Turkmenistan

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Balochi, Western
[bgn] Mary province: 2 areas, one northeast of capital, the other on Murgap river upstream from Mary city. L1 users: 35,700 (2002 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Baloci, Baluchi, Baluci. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Balochi. Comments: Non-indigenous. Distinct from Eastern [bgp] and Southern Balochi [bcc]. Muslim.

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Chagatai
[chg] Ahal province: northwest of Ashgabat. L1 users: No known L1 speakers. Status: 10 (Extinct). Alternate Names: Chaghatay, Jagatai. Classification: Turkic, Eastern.

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Korean
[kor] Southern areas. L1 users: 3,600 (2002 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Goryeomal, Koryomal. Classification: Koreanic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Kurdish, Northern
[kmr] Ahal province: mainly Ashgabat area. L1 users: 5,500 (2002 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Khorasani, Khorasani Kurmanji, Kurmancî, Kurmanji. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Kurdish. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.

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Russian
[rus] Ashgabat and other urban centers. 900,000 in Turkmenistan (Arefyev 2012), all users. L1 users: 637,000 (2015 World Factbook). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Non-indigenous. No longer consistently used for interethnic communciation.

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Turkmen
[tuk] Widespread. L1 users: 3,820,000 (2015 World Factbook). Total users in all countries: 7,097,970. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Constitution, Article 13). Alternate Names: Trukhmen, Trukhmeny, Turkmani, Turkmanian, Turkmenler, Turkomans, Türkmen dili. Autonym: Türkmençe, түркменче‎ (Türkmençe). Dialects: Nokhurli, Anauli, Khasarli, Nerezim, Yomud, Teke (Tekke), Goklen, Salyr, Saryq, Esari, Cawdur. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkmenian. Comments: Turkmen in Syria and Iraq displays heavy Turkish [tur] and Arabic influences lexically with some Azeri features. Turkmen in Iran shows many Persian [pes] features. Muslim.

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Uzbek, Northern
[uzn] Dasoguz province: Dashhowuz area; scattered elsewhere. L1 users: 478,000 (2015 World Factbook). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: O’zbek. Classification: Turkic, Eastern.

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