[hye] Widespread. L1 users: 2,960,000 (2013 UNSD). Total users in all countries: 5,169,640. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1995, Constitution, Article 12). Alternate Names: Armjanski Yazyk, Ena, Ermeni Dili, Ermenice, Haieren, Somkhuri. Dialects: Eastern Armenian, Erevan (Eriwan), Tbilisi (Tiflis), Karabagh, Shamakhi (Schamachi), Astrakhan (Astrachan), Dzhulfa (Dschugha, Dschulfa), Agulis, Khvoy-Salmst (Choi-Salmst), Urmia-Maragheh (Urmia-Maragha), Artvin (Artwin), Karin (Erzerum, Erzurum), Mus (Musch), Van (Wan), Tigranakert (Diarbekir, Diyarbakir), Kharberd (Charberd, Erzenka, Erzincan), Shabin-Karahissar (Schabin-Karahissar), Trabzon (Trapezunt), Hamshen (Hamschen), Malatya (Malatia), Kilikien, Syria (Syrien), Arabkir, Ararat, Akn, Sebaste, Ewdokia (Tokat), Smyrna (Izmir), North Komedia, Constantinople (Istanbul, Konstantinopel), Rodosto, Crimea (Krim), Ashkharik. Eastern Armenian (4,341,000) in Armenia and its Turkish and Iranian borderlands; Western Armenian (879,612) used elsewhere and only understood by some in Iran. In Syria, people in Kessaberen (northeastern mountain village of Kessab) and Musa Dagh village (now relocated to Lebanon) speak related varieties which other Western Armenian speakers do not understand. Most Kessaberen users now learn Western Armenian. Western Armenian (Turkey) and Ararat (Russian Federation) are easily intelligible. Classification: Indo-European, Armenian. Comments: Christian.
Armenian Sign Language
[aii] Yerevan province: scattered. L1 users: 2,270 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 15,000. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Sooreth. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, Aramaic, Eastern, Central, Northeastern. Comments: Non-indigenous. The Assyrian and Chaldean separated denominationally during the 16th century. Christian.
[azj] L1 users: 20,000 (2004 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Azerbaydzhani, Azeri Turk, Turkler. Dialects: Kuba, Derbent, Baku, Semakha, Saliany, Lenkoran, Kazakh, Airym, Borcala, Terekeme, Kyzylbash, Nukha, Zakataly (Mugaly), Kutkasen, Erevan, Nakhichevan, Ordubad, Kirovabad, Susa (Karabakh), Karapapak. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Azerbaijani. Comments: Muslim.
[kmr] Aragatsotn province: Talin town; Ararat Province: Artashat and Masis towns; Armavir province: Echmiadzin; Geghark’unik’ province: southeastern coast, Lake Sevan; Kotayk’ province: Abovian area; Shirak and Lorri provinces; other main towns and cities. L1 users: 31,000 (2013 UNSD). Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Kurmancî, Kurmanji, Êzdîkî. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Kurdish. Comments: Majority are Yezidi.
[rmi] Ararat, Geghark’unik’, Syunik’, and Vayots’ Dzor provinces; south Caucasus scattered. L1 users: 50 (2004 J. Leclerc). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Armenian Bosa, Armenian Bosha, Bosa, Bosha, Lom, Posha. Dialects: None known. Grammatically restructured like Armenian [hye] with phonology and lexicon also influenced by Armenian. Classification: Mixed language, Armenian-Romani.