Turkey

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Turkey
A country in Asia
The number of individual languages listed for Turkey is 40. Of these, 39 are living and 1 is extinct. Of the living languages, 18 are indigenous and 21 are non-indigenous. Furthermore, 3 are institutional, 17 are developing, 4 are vigorous, 13 are in trouble, and 2 are dying.
Official Name
Republic of Turkey
Population Full

80,580,000 (2016 UNDESA)

Principal Languages
Turkish
Literacy Rate
96% (2017 World Bank)
Immigrant Languages
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (25,000), Avar, Bosnian (101,000), Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, Chechen (101,000), Dargwa, English (42,600), Gagauz (418,000), Iranian Persian (618,000), Karakalpak (74,000), Lezgi (1,200), Northern Uzbek, Spanish (1,000)
General References
Andrews 1989, Campbell and King 2011, Comrie 1987, Izadi 1992, Sebeok 1963, Sebeok 1970
Deaf Population
0.37% with ‘hearing disability’ (2002 Turkish Statistical Institute), 400,000 (1998 Turkish Ministry of Education)
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Turkey is 40. Of these, 39 are living and 1 is extinct. Of the living languages, 18 are indigenous and 21 are non-indigenous. Furthermore, 3 are institutional, 17 are developing, 4 are vigorous, 13 are in trouble, and 2 are dying.
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