Ukraine

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Armenian, Western
[hyw] Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, and Kharkiv regions; Krym, autonomous republic. Population: 50,400 in Ukraine (2001 census). Ethnic population: 99,900 (2001 census). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Recognized language (2004, Law, Status of Indigenous Peoples of Ukraine, Article 1(5)). Dialects: Crimea (Krim). Classification: Indo-European, Armenian.

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Belarusian
[bel] Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Kharkiv, Kiev, Luhansk, Odessa, Rivne, and Zaporizhia regions; Krym, autonomous republic; Kiev City, Sevastopol City. Population: 56,200 in Ukraine (2003 UNSD). Ethnic population: 276,000 (2001 census). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Recognized language (2004, Law, Status of Indigenous Peoples of Ukraine, Article 1(5)), protected language. Alternate Names: Belarusan. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East.

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Bulgarian
[bul] Donetsk, Mykolaiv, Odessa, and Zaporizhia regions. Population: 131,000 in Ukraine (2001 census). Ethnic population: 205,000 (2001 census). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Recognized language (2004, Law, Status of Indigenous Peoples of Ukraine, Article 1(5)), protected language. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Eastern.

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Crimean Tatar
[crh] Krym, autonomous republic. Population: 228,000 in Ukraine (2001 census). Ethnic population: 248,000 (2001 census). Total users in all countries: 541,540. Status: 5* (Developing). Recognized language (2009, No. 1167-VI, Autonomous Republic Crimea Republic Constitution (amended), Articles 11-13), protected language. Alternate Names: Crimean, Crimean Turkish, Qirim, Qirimtatar. Autonym: Qırımtatar tili, Qırımtatarca, Къырымтатар тили‎ (Qırımtatar tili), Къырымтатарджа‎ (Qırımtatarca). Classification: Turkic, Southern.

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Gagauz
[gag] Odessa region: Izmail’s’kyj district. Population: 22,800 in Ukraine (2001 census). Ethnic population: 31,900 (2001 census). Status: 5* (Developing). Recognized language (2004, Law, Status of Indigenous Peoples of Ukraine, Article 1(5)), protected language. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkish.

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Greek
[ell] Donetsk region: Mariupol town, 18 villages. Population: 5,830 in Ukraine (2001 census). Ethnic population: 91,500 (2001 census). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Hretsʹkyy, Urum. Dialects: Mariupol Greek (Crimeo-Rumeic, Tavro-Rumeic). Classification: Indo-European, Greek, Attic.

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Hungarian
[hun] Zakarpattia region. Population: 162,000 in Ukraine (2003 UNSD). Ethnic population: 157,000 (2001 census). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Recognized language (2004, Law, Status of Indigenous Peoples of Ukraine, Article 1(5)). Alternate Names: Magyar, Uhorsʹkyy. Classification: Uralic.

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Karaim
[kdr] Lviv region: Luts’k town; Chernivtsi region: Halych town. Population: 6 in Ukraine (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 1,200 (2001 census). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Recognized language (2004, Law, Status of Indigenous Peoples of Ukraine, Article 1(5)). Alternate Names: Karaite. Dialects: Karaim, Trakai (Trakay), Halych (Galits). Classification: Turkic, Western, Ponto-Caspian.

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Krimchak
[jct] Krym, autonomous republic. Population: 200 in Ukraine (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 1,800 (Salminen 2007). 1,200 ethnic Krimchak in the Crimea, 600 elsewhere (Salminen 2007). Total users in all countries: 202. Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Judeo-Crimean Tatar, Judeo-Crimean Turkish. Autonym: Кърымчах тыльы‎ (Krymchakh Tilyi). Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Crimean Tatar [crh]. Classification: Turkic, Western, Ponto-Caspian.

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Polish
[pol] Lviv region: 3 small interior enclaves. Population: 18,700 in Ukraine (2001 census). Ethnic population: 144,000 (2001 census). Status: 7 (Shifting). Recognized language (2004, Law, Status of Indigenous Peoples of Ukraine, Article 1(5)), protected language. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Lechitic.

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Romani, Balkan
[rmn] Kharkiv region. Population: Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Dialects: Crimean Romani (Kyrymitika Roma). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Balkan.

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Romani, Carpathian
[rmc] Zakarpattia region: 2 border strips near Tisa river. Population: 21,300 in Ukraine (2001 census). Ethnic population: 47,600 (2001 census). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ungrike Romá. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Northern.

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Romani, Vlax
[rmy] Odessa and Zakarpattia regions. Population: Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Rom. Dialects: Central Vlax Romani, Kalderash, Ukrainian Vlax. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Vlax.

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Romanian
[ron] Chernivtsi region, at northern Romania border; Odessa region, south of Moldova, Renijs’kyj district, 2 enclaves near border. Population: 328,000 in Ukraine (2003 UNSD). Ethnic population: 410,000 (2001 census). 151,000 ethnic Moldovians, 257,000 ethnic Romanians. Status: 5* (Dispersed). Recognized language (Law, Status of Indigenous Peoples of Ukraine, Article 1(5)). Alternate Names: Daco-Romanian, Moldavian, Română, Rumanian. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern.

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Russian
[rus] Widespread, particularly in east and south. Population: 39,100,000 in Ukraine, all users. L1 users: 14,300,000 in Ukraine (2003 UNSD). L2 users: 24,800,000 (Arefyev 2012). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial working language in Autonomous Republic of Crimea (2009, Autonomous Republic of Crimea Constitution (amended), No. 1167-VI, Articles 10–13). Alternate Names: Rosiysʹkyy. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East.

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Rusyn
[rue] Zakarpattia region. Population: 6,730 in Ukraine (2001 census). Ethnic population: 10,200 (2001 census). Total users in all countries: 82,960. Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Carpathian, Carpatho-Rusyn, Ruthenian. Autonym: русиньскый язык‎ (Rusynska mova). Dialects: Rusyn is called a dialect of Ukrainian [ukr], but speakers reportedly consider themselves distinct from Ukrainians. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East.

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Slovak
[slk] Zakarpattia region. Population: 2,770 in Ukraine (2003 UNSD). Ethnic population: 6,400 (2001 census). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Recognized language (2004, Law, Status of Indigenous Peoples of Ukraine, Article 1(5)), protected language. Alternate Names: Slovenčina, Slovenský Jazyk. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak.

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Ukrainian
[ukr] Population: 30,800,000 in Ukraine (2016), all users. L1 users: 25,000,000 (2016). Ethnic population: 34,400,000 (2016). Total users in all countries: 33,082,790 (as L1: 27,282,790; as L2: 5,800,000). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1996, Constitution, Article 10). Autonym: українська мова‎ (Ukrayins’ka mova). Dialects: Northwest Ukrainian, Southwest Ukrainian, East Ukrainian. Dialect differences slight. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East.

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Ukrainian Sign Language
[ukl] Scattered. Population: 54,000 (2008 WFD). Other population figures refer to audiological deafness: 43,000 registered Ukrainian nationals with hearing impairments (2015 Ukrainian Society of the Deaf); 223,000 (2016 IMB). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Recognized language (2005, Law No. 2961–IV (06.10.2005)), for use in education (2008 WFD). Alternate Names: USL, Ukrayinska Mova Zhestiv, Ukrayinska Zhestova Mova. Dialects: None known. Relatively high lexical similarity to sign languages in Moldova [vsi] and Russia [rsl] (Bickford 2005). Classification: Sign language.

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Urum
[uum] Donetsk region: 10 villages. Population: 95,000 in Ukraine (2000). Status: 7 (Shifting). Classification: Turkic.

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Yiddish, Eastern
[ydd] Scattered. Population: 11,500 in Ukraine (2017). Status: 7 (Shifting). Recognized language (2004, Law, Status of Indigenous Peoples of Ukraine, Article 1(5)), protected language. Dialects: Southeastern Yiddish (Podolian, Volhynian). Many loans from Hebrew [heb] and local languages. Eastern and Western [yih] Yiddish have difficult inherent intelligibility due to differing histories and influences from other languages. Some Western Yiddish [yih] in Israel (1977 M. Herzog). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, Yiddish.

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