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Argentine Sign Language
[aed] Scattered. More than 50% in large cities (Massone 1995). Population: 60,000 (Caceres 2017). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: LSA, Lengua de Señas Argentina. Dialects: Córdoba Sign Language, LSA puro, LSA. Some regional variation (e.g. between Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Mendoza), but most deaf people minimize the differences and strongly identify with one national sign language (2013 R. Caceres). Also variation by generation: an older variety called LSA Puro, which prefers OSV as its neutral word order, and a younger variety, called simply LSA, which is influenced by Spanish and prefers SVO (Caceres 2017). LSA Puro tends to be used primarily by people born before about 1955, although choice of dialect is also influenced by location, educational background, and language contact (2017 R. Caceres). Classification: Sign language.

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Chorote, Iyojwa’ja
[crt] Salta province: near the Pilcomayo river. Population: 800 (Crevels 2007). 1,690, all Chorote, both [crt] and [crq] (Crevels 2012). Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Chorote, Choroti, Eklenjuy, Yofuaha, Yowúwa. Dialects: None known. Distinct from Iyo’wujwa Chorote [crq] (Drayson). Classification: Matacoan, Chorote.

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Chorote, Iyo’wujwa
[crq] Salta province. Population: 1,500 in Argentina (Crevels 2007). 1,690, all Chorote, both [crt] and [crq] (Crevels 2012). 750 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 2,610 (Crevels 2012). Includes all ethnic Chorote, both [crt] and [crq]. Total users in all countries: 1,870. Status: 5 (Developing). Autonym: Yojwaja. Dialects: Chorote (Iyowujwa), Manjui (Inkijwas, I’no’, Manjuy). Classification: Matacoan, Chorote.

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English
[eng] Widespread, mostly in Buenos Aires. Population: 2,850,000 in Argentina, all users. L1 users: 100,000 in Argentina (1985 New York Times). L2 users: 2,750,000 (2006). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Inglés. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English.

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German, Standard
[deu] Widespread. Population: 400,000 in Argentina. Status: 5* (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Alemán, Deutsch. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, East Middle German.

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Guaraní, Ava
[nhd] Misiones province; possibly also in Buenos Aires, Corrientes, Entre Rios, Jujuy, Salta, and Santa Fe provinces. Population: 5,140 in Argentina (Crevels 2012). Ethnic population: 21,800. Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Apytare, Chiripá, Nhandeva, Tsiripá, Txiripá, Ñandeva. Dialects: Apapocuva. Classification: Tupian, Tupí-Guaraní, Guaraní, Guaraní.

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Guaraní, Mbyá
[gun] Corrientes and Misiones provinces: south bank, Alto Parana river, Posadas area; shared border. Population: 3,910 in Argentina (Crevels 2012). Ethnic population: 8,220 (Crevels 2012). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Eastern Argentina Guaraní, Mbua, Mbya, Mbyá. Classification: Tupian, Tupí-Guaraní, Guaraní, Guaraní.

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Guaraní, Western Argentine
[gui] Jujuy and Salta provinces. Population: 15,000 in Argentina (Crevels 2007). Ethnic population: 21,000 (Crevels 2007). Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Eastern Bolivian Guaraní, “Chabanco” (pej.), “Chaguanco” (pej.), “Chawuncu” (pej.), “Chiriguano” (pej.). Dialects: Chané, Izoceño (Isocenio, Izocenyo). Classification: Tupian, Tupí-Guaraní, Guaraní, Guaraní, Bolivian Guaraní.

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Lule
[ule] Gran Chaco, between the Pilcomayo river and the Andean foothills. Population: No known L1 speakers. Reported to have been in use by 5 families in 1981 (Campbell 1997). Status: 10 (Extinct). Alternate Names: Lule-Tonocoté, Tonocoté. Classification: Unclassified.

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Mapudungun
[arn] Neuquén, Río Negro, and Chubut provinces; Mendoza province, possibly Buenos Aires. Population: 8,410 in Argentina (2004 census). Ethnic population: 114,000 (2004). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Huilliche, Manzanero, Mapuche, Mapudungu, Maputongo, Pehuenche, Ranquel, “Araucanian” (pej.), “Araucano” (pej.). Dialects: Pehuenche. Classification: Mapudungu.

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Mocoví
[moc] Chaco and Santa Fe provinces. Population: 2,780 (Crevels 2012). A few elderly monolinguals. Ethnic population: 15,800 (Crevels 2012). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Mbocobí, Mocobí, Mokovi. Classification: Guaykuruan, Southern.

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Nivaclé
[cag] Salta province: Rivadavia and San Martín departments; Tartagal outskirts and Misión La Paz. Population: 220 in Argentina (2004 INDEC). Ethnic population: 550 (2001 INDEC). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Ashlushlay, Guisnai, “Chulupe” (pej.), “Chulupi” (pej.), “Chulupie” (pej.), “Churupi” (pej.). Dialects: Forest Nivaclé, River Nivaclé. Classification: Matacoan.

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Ona
[ona] Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur province: Patagonia. Population: No known L1 speakers. The ethnic group disintegrated by early 20th century; last speakers died in the 1970s (Crevels 2007). Status: 10 (Extinct). Alternate Names: Aona, Choon, Selknam, Shelknam. Classification: Chon, Island Chon.

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Piedmontese
[pms] Population: No known L1 speakers in Argentina. The language ceased to be used daily in the 1950s in favor of Spanish (Giolitto 2016); it may still be in use in major cities as a heritage language. Status: 9 (Dormant). Alternate Names: Piamontés, Piemontèis. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Italian.

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Pilagá
[plg] Chaco province; Formosa province: Bermejo and Pilcomayo river valleys; Salta province. Population: 3,490 (Crevels 2012). Ethnic population: 4,470 (Crevels 2012). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Pilaca. Dialects: Toba-Pilagá (Sombrero Negro), Chaco Pilagá. Intelligibility between dialects needs investigation. Classification: Guaykuruan, Southern.

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Puelche
[pue] Chubut Province. Population: No known L1 speakers. The last L1 speaker was Trruúlmani, a woman who died in 1934. Status: 10 (Extinct). Alternate Names: Gennaken, Gününa Küne, Northern Tehuelche, Pampa. Classification: Language isolate.

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Quechua, South Bolivian
[quh] Buenos Aires, Jujuy, and Salta provinces. Population: 5,120 in Argentina (2004 census). Ethnic population: 70,500 (2004 INDEC). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Central Bolivian Quechua. Dialects: Northwest Jujuy (Colla). Classification: Quechuan, Peripheral Quechua, Chinchay, Southern Chinchay.

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Quichua, Santiago del Estero
[qus] Chaco province; Santiago del Estero province: Figueroa, Moreno, Robles, Sarmiento, Brigadier J. F. Ibarra, San Martín, Silipica, Loreto, Atamisqui, Avellaneda, Salavina, Quebrachos, Mitre, and Aguirre departments; perhaps Buenos Aires and Salta provinces. Population: 60,000 (2000 SIL), decreasing. No monolinguals. Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Santiagueño Quichua. Autonym: Quichua. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 81% with Bolivian or other Quechua. A member of macrolanguage Quechua [que]. Classification: Quechuan, Peripheral Quechua, Chinchay, Southern Chinchay.

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Spanish
[spa] Population: 43,500,000 in Argentina, all users. L1 users: 42,400,000 in Argentina (2017). L2 users: 1,100,000 (2017). Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Alternate Names: Español. Dialects: Portuñol, Portunhol, Rioplatense, Lunfardo, Porteño. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian.

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Tapieté
[tpj] Salta province: Misión Tapieté, San Martín district, Curbita, near Pilcomayo river. Population: 180 in Argentina (2004 census). Ethnic population: 520 (2001 INDEC). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Guarayo, Guasurangue, Tirumbae, Yanaigua, Ñanagua. Classification: Tupian, Tupí-Guaraní, Guaraní, Guaraní.

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Tehuelche
[teh] Chubut province. Population: No known L1 speakers. Last speaker died in the 1960s or 1970s (Crevels 2007). Ethnic population: 10,600 (2004 INDEC). Status: 9 (Dormant). Alternate Names: Aoniken, Gunua-Kena, Gununa-Kena, Gününa Küne, Gününa Yajich, Inaquen, Tewelche. Classification: Chon.

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Toba
[tob] Chaco province: Bermejito, Castelli, Fontana, La Leonesa, Las Palmas, Miraflores, Pampa del Indio, Pcia, Resistencia, Roca, Saenz Peña, San Martín, Tres Isletas; Corrientes province; Formosa province: El Colorado, Misión Laishí, San Carlos; Santa Fe province: Rosario. Population: 30,400 in Argentina (Crevels 2012). No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 69,500 (2004 INDEC). Total users in all countries: 31,580. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Chaco Sur, Namqom, Qoml’ek, Toba Qom, Toba Sur. Autonym: Qom. Dialects: Southeast Toba, Northern Toba, Toba Sur, Toba-Pilagá (Toba Sombrero negro, Toba del Oeste). Classification: Guaykuruan, Southern.

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Vilela
[vil] Chaco province: Resistencia; near Paraguay border. Population: No known L1 speakers. 20 speakers were reported in 1981. 2 semi-speakers remain (Crevels 2007). These semi-speakers are a brother and sister, known only by their initials, ML and GC. They were 74 and 70 in 2008 (Harrison et al 2008). Status: 10 (Extinct). Classification: Language isolate.

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Welsh
[cym] Chubut province. Population: 5,000 in Argentina (2017 N. Rees). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Cymraeg, Galés. Dialects: Patagonian Welsh. Classification: Indo-European, Celtic, Insular, Brythonic.

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Wichí Lhamtés Güisnay
[mzh] Formosa and Salta provinces: Pilcomayo river right bank, near Bolivia border. Population: 15,000 (1999). Ethnic population: 40,000 (2004 INDEC). 40,000 Wichí Güisnay, Wichí Vejoz and Wichí Nocten. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Güisnay, Wichí, “Mataco” (pej.), “Mataco Güisnay” (pej.), “Mataco Pilcomayo” (pej.), “Matako” (pej.). Autonym: Wichí Lhamtés. Classification: Matacoan, Mataco.

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Wichí Lhamtés Nocten
[mtp] Chaco province: General Güemes department; Formosa province: Bermejo, Matacos, Patiño, Ramón Lista departments; Salta province: Anta, Metán, Orán, Rivadavia, and San Martín departments. Population: 100 in Argentina. Many monolinguals. Ethnic population: 40,000 (2004 INDEC). 40,000 Wichí Güisnay, Wichí Vejoz and Wichí Nocten. Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Nocten, Noctenes, Oktenai, “Mataco Nocten” (pej.). Classification: Matacoan, Mataco.

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Wichí Lhamtés Vejoz
[wlv] Chaco, Formosa, Salta, and Jujuy provinces: upper Bermejo river valley and Pilcomayo river. Population: 25,000 (1991 UBS). Ethnic population: 40,000 (2004 INDEC). 40,000 Wichí Güisnay, Wichí Vejoz and Wichí Nocten (2004 INDEC). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Vejos, Vejoz, “Mataco Vejoz” (pej.). Autonym: wichi. Dialects: Bermejo Vejoz. Not intelligible of other Chaco languages. Classification: Matacoan, Mataco.

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Yámana
[yag] Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur province: Extreme south Isla Grande. Population: No known L1 speakers in Argentina. The last Yámana speaker in Argentina either died or relocated to Chile between 1965 and 1970 (Vidal 1999). Status: 10 (Extinct). Alternate Names: Háusi Kúta, Yahgan. Classification: Language isolate.

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Yiddish, Eastern
[ydd] Major cities. Population: The number of people speaking Yiddish is decreasing substantially (2014 L. Moreno). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, Yiddish.

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