São Tomé e Príncipe

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Angolar
[aoa] São Tomé province: São Tomé island south tip, São João dos Angolares area; some south of Caué area. 13,200 (2016 World Factbook). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ngola. Dialects: None known. Substratum largely Kwa [kwb] and Western Bantu; quite distinct from creoles of Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Gambia, and Cape Verde. The 33% of the Angolar lexicon not shared with Sãotomense [cri] is largely of Bantu origin, apparently Kimbundu [kmb] of Angola, with some from Koongo [kng] and Bini [bin]. Lexical similarity: 70% with São Tomense [cri], 67% with Principense [pre], 53% with Fa d’Ambu [fab]. Classification: Creole, Portuguese based. Comments: Distinct ethnolinguistic group from the Forros, the emancipated. Most Angolares speak Sãotomense [cri], and tend to be absorbed into the Forros. Christian.

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Portuguese
[por] 197,000 in São Tomé e Príncipe, all users. L1 users: 68,000 (2016 World Factbook). L2 users: 129,000 (2016 World Factbook). Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Alternate Names: Português. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Portuguese-Galician. Comments: Non-indigenous. São Tomé and Príncipe was settled in the 1500s by Portuguese Jews exiled by the Inquisition. Their descendents are ethnic mesticos. Later immigrants were servicais (Luso Africans from Mozambiqe, Angola, and Cape Verde). Most are L1 speakers of Portuguese [por].

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Principense
[pre] Príncipe province. 200 (2016 SIL). Ethnic population: 2,000 (2016 World Factbook). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Lun’gwiye, “Moncó” (pej.), “O dialecto” (pej.). Dialects: None known. Substratum largely Kwa [kwb] and Western Bantu; quite distinct from creoles of Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Gambia, and Cape Verde. Lexical similarity: 77% with Sãotomense [cri], 67% with Angolar [aoa], 62% with Fa d’Ambu [fab]. Classification: Creole, Portuguese based.

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Sãotomense
[cri] Sao Tome province: São Tomé island generally north of Santa Cruz. 72,400 (2016 World Factbook). Total users in all countries: 83,000. Status: 6b (Threatened). De facto language of provincial identity in São Tomé Island except south tip. Alternate Names: Forro, Santomense, Santomé, São Tomense, “O dialecto” (pej.). Dialects: None known. Substratum largely Kwa [kwb] and Western Bantu languages; quite distinct from the creoles of Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Gambia, and Cape Verde. Lexical similarity: 77% with Principense [pre], 62% with Fa d’Ambu [fab] (Annobonese), 70% with Angolar [aoa]. Classification: Creole, Portuguese based. Comments: Tonal, although 90% of lexicon of Portuguese [por] origin.

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