Slovakia

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Croatian
[hrv] Bratislavsku region: Cunovo, Chorvatsky Grob, Devinska Nova Ves, Jarovice. 1,230 (2013 UNSD). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Hrvatski, Serbo-Croatian. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western. Comments: Non-indigenous. Christian.

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Czech
[ces] Widespread. 2,585,200 in Slovakia, all users. L1 users: 35,200 (2013 UNSD). L2 users: 2,550,000 (European Commission 2012). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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German, Standard
[deu] Bratislavsku and Kosicku (Kosice city) regions. 1,195,190 in Slovakia, all users. L1 users: 5,190 (2013 UNSD). L2 users: 1,190,000 (European Commission 2012). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Deutsch, Nemec. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, East Middle German. Comments: Non-indigenous. Christian.

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Hungarian
[hun] Banskobystricku, Bratislavsku, Kosicku, Nitriansky, and Trnavsku regions; mainly near southern border. 509,000 (2013 UNSD). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in southeast, south (1999, National Minority Language Use Act, Article 2). Alternate Names: Maďarský, Magyar. Classification: Uralic.

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Polish
[pol] Zilinsku region: border area north of Zilina. 3,120 (2013 UNSD). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Lechitic. Comments: Christian.

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Romani, Carpathian
[rmc] Banskobystricku region: Brezno, Krupina, and Rimavská Sobota districts; Kosicku region: Krompachy area (East Slovak Romani dialect); Nitriansky region: Šaľa district; Presovsku region: Bardejov district; Trnavsku region: Senica district (West Slovak Romani dialect). 123,000 (2013 UNSD). Total users in all countries: 157,110. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bashaldo, Central Romani, Hungarian-Slovak Romani, Karpacki Roma, Sárvika Romá, Ungrike Romá. Autonym: Romanes. Dialects: Moravian Romani, East Slovak Romani (Servika Romani), West Slovak Romani, Romungro. A member of macrolanguage Romany [rom]. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Northern. Comments: Non-indigenous. Christian.

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Romani, Vlax
[rmy] Scattered. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Rom. Dialects: Lovari, Kalderash (Kaldarári), Slovak Bougesti. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Vlax. Comments: Non-indigenous. Christian.

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Rusyn
[rue] Presovsku region: far northeast corner. 55,500 (2013 UNSD). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Carpathian, Carpatho-Rusyn, Rusinskiy yazyk, Ruthenian. Dialects: Lemko. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Christian.

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Slovak
[slk] Widespread. 5,115,000 in Slovakia, all users. L1 users: 4,770,000 (European Commission 2012). L2 users: 345,000 (European Commission 2012). Total users in all countries: 7,215,200 (as L1: 5,170,200; as L2: 2,045,000). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Constitution, Article 6(1)). Alternate Names: Slovakian. Autonym: Slovenský Jazyk, Slovenčina. Dialects: None known. Slovaks in western and central parts of the speech community can understand Czech [ces]. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak. Comments: Christian.

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Slovakian Sign Language
[svk] Scattered. 15,000 (2014 EUD). 27,000 (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Slovak Republic Sign Language, Slovak Sign Language, Slovník Posunkovej Reči. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: approximately 50% with Czech Sign Language [cse] (Bickford 2005). Classification: Sign language. Comments: Fingerspelling system similar to French Sign Language [fsl]. 44 sign language interpreters (2014 EUD). Courses for hearing people. Christian.

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Ukrainian
[ukr] Kosicku and Presovsku regions: western border. 5,690 (2013 UNSD). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Christian.

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