San Blas Cuna, Tule Kaya. Autonym: Duleigaiya. Dialects: Bayano (Alto Bayano, Maje). Classification: Chibchan, Chibchan B, Eastern Chibchan, Cuna.

More Information

Ngäbere
[gym] Bocas del Toro province: Bocas del Toro and Changuinola districts; Chiriquí province: western districts, Tole district in east; Ngobe Bugle province; western Veraguas province. Population: 169,000 in Panama (2000 census). Total users in all countries: 171,840. Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Chiriqui, Guaymí, Ngobere, Ngäbe, Valiente. Autonym: Ngäbere. Dialects: Valiente, Eastern Guaymí (Chiriquí, Tolé). Classification: Chibchan, Chibchan A, Guaymiíc.

More Information

Panamanian Creole English
[jam] Bocas del Toro province: Colón island; Colón province: Colón district; Panamá province: Rio Abajo in Panama City. Population: 268,000 in Panama (2000). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Guari Guari, Patois, Southwestern Caribbean Creole English. Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Western.

More Information

Panamanian Sign Language
[lsp] Scattered. Population: Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Lengua de señas panameñas. Classification: Sign language.

More Information

San Miguel Creole French
[scf] Veraguas province. Population: No known L1 speakers. Last known speakers most likely survived into the late 2000s. Status: 10 (Extinct). Classification: Creole, French based.

More Information

Spanish
[spa] Widespread. Population: 3,982,000 in Panama, all users. L1 users: 3,650,000 in Panama (Instituto Cervantes 2017). L2 users: 332,000 (Instituto Cervantes 2017). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1972, Constitution, Article 7). Alternate Names: Castellano, Español. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian.

More Information

Teribe
[tfr] Bocas del Toro province: Changuinola city, along the Teribe river; Chiriquí. Population: 3,300 in Panama (Adelaar 2007). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Nortenyo, Quequexque, Terraba, Tiribi, Tirribi. Autonym: Naso. Classification: Chibchan, Chibchan A.

More Information

Woun Meu
[noa] Darién, Emberá, and Panamá provinces: southeast lowlands along Panama Bay. Population: 6,800 in Panama (Adelaar 2007). Many monolinguals (Adelaar 2007). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Chanco, Chocama, Noanama, Noenama, Nonama, Waumeo, Waun Meo, Waunana, Woun Meo, Wounaan, Wounaan Meu, Wounmeu. Classification: Chocoan.

More Information

Yiddish, Eastern
[ydd] Major cities. Population: Status: 5* (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, Yiddish.

More Information

Page Views Left: