El Salvador

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Cacaopera
[ccr] Morazan department. No known L1 speakers (2016). Status: 10 (Extinct). Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Matagalpa [mtn]. Classification: Misumalpan, Sumu-Cacaopera-Matagalpa, Cacaopera-Matagalpa.

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Nahuat
[ppl] Ahuachapan, Chalatenango, Cuscatlan, La Libertad, La Paz, San Salvador, Santa Ana, Sonsonate, and Usulutan departments. West, interior highlands. 500 (2015 J. Stuart), increasing. L2 users: 800 (2015 J. Stuart). Ethnic population: 11,100 (2005 census). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Recognized language (1993, Law to protect the national patrimony, Decree 513). Alternate Names: Nawat, Nicarao, “Pipil” (pej.). Dialects: None known. Not intelligible with Isthmus Nahuatl [nhk] of Mexico. Classification: Uto-Aztecan, Southern Uto-Aztecan, Corachol-Aztecan, Core Nahua.

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Salvadoran Sign Language
[esn] Scattered. Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (2005, Acuerdo Nº 16-0132, August 12, 2005). Alternate Names: El Salvadoran Sign Language, Lengua de señas salvadoreñas, LESSA. Classification: Sign language. Comments: Some Deaf and one deaf school use a variety of signing which is based on ASL, and which they even call ‘ASL’, but they cannot understand ASL from the United States. (Ciupek-Reed 2012). Christian.

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Spanish
[spa] Widespread. 6,270,000 in El Salvador (2013). L2 users: 500 in El Salvador (2016 J. Stuart). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1983, Constitution, Article 62). Alternate Names: Castellano, Español. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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