Yemen

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Arabic, Gulf Spoken
[afb] Widespread. 10,000 (2001 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Arabic, Hadrami Spoken
[ayh] Hadramawt and Shabwah governorates. 4,560,000 (2015). Total users in all countries: 4,570,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Hadrami, Hadromi. Dialects: A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Distinct from Ta’izzi-Adeni Spoken Arabic [acq] and Sanaani Spoken Arabic [ayn]. Muslim.

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Arabic, Judeo-Yemeni
[jye] ‘Adan, Al Bayda’, Sanaa and Shabwah governorates: mainly urban communities; Shabwah governorate (Habban dialect). 300 (2010 J. Berer). Total users in all countries: 50,300. Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Judeo-Yemeni, Yemenite Judeo-Arabic, Yeminite. Dialects: San’a, ’Aden, Be:da, Habban. Jewish varieties markedly different from their coterritorial Muslim counterparts. A member of macrolanguage Judeo-Arabic [jrb]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Prior to the 1950s, Yemen had more than 50,000 Jews spread throughout the country, but with the creation of the State of Israel, the vast majority left. Several thousand remained until the early 1990s, until they, too, left for Israel. Now, only a few hundred remain (2010 J. Berer). Jewish.

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Arabic, Sanaani Spoken
[ayn] Widespread; central areas: Amanat al Asimah and Sanaa governorates; outer areas: western Al Bayda’, Al Jawf, Al Mahwit, Amran, central and eastern Dhamar, eastern Hajjah, Ma’rib, and Sa’dah governorates. 11,100,000 (2015). Total users in all countries: 11,350,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). De facto language of provincial identity in North Yemen. Alternate Names: Northern Yemeni Arabic. Dialects: A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Distinct from Hadrami [ayh] and Ta’izzi-Adeni Arabic [acq]. Muslim.

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Arabic, Standard
[arb] Widespread. 17,700,000 in Yemen (2015 SIL), all users. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1991, Constitution, Article 2). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Arabic, Ta’izzi-Adeni Spoken
[acq] Widespread. 9,660,000 (2015). Total users in all countries: 10,475,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). De facto language of provincial identity in South Yemen. Alternate Names: Southern Yemeni Spoken Arabic. Dialects: Ta’izzi, Adeni. Ta’izzi dialect best accepted in Yemen. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Different from Hadrami [ayh] and Sanaani Arabic [ayn]. Muslim.

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Bathari
[bhm] Al Mahrah governorate. Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Bathara, Bautahari, Botahari. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.

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Hobyót
[hoh] Al Mahrah governorate: near Oman border. 100 (2001 J. Leclerc). Status: 8a (Moribund). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian.

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Mehri
[gdq] Al Mahrah governorate. 50,000 (2011). Total users in all countries: 165,900. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Mahri. Dialects: Western Mehri (Mehriyet), Eastern Mehri (Mehriyot). Within main dialects there are also differences between Bedouin and city varieties. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian. Comments: Spoken by the Mahra. Many ethnic Mehri in Yemen are Arabic L1 speakers. Muslim.

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Rāziḥī
[rzh] Sa‘dah governorate: Rāziḥ district; Jabal Rāziḥ massif region, numerous small settlements. 62,900 (2004 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Jabal Razih, Rāziḥīt, S-samrit, Samrah Rāziḥīt, Samrit Rāziḥ. Dialects: None known. Rāziḥī and local spoken varieties of Arabic are mutually unintelligible. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central.

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Soqotri
[sqt] Amanat al Asimah governorate: ’Abd al-Kuri, Darsah, Samha, and Soqotra islands in the Gulf of Aden. 70,000 (2015 J. Leclerc). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Saqatri, Socotri, Sokotri, South Arabian, Suqutri. Dialects: ’Abd Al-Kuri, Southern Soqotri, Northern Soqotri, Central Soqotri, Western Soqotri. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian. Comments: North Soqotri includes North Central and Northwest Central (highland) Soqotri. Mostly monolingual in Soqotri. Muslim.

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