United States

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United States
A country in Americas
The number of individual languages listed for United States is 230. Of these, 219 are living and 11 are extinct. Of the living languages, 196 are indigenous and 23 are non-indigenous. Furthermore, 3 are institutional, 11 are developing, 2 are vigorous, 60 are in trouble, and 143 are dying.
Official Name
United States of America
Population

321,369,000 (2013 census)

Principal Languages
English
Literacy Rate
99% (2003 World Factbook)
Immigrant Languages
Adamawa Fulfulde (22,500), Afrikaans (18,900), Alacatlatzala Mixtec, Amharic (146,000), Arabic (952,000), Armenian (247,000), Assamese (1,220), Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (80,000), Bahamas Creole English, Bahnar, Belarusan (1,360), Belize Kriol English (40,000), Bengali (190,000), Bukharic (50,000), Bulgarian (57,000), Burmese (35,300), Cajonos Zapotec, Carolinian (190), Catalan (1,920), Cebuano (10,000), Central Khmer (213,000), Chaldean Neo-Aramaic (80,000), Chru, Chuukese (5,430), Classical Mandaic, Copala Triqui (5,000), Corsican, Crimean Tatar, Croatian (57,600), Danish (29,700), Dutch (132,000), Eastern Cham (890), Eastern Mnong, Eastern Punjabi (208,000), Efik (5,260), El Nayar Cora, Evenki (330), Faroese (150), Fijian (3,700), Fijian Hindustani, Finnish (25,800), Frisian (920), Garifuna (65,000), Gheg Albanian (62,600), Greek (305,000), Gujarati (358,000), Guyanese Creole English, Haitian Creole (453,000), Hakka Chinese (1,090), Halh Mongolian (8,430), Hebrew (216,000), Hiligaynon, Hindi (649,000), Hmong Daw (185,000), Hmong Njua (100,000), Hulaulá, Hungarian (93,100), Icelandic (5,170), Ilocano (76,900), Inakeanon (23,600), Indonesian (60,700), Iranian Persian (408,000), Irish (22,300), Italian (724,000), Iu Mien (17,400), Japanese (436,000), Jarai, Javanese (440), Kabardian (3,500), Kabuverdianu (91,000), Kalmyk-Oirat, Kannada (35,900), Karachay-Balkar (700), Kashmiri (830), Kazakh (1,000), Khmu, Khuen, Kiribati (170), Klao, Koho, Korean (1,140,000), Kosraean (1,060), Krio (6,900), Kyrgyz (130), Ladin, Ladino (130), Lahu Shi (1,200), Lao (141,000), Latgalian, Laven, Laz, Lithuanian (42,300), Lombard, Lower Sorbian (190), Luxembourgish (710), Maay, Macedonian (22,100), Mal, Malay (12,400), Malayalam (112,000), Maltese, Mandaic, Mandarin Chinese (381,000), Maori (660), Mapudungun (210), Marathi (54,200), Marshallese (10,700), Mezquital Otomi, Min Dong Chinese (2,670), Min Nan Chinese (76,100), Mixtepec Mixtec, Nepali (34,100), North Marquesan (610), Northern Kurdish (13,000), Northern Pashto (15,800), Northern Uzbek, Norwegian (41,200), Nubi (130), Nukuoro (140), Nung, Odia (4,790), Palauan (4,150), Pampangan (5,430), Papiamentu (1,370), Parsi (75,000), Peñoles Mixtec, Phu Thai, Piemontese, Pingelapese (500), Plateau Malagasy (940), Pohnpeian (2,350), Polish (608,000), Pontic, Portuguese (674,000), Q’anjob’al, Rade, Rarotongan (120), Romanian (147,000), Romany (1,000,000), Russian (906,000), Samoan (57,400), Scottish Gaelic (1,450), Senaya (400), Serbian (63,800), Shelta (50,000), Sherpa (500), Silacayoapan Mixtec, Sindhi (6,910), Sinhala (22,300), Slovak (32,200), Slovene (7,030), Soninke (5,000), South Azerbaijani (1,280), Southwestern Caribbean Creole English (19,900), Standard Estonian (5,940), Standard German (1,080,000), Standard Latvian (16,100), Swahili (72,400), Swedish (56,700), Sylheti, Tai Daeng, Tai Dam (3,000), Tajiki (150), Tamil (131,000), Tatar (7,000), Tày, Tektiteko, Telugu (171,000), Thai (163,000), Tibetan (9,760), Tokelauan (290), Tondano, Tongan (26,300), Tosk Albanian (62,600), Traveller Scottish, Turkish (107,000), Turkmen (220), Turoyo (5,000), Ukrainian (143,000), Upper Guinea Crioulo (156,000), Upper Sorbian (190), Upper Ta’oih, Urdu (374,000), Uyghur (3,190), Vietnamese (1,420,000), Vlaams (2,000), Welsh (2,450), Western Bru, Western Cham (890), Western Highland Purepecha (45,000), Western Juxtlahuaca Mixtec, Western Kanjobal, Western Punjabi, Western Tlacolula Valley Zapotec (500), Wu Chinese (2,480), Xiang Chinese (290), Yalálag Zapotec, Yapese (800), Yatzachi Zapotec, Yoruba, Yucatec Maya (25,000), Yue Chinese (437,000), Zoogocho Zapotec (400)
Deaf Population
Nearly 2,000,000 (1988)
General References
Bright 1992, Campbell 1997, Campbell and King 2011, Chafe 1962, Chafe 1965, Golla 2007Montgomery-Anderson 2015
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for United States is 230. Of these, 219 are living and 11 are extinct. Of the living languages, 196 are indigenous and 23 are non-indigenous. Furthermore, 3 are institutional, 11 are developing, 2 are vigorous, 60 are in trouble, and 143 are dying.
Products
See full country report.
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