Arabic, Uzbeki Spoken
[auz] Buxoro, Navoiy, and Qashqadaryo regions; Samarkand region, middle and lower Zerafshan valley, some in Katta-Kurgan town; small villages. 700 (1992 G. Watson). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Central Asian Arabic, Jugari, Kashkadarya Arabic, Uzbeki Arabic. Dialects: Reportedly similar to North Mesopotamian Spoken Arabic [ayp]. Sharp dialect differences between Bukhara and Kashkadarya regions. Bukhara is strongly influenced by Tajiki [tgk], Kashkadarya by Uzbek [uzn] and other Turkic languages. May be a mixed language. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Endogamous and do not mix with speakers of other languages. Muslim.
[crh] Navoiy and Samarqand regions. 150,000 (2006 A. Goriainov). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Crimean Turkish, Qirim, Qirimtatar. Dialects: Northern Crimean (Crimean Nogai, Steppe Crimean), Central Crimean, Southern Crimean. Classification: Turkic, Southern. Comments: Non-indigenous. In census counted with the Tatar [tat], but the languages are distinct. Muslim.
[kaa] Qoraqalpog’iston Republic; Buxoro, Navoiy, and Xorazm regions along lower Amu river, south Aral Sea area. 506,000 (2010 J. Leclerc). Ethnic population: 717,000 (2014 World Factbook). Total users in all countries: 584,670. Status: 5 (Developing). Statutory language of provincial identity in Karakalpakstan (1995, Official Language Law (amended), 3561-XI, Article 3). Alternate Names: Karaklobuk, Klobouki, Tchorny. Dialects: Northeastern Karakalpak, Southeastern Karakalpak. Classification: Turkic, Western, Aralo-Caspian. Comments: Some literature. Muslim.
[rus] Widespread, mostly urban communities. 11,800,000 in Uzbekistan (Arefyev 2012), all users. 4,070,000 (2014 World Factbook). Ethnic population: 1,600,000 (2014 World Factbook). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Rossiya. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Non-indigenous.
[tur] Buxoro, Jizzax, Navoiy, Qashqadaryo, Samarqand, and Sirdaryo provinces. 130,000 (2010 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Osmanli, Türkçe. Dialects: Danubian, Eskisehir, Razgrad, Dinler, Rumelian, Karamanli, Edirne, Gaziantep, Urfa. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkish. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.
[uzn] Widespread; concentrated in east. 22,200,000 (2015 World Factbook). Ethnic population: 22,900,000 (2014 World Factbook). Total users in all countries: 25,170,100. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1995, Official Language Law (amended), 3561-XI, Article 1). Autonym: O’zbek. Dialects: Karluk (Qarlug), Kipchak (Kypchak), Oghuz. Distinct from Southern Uzbek [uzs] of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Turkey. Russian [rus] influences in grammar, use of loanwords, and script. Oghuz may be a dialect of Khorasani Turkish [kmz] in Turkey rather than Uzbek. A member of macrolanguage Uzbek [uzb]. Classification: Turkic, Eastern. Comments: About a third urbanized. Much Persian influence in language and culture. Patrilineal. Sart is a pejorative name which had been used by the occupying Russians and by the Kazakhs (Allworth 1990). Muslim.