[crh] Crimea. Also in Bulgaria, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Turkey, United States, Uzbekistan. 260,000 in Ukraine (2006 A. Goriainov). Population total all countries: 475,540. Status: 4 (Educational). Language of recognized nationality (2009, No. 1167-VI, AR Crimea Republic Constitution (amended), Articles 11-13), protected language. Alternate Names: Crimean, Crimean Turkish Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern Comments: Sometimes confused with, but distinct from, Tatar [tat]. Muslim.
[jat] 29,300 (2000). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Jat, Jataki, Jati, Jatu, Kayani, Musali Dialects: Related to Western Panjabi [pnb]. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Northwestern zone, Lahnda Comments: Different from Jadgali [jdg] of Pakistan. Nomadic. Muslim.
[kdr] West, Luts’k and Halych towns. 6 in Ukraine (Salminen 2007). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Karaite Dialects: Halych (Galits), Karaim, Trakai (Trakay). Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Western, Ponto-Caspian Comments: No speakers remaining in Israel. Lutzk-Halych dialect Russian-English dictionary being compiled (2006 V. Mireyev). Jewish (Karaite).
[jct] Crimea Autonomous Republic. 200 (Salminen 2007). 1,200 ethnic Krimchak in the Crimea, 600 elsewhere (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 1,800. Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Judeo-Crimean Tatar, Judeo-Crimean Turkish Dialects: Similar to Crimean Tatar [crh]. Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Western, Ponto-Caspian Comments: Jewish (Karaite).
[rue] Transcarpathian Oblast. May be in Romania. Also in Belarus, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Serbia, Slovakia. 560,000 in Ukraine (2000). Population total all countries: 623,940. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Carpathian, Carpatho-Rusyn, Ruthenian Dialects: Rusyn is called a dialect of Ukrainian [ukr], but speakers reportedly consider themselves distinct from Ukrainians. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, East Comments: Christian.
[ukr] Also in Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, United States, Uzbekistan. 32,000,000 in Ukraine (2001 census). Population total all countries: 36,028,490. Ethnic population: 37,500,000 (2001 census). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1996, Constitution, Article 10). Dialects: East Ukrainian, Northwest Ukrainian, Southwest Ukrainian. Dialect differences slight. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, East Comments: Christian.
Ukrainian Sign Language