Ukraine

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Armenian
[hye] 99,900 in Ukraine. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Haieren. Classification: Indo-European, Armenian. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Bashkort
[bak] 3,670 in Ukraine. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Bashkir. Classification: Turkic, Western, Uralian. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Belarusan
[bel] 56,200 in Ukraine (2003 UNSD). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Bulgarian
[bul] 234,000 in Ukraine. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Eastern. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Crimean Tatar
[crh] Krym, autonomous republic. 260,000 in Ukraine (2006 A. Goriainov). Total users in all countries: 573,540. Status: 5 (Developing). Recognized language (2009, No. 1167-VI, Autonomous Republic Crimea Republic Constitution (amended), Articles 11-13), protected language. Alternate Names: Crimean, Crimean Turkish, Qirim, Qirimtatar. Classification: Turkic, Southern. Comments: Sometimes confused with, but distinct from, Tatar [tat]. Muslim.

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Czech
[ces] 21,000 in Ukraine (1970 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Ceský jazyk, Cestina. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Gagauz
[gag] Odes’ka oblast’: Izmail’s’kyj district. 25,000 in Ukraine (Salminen 2007). Status: 5 (Developing). Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkish. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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German, Standard
[deu] 33,300 in Ukraine (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, East Middle German. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Greek
[ell] Donets’ka oblast’: Mariupol town, 18 villages. 5,850 in Ukraine (2001 census). Ethnic population: 91,500. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Urum. Dialects: Mariupol Greek (Crimeo-Rumeic, Tavro-Rumeic). Classification: Indo-European, Greek, Attic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Hungarian
[hun] Zakarpats’ka oblast’. 162,000 in Ukraine (2003 UNSD). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Magyar. Classification: Uralic. Comments: Christian.

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Karaim
[kdr] L’vivs’ka oblast’: Luts’k town; Chernivets’ka oblast’: Halych town. 6 in Ukraine (Salminen 2007). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Karaite. Dialects: Karaim, Trakai (Trakay), Halych (Galits). Classification: Turkic, Western, Ponto-Caspian. Comments: Non-indigenous. No speakers remaining in Israel. Lutzk-Halych dialect Russian-English dictionary being compiled (2006 V. Mireyev). Jewish.

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Krimchak
[jct] Krym, autonomous republic. 200 (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 1,800 (Salminen 2007). 1,200 ethnic Krimchak in the Crimea, 600 elsewhere (Salminen 2007). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Judeo-Crimean Tatar, Judeo-Crimean Turkish. Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Crimean Tatar [crh]. Classification: Turkic, Western, Ponto-Caspian. Comments: Jewish.

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Polish
[pol] L’vivs’ka oblast’: 3 small interior enclaves. 144,000 in Ukraine (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Lechitic.

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Romani, Balkan
[rmn] Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Balkan. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Romani, Baltic
[rml] Status: 5 (Developing). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Northern. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Romani, Carpathian
[rmc] Zakarpats’ka oblast’: 2 border strips near Tisa river. 21,200 in Ukraine (2001 census). Ethnic population: 47,600 (2001 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ungrike Romá. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Northern. Comments: Non-indigenous. Christian.

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Romani, Vlax
[rmy] East and west, Odessa, Transcarpathia. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Rom. Dialects: Central Vlax Romani, Kalderash, Ukrainian Vlax Romani. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Vlax. Comments: Non-indigenous. Vlax speakers from Russia are called Rusurja. Ethnic groups: Sárvi (left-bank Ukraine), Volóxuja (right-bank Ukraine), Chache (Moldavia), Kalderari (Moldavia, Ukraine, Odessa, Transcarpathia), Lovári (Ukraine). Christian.

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Romanian
[ron] Chernivets’ka oblast’ at northern Romania border; Odes’ka oblast south of Moldova, Renijs’kyj district, 2 enclaves near border. 328,000 in Ukraine (2003 UNSD). Ethnic population: 410,000 (2001 census). 151,000 ethnic Moldovians, 257,000 ethnic Romanians. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Daco-Romanian, Moldavian, Rumanian. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern.

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Russian
[rus] Widespread, particularly in east and south. 14,300,000 in Ukraine (2003 UNSD). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory national working language (2009, No. 1167-VI, Autonomous Republic Crimea Republic Constitution (amended), Articles 10-13). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East.

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Rusyn
[rue] Zakarpats’ka oblast’. 560,000 in Ukraine (2000). Total users in all countries: 636,230. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Carpathian, Carpatho-Rusyn, Ruthenian. Dialects: Rusyn is called a dialect of Ukrainian [ukr], but speakers reportedly consider themselves distinct from Ukrainians. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Christian.

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Slovak
[slk] 2,770 in Ukraine (2003 UNSD). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Slovencina, Slovenský Jazyk. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Ukrainian
[ukr] 32,600,000 in Ukraine (2003 UNSD). Ethnic population: 37,500,000 (2001 census). Total users in all countries: 34,605,200. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1996, Constitution, Article 10). Dialects: Northwest Ukrainian, Southwest Ukrainian, East Ukrainian. Dialect differences slight. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Christian.

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Ukrainian Sign Language
[ukl] Scattered. 223,000 (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Ukrayinska Zhestova Mova, USL. Dialects: None known. Very similar to sign languages in Moldova and Russia. (Bickford 2005). Classification: Sign language. Comments: Christian.

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Urum
[uum] Donets’ka oblast’: 10 villages. 95,000 in Ukraine (2000). Status: 7 (Shifting). Classification: Turkic. Comments: Non-indigenous. Ethnic Greek speakers.

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Yiddish, Eastern
[ydd] 634,000 in Ukraine (1991). Total users in all countries: 1,541,290. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Dialects: Southeastern Yiddish (Podolian, Volhynian). Many loans from Hebrew [heb] and local languages. Eastern and Western [yih] Yiddish have difficult inherent intelligibility due to differing histories and influences from other languages. Some Western Yiddish [yih] in Israel (1977 M. Herzog). A member of macrolanguage Yiddish [yid]. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, Yiddish.

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