Albanian Sign Language
[sqk] Scattered. L1 users: 3,000 (Hoyer 2007). 15,000 deaf in Albania, 24,100 worldwide (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: AlbSL, Gjuha Shenjave e Shqip, Gjuha Shqiq e Shenjave, Gjuha e Shenjave Shqipe. Dialects: None known. Historically strong influence from spoken Albanian [sqi] with initialized signs and heavy use of fingerspelling, as well as gestures borrowed from hearing people. Has developed rapidly since the end of Communist control in 1990, with lexical borrowing from International Sign [ils] and other sign languages (Hoyer 2007; 2008 K. Hoyer). Not similar to any other sign languages in the Balkan area. Fingerspelling system similar to French Sign Language [fsl]. Classification: Sign language. Comments: L2 teaching materials being developed. Muslim, Christian.
[aln] Widespread north of the Shkumbin river. L1 users: 1,200,000 (2012 UNSD). Ethnic population: 2,310,000 ethnic Albanians (2011 census). Total users in all countries: 2,046,480. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Geg, Gheg, Guegue, Shopni, Shqip. Autonym: Gegnisht-Shqyp, Shqyp. Dialects: Northwest Gheg, Northeast Gheg, Central Gheg, Southern Gheg. A member of macrolanguage Albanian [sqi]. Classification: Indo-European, Albanian, Gheg. Comments: Muslim, Christian.
[als] Widespread south of the Shkumbin river. L1 users: 1,570,000 (2012 UNSD). Ethnic population: 2,310,000 ethnic Albanians (2011 census). Total users in all countries: 1,885,900. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1998, Constitution, Article 14(1)). Alternate Names: Arnaut, Shkip, Skchip, Tosk, Zhgabe. Autonym: Shqip. Dialects: Northern Tosk, Lab Tosk (Labërisht), Cham Tosk (Çam). Not intelligible with Arbëreshë [aae] of Italy. The basis of official standard Albanian since 1952. There is a transitional dialect zone which is neither Gheg [aln] nor Tosk. It is spoken in a few towns and villages around the Shkumbin river such as Shpat and Sulovë. A member of macrolanguage Albanian [sqi]. Classification: Indo-European, Albanian, Tosk. Comments: Muslim, Christian.
[rup] Fier County, Mbrostar commune; far southeast, Gjirokastër and Korçë counties; also in Tiranë area. L1 users: 3,850 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 8,270 (2012 census). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Armani, Armina, Armini, Aromunian, Arumanian, Arumanisht, Arumenian, Arumun, Macedo Romanian, Macedo-Rumanian, Vlach. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern.
[ell] Widespread in south and in larger cities. L1 users: 15,200 (2012 census). Ethnic population: 24,200 (2012 census). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto provincial working language in Gjirokaster, Sarande, and Delvina provinces in south. Dialects: Northern Estonian. Classification: Indo-European, Greek, Attic.
[rmy] L1 users: 4,000 (2012 census). Ethnic population: 8,300 (2012 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Rom. Dialects: South Albanian (Fieri, Korça), North Albanian, Gurbet. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Vlax. Comments: Non-indigenous. Ethnic groups are Mechkaria, Kurtofia, Chergaria, and Kabuzia. Christian.