Uzbekistan

Print
Arabic, Uzbeki Spoken
[auz] Navoiy, Qashqadaryo, and Buxoro regions; Samarkand region, middle and lower Zerafshan valley, a few in Katta-Kurgan town; small villages. 700. Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Central Asian Arabic, Jugari, Kashkadarya Arabic, Uzbeki Arabic Dialects: Reportedly similar to North Mesopotamian Spoken Arabic [ayp]. Sharp dialect differences between Bukhara and Kashkadarya regions. Bukhara is strongly influenced by Tajiki [tgk], Kashkadarya by Uzbek [uzn] and other Turkic languages. May be a mixed language. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Endogamous and do not mix with speakers of other languages. Muslim (Hanafi Sunni).

More Information

Bukharic
[bhh] Various areas. Buxoro is cultural center. 10,000 in Uzbekistan (1995). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bokharian, Bokharic, Bukharan, Bukharin, Judeo-Tajik Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian Comments: Jewish.

More Information

Crimean Tatar
[crh] Navoiy and Samarqand. 150,000 in Uzbekistan (2006 A. Goriainov). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Crimean Turkish Dialects: Central Crimean, Northern Crimean (Crimean Nogai, Steppe Crimean), Southern Crimean. Classification: Turkic, Southern Comments: In census counted with the Tatar [tat], but the languages are distinct. Muslim.

More Information

Karakalpak
[kaa] Qoraqalpog iston, Navoiy, Buxoro, and Xorazm regions; along lower Amu Darya, south Aral Sea area. 407,000 in Uzbekistan (1993 UBS). Population total all countries: 410,410. Ethnic population: 717,000 (2014 World Factbook). Status: 5 (Developing). Statutory language of provincial identity in Karakalpakstan (1995, Official Language Law (amended), 3561-XI, Article 3). Alternate Names: Karaklobuk, Klobouki, Tchorny Dialects: Northeastern Karakalpak, Southeastern Karakalpak. Classification: Turkic, Western, Aralo-Caspian Comments: Some literature. Muslim (Sunni).

More Information

Kazakh
[kaz] Qoraqalpog iston, Jizzax, Navoiy, Buxoro, and Sirdaryo regions. 808,000 in Uzbekistan. Ethnic population: 860,000 (2014 World Factbook). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Turkic, Western, Aralo-Caspian

More Information

Russian
[rus] 4,070,000 in Uzbekistan (2014 World Factbook). Ethnic population: 1,600,000 (2014 World Factbook). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East

More Information

Tajiki
[tgk] Qashqadaryo, Surxondaryo, Buxoro, Samarqand, Farg ona, and Navoiy regions; several separate enclaves. 1,260,000 in Uzbekistan (2014 World Factbook). Ethnic population: 1,430,000 (2014 World Factbook). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian

More Information

Turkish
[tur] Sirdaryo, Jizzax, Qashqadaryo, Buxoro, Samarqand, Navoiy provinces. 197,000 in Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan (based on 1979 census, not counting 56,000 Turks of Fergana, who speak an Uzbek dialect). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Osmanli Dialects: Danubian, Dinler, Edirne, Eskisehir, Gaziantep, Karamanli, Razgrad, Rumelian, Urfa. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkish Comments: Muslim (Sunni).

More Information

Uzbek
[uzb] Population total all languages: 27,001,230. Comments: Includes: Northern Uzbek [uzn], Southern Uzbek [uzs] (Afghanistan).

More Information

Uzbek, Northern
[uzn] East of the Amu Darya; south Aral Sea area. 21,300,000 in Uzbekistan (2014 World Factbook). Population total all countries: 24,039,250. Ethnic population: 22,900,000 (2014 World Factbook). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1995, Official Language Law (amended), 3561-XI, Article 1). Alternate Names: Özbek Dialects: Karluk (Qarlug), Kipchak (Kypchak), Oghuz. Distinct from Southern Uzbek [uzs] of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Turkey. Russian [rus] influences in grammar, use of loanwords, and script. Oghuz may be a dialect of Khorasani Turkish [kmz] in Turkey rather than Uzbek. A member of macrolanguage Uzbek [uzb]. Classification: Turkic, Eastern Comments: About a third urbanized. Much Persian influence in language and culture. Patrilineal. Sart is an obsolete name for sedentary Uzbek, possibly those who are ethnically Tajik. Muslim (Hanafi Sunni).

More Information