Sweden

Print
Finnish
[fin] 201,000 in Sweden (Parkvall 2009). All speakers, apart from 3,000 Ingrians originating in Russia, are either modern-day immigrants from Finland or their children. Swedish-speaking immigrants from Finland are not included in the figure. Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in administrative area municipalities located in at least part of the following counties: Jämtland, Norrbotten, Stockholm, Uppsala, Västerbotten (2009, NMNML Act No. 724, Article 6). Alternate Names: Finska, Suomi Classification: Uralic, Finnic Comments: Christian.

More Information

Finnish, Tornedalen
[fit] Northeast, Norrbotten County, Gällivare, Kiruna, Pajala, Övertorneå, and Haparanda municipalities. Also in Finland. 30,000 in Sweden (Parkvall 2009). Population total all countries: 60,000. Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in administrative area municipalities: Gällivare, Haparanda, Kiruna, Pajala, Övertoneå (2009, NMNML Act No. 724, Art, 6). Alternate Names: Meänkieli, North Finnish, Torne Valley Finnish, Tornedalsfinska Dialects: Gällivare Finnish, Torne Valley Finnish, Vittangi Finnish. Finnish [fin] not totally intelligible to speakers, especially abstract and complex discourse. Classification: Uralic, Finnic Comments: Some speakers refer to it as Finnish. Influences from Swedish [swe]. Finnish speakers settled here 12th century. Christian.

More Information

Romani, Kalo Finnish
[rmf] 1,650 in Sweden (Parkvall 2009). Ethnic population: 3,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Fíntika Rómma, Kalé Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Northern Comments: Christian.

More Information

Romani, Tavringer
[rmu] Scattered. No known L1 speakers. Status: 9 (Dormant). Alternate Names: Resande Romani, Rommani, Svensk Rommani, Traveller Swedish Dialects: Independent language based on Swedish [swe] with heavy lexical borrowing from Northern Romani varieties. Not intelligible of Angloromani [rme]. Classification: Mixed language, Swedish-Romani Comments: Arrived in Sweden via Denmark in 1512.

More Information

Romani, Vlax
[rmy] 10,500 in Sweden (Parkvall 2009). 500 Kalderash, 1,000 Lovari. Status: 5 (Developing). Language of recognized nationality (2009, Language Act No. 600, Article 7). Alternate Names: “Zigenare” (pej.) Dialects: Arli, Gurbet, Kalderash, Lovari, Machvano, Sinto. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Vlax Comments: Christian.

More Information

Saami, Lule
[smj] Lapland, Gällivare and Jokkmokk, along Lule river. Also in Norway. 1,500 in Sweden (Krauss 1992). 1,000–2,000 speakers in Norway and Sweden (Salminen 2007). Population total all countries: 2,000. Ethnic population: 6,000. Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in administrative area municipalities located in at least part of the following counties: Dalarna, Jämtland, Norrbotten, Västerbotten (2009, NMNML Act No. 724, Article 6). Alternate Names: “Lapp” (pej.), Lule, Saami Dialects: Quite distinct from other Saami. Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Northern Comments: Ethnic autonym: Saami.

More Information

Saami, North
[sme] Kiruna, Gällivare, Jokkmokk, Arjeplog, Arvidsjaur, Karesuando and Jukkasjärvi. 4,000 in Sweden (Krauss 1992). Ethnic population: 5,000 in Sweden (1994 SIL). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in administrative area municipalities located in at least part of the following counties: Dalarna, Jämtland, Norrbotten, Västerbotten (2009, NMNML Act No. 724, Article 6). Alternate Names: “Lapp” (pej.), Northern Lappish, Northern Saami, Norwegian Saami, Saame, Same, Samic Dialects: Torne. Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Northern

More Information

Saami, Pite
[sje] Lapland, Arjeplog and Arvidsjaur, along Pite river. Also in Norway. 20 in Sweden (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 2,000 (1995 M. Krauss). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Language of recognized nationality (1999, Sami Language Use Act, No. 1175). Alternate Names: Arjeplog Saami, “Lapp” (pej.), Pite, Saami Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Northern Comments: Pite Saami very distinct.

More Information

Saami, South
[sma] Lapland; Dalarna, Jämtland, and Härjedalen. Also in Norway. 300 in Sweden (Krauss 1992). Population total all countries: 600. Ethnic population: 600. Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in administrative area municipalities located in at least part of the following counties: Dalarna, Jämtland, Norrbotten, Västerbotten (2009, NMNML Act No. 724, Article 6). Alternate Names: “Lapp” (pej.), Southern Lapp Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Southern

More Information

Saami, Ume
[sju] Lycksele, Malå, Tärna, and Sorsele, along Ume river. 20 (2000 T. Salminen). No speakers in Norway (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 1,000 (1995 M. Krauss). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: “Lapp” (pej.), Saami, Ume Classification: Uralic, Sami, Southern

More Information

Swedish
[swe] Göta dialect: south, including parts of Småland, Värmland, Västergötland, parts of Östergötland, Bohuslän and Dalsland; Svea dialect: central, including Västmanland, Södermanland, Gästrikland, Dalarna, south Hälsingland, parts of Östergötland and Uppland; Southern Swedish: Skåne, Blekinge, south Småland, south Halland; Northern Swedish: north Hälsingland and north; Jamska: mainly Jämtland; Eastern Swedish: Finland, Estonia, and Gammalsvenskby, Ukraine; Gutniska: Isle of Gotland and Fårö. Also in Canada, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Norway, United States. 8,000,000 in Sweden (Parkvall 2009). 5,000 speakers of Gutniska (1998 S. Håkansson), and 30,000 of Jamska. Population total all countries: 8,381,829. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2009, Language Act. No. 600, Articles 4,5,6). Alternate Names: Ruotsi, Svenska Dialects: Dalecarlian, Eastern Swedish (Estonian Swedish, Finland Swedish), Gutniska (Gotlandic, Gutamal, Gutnic), Jamska, Northern Swedish (Norrland), Southern Swedish (Scanian, Skåne), Svea. Standard Swedish considered spoken in Svealand. Dialect investigation needed in Gutniska, Överkalixmål, Närpes, Pitemål, provinces around the Bothnic Sea (Norbotten in Sweden and Österbotten in Finland), and the island of Gotland. Gutniska descended from Forngutniska (Old Gotlandic). Dalecarlian spoken in northern Dalarna Province by about 10,000 speakers. Many would actually consider this variety a language in its own right, with its own literary standard and features that are markedly different from standard Swedish. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, North, East Scandinavian, Danish-Swedish, Swedish

More Information

Swedish Sign Language
[swl] There are about 30,000 Swedish sign language users (2012 Sveriges Dövas Riksförbund). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (2009, Languages Act, Article 9). Dialects: No origins from other sign languages, but it influenced Portuguese [psr] and Finnish [fse] sign languages. Partly intelligible with Norwegian [nsl], Danish [dsl], and Finnish [fse] sign languages. Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: The Language Law of 2009 officially recognizes Swedish Sign Language in a way similar to the earlier recognition of the five national minority languages, with an obligation to protect and promote it.

More Information

Yiddish, Eastern
[ydd] 4,000 in Sweden (2000). Status: 4 (Educational). Language of recognized nationality (2009, Language Act No. 600, Article 7). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, Yiddish

More Information