Yemen

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Arabic, Gulf Spoken
[afb] Widespread. Population: 10,000 in Yemen (2001 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Hadrami Spoken
[ayh] Hadramawt and Shabwah governorates. Population: 4,560,000 in Yemen (2015). Total users in all countries: 4,570,000. Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Hadhrami Arabic, Hadrami, Hadromi, Ḥaḍrami Arabic. Dialects: A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Judeo-Yemeni
[jye] ‘Adan, Al Bayda’, Sanaa and Shabwah governorates: mainly urban communities; Shabwah governorate (Habban dialect). Population: 300 in Yemen (2010 J. Berer). Total users in all countries: 50,300. Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Judeo-Yemeni, Yemenite Judeo-Arabic, Yeminite. Dialects: San’a, ’Aden, Be:da, Habban. Jewish varieties markedly different from their coterritorial Muslim counterparts. A member of macrolanguage Judeo-Arabic [jrb]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Sanaani Spoken
[ayn] Widespread; central areas: Amanat al Asimah and Sanaa governorates; outer areas: western Al Bayda’, Al Jawf, Al Mahwit, Amran, central and eastern Dhamar, eastern Hajjah, Ma’rib, and Sa’dah governorates. Population: 11,100,000 in Yemen (2015). Total users in all countries: 11,350,000. Status: 6a* (Vigorous). De facto language of provincial identity in North Yemen. Alternate Names: Northern Yemeni Arabic. Autonym: يمني‎ (Yamani). Dialects: A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Standard
[arb] Widespread. Population: 17,700,000 in Yemen (2015 SIL), all users. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1991, Constitution, Article 2). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Ta’izzi-Adeni Spoken
[acq] Widespread. Population: 9,660,000 in Yemen (2015). Total users in all countries: 10,533,300. Status: 6a* (Vigorous). De facto language of provincial identity in South Yemen. Alternate Names: Southern Yemeni Spoken Arabic. Dialects: Ta’izzi, Adeni. Ta’izzi dialect best accepted in Yemen. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Bathari
[bhm] Al Mahrah governorate. Population: Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Bathara, Bautahari, Botahari. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian.

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Hobyót
[hoh] Al Mahrah governorate: near Oman border. Population: 100 in Yemen (2001 J. Leclerc). Status: 8a (Moribund). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian.

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Mehri
[gdq] Al Mahrah governorate. Population: 50,000 in Yemen (2011). Total users in all countries: 182,000. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Mahri. Dialects: Western Mehri (Mehriyet), Eastern Mehri (Mehriyot). Within main dialects there are also differences between Bedouin and city varieties. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian.

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Rāziḥī
[rzh] Sa‘dah governorate: Rāziḥ district; Jabal Rāziḥ massif region, numerous small settlements. Population: 62,900 (2004 census). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Jabal Razih, Rāziḥīt, S-samrit, Samrah Rāziḥīt, Samrit Rāziḥ. Dialects: None known. Rāziḥī and local spoken varieties of Arabic are mutually unintelligible. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central.

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Soqotri
[sqt] Amanat al Asimah governorate: ’Abd al-Kuri, Darsah, Samha, and Soqotra islands in the Gulf of Aden. Population: 70,000 (2015 J. Leclerc). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Saqatri, Socotri, Sokotri, South Arabian, Suqutri. Dialects: ’Abd Al-Kuri, Southern Soqotri, Northern Soqotri, Central Soqotri, Western Soqotri. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian.

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