São Tomé e Príncipe

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Angolar
[aoa] São Tomé province: São Tomé island south tip, São João dos Angolares area; some south of Caué area. Population: 13,200 (2016 World Factbook). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ngola. Dialects: None known. Substratum largely Kwa [kwb] and Western Bantu; quite distinct from creoles of Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Gambia, and Cape Verde. The 33% of the Angolar lexicon not shared with Sãotomense [cri] is largely of Bantu origin, apparently Kimbundu [kmb] of Angola, with some from Koongo [kng] and Bini [bin]. Lexical similarity: 70% with São Tomense [cri], 67% with Principense [pre], 53% with Fa d’Ambu [fab]. Classification: Creole, Portuguese based.

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Kabuverdianu
[kea] Both islands, but primarily on the Island of Príncipe. Population: 14,700 in São Tomé e Príncipe (2012 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Creole, Portuguese based.

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Portuguese
[por] Population: 197,000 in São Tomé e Príncipe, all users. L1 users: 68,000 in São Tomé e Príncipe (2016 World Factbook). L2 users: 129,000 (2016 World Factbook). Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Alternate Names: Português. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Portuguese-Galician.

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Principense
[pre] Príncipe province. Population: 200 (2016 SIL). Ethnic population: 2,000 (2016 World Factbook). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Lun’gwiye, “Moncó” (pej.), “O dialecto” (pej.). Dialects: None known. Substratum largely Kwa [kwb] and Western Bantu; quite distinct from creoles of Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Gambia, and Cape Verde. Lexical similarity: 77% with Sãotomense [cri], 67% with Angolar [aoa], 62% with Fa d’Ambu [fab]. Classification: Creole, Portuguese based.

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Sãotomense
[cri] Sao Tome province: São Tomé island generally north of Santa Cruz. Population: 72,400 in São Tomé e Príncipe (2016 World Factbook). Total users in all countries: 83,000. Status: 6b* (Threatened). De facto language of provincial identity in São Tomé Island except south tip. Alternate Names: Forro, Santomense, Santomé, São Tomense, “O dialecto” (pej.). Dialects: None known. Substratum largely Kwa [kwb] and Western Bantu languages; quite distinct from the creoles of Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Gambia, and Cape Verde. Lexical similarity: 77% with Principense [pre], 62% with Fa d’Ambu [fab] (Annobonese), 70% with Angolar [aoa]. Classification: Creole, Portuguese based.

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