Azerbaijan

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Akhvakh
[akv] Zaqatala district: Car municipality, Oxoxdere village. Population: No known L1 speakers in Azerbaijan. Status: 9 (Dormant). Classification: Nakh-Daghestanian, Avar-Andic, Andic.

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Armenian
[hye] Nagorno-Karabakh region, widespread. Population: 120,000 in Azerbaijan (2011 UNSD). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Armjanski, Ermenice, Haieren, Somkhuri. Dialects: Agulis, Julfa (Dschugha, Dschulfa, Dzhulfa), Karabagh (Karabakh), Shamakhi (Schamachi). Classification: Indo-European, Armenian.

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Avar
[ava] Balakan and Zaqatala districts. Population: 46,600 in Azerbaijan (2011 UNSD). Status: 6b* (Threatened). De facto language of provincial identity in Balakan and Zaqatala. Alternate Names: Avaro, Dagestani. Dialects: Zaqatala (Char, Zakataly). Classification: Nakh-Daghestanian, Avar-Andic, Avar.

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Azerbaijani, North
[azj] Population: 8,250,000 in Azerbaijan (2011 UNSD). 4,000,000 monolinguals. Total users in all countries: 9,197,760. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1995, Constitution, Article 21(1)). Alternate Names: Azerbaijan, Azerbaydzhani, Azeri, Azeri Turk. Autonym: Azərbaycan dili, Azərbaycanca. Dialects: Quba, Derbend, Baku, Shamakhi, Salyan, Lenkaran, Qazakh, Airym, Borcala, Terekeme, Qyzylbash, Nukha, Zaqatala (Mugaly), Qabala, Yerevan, Nakhchivan, Ordubad, Ganja, Shusha (Karabakh), Karapapak. Slight dialect differences. Qazakh dialect is not related to Kazakh [kaz]. Significant differences from South Azerbaijani [azb] in phonology, lexicon, morphology, syntax, and loanwords. A member of macrolanguage Azerbaijani [aze]. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Azerbaijani.

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Azerbaijani, South
[azb] Scattered in the south. Population: 294,000 in Azerbaijan (Leclerc 2017b). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Azeri. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Azerbaijani.

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Budukh
[bdk] Quba district: Budukh village. Population: 200 (Bril 2010). Ethnic population: 1,000 (1990 A. Kibrik). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Budug, Budugi, Buduk, Budux, Bukukhi. Dialects: Budukh, Yergyuch. Classification: Nakh-Daghestanian, Lezgic, Nuclear Lezgic, South Lezgic.

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Judeo-Tat
[jdt] Quba district: Baku and Krasnaya Sloboda village; Oguz district: Vartashen village. Population: 8,490 in Azerbaijan (2011 UNSD). Ethnic population: 15,000 (2014 NCRP). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). De facto language of provincial identity in Quba, Baku districts. Alternate Names: Bik, Dzhuhuric, Jewish Tat, Judeo-Tatic, Juhur, Juhuri, Juwri. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Tat.

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Khalaj
[kjf] Lankaran district. Population: Total users in all countries: 50,000. Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern.

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Khinalugh
[kjj] Quba district: Khinalugh village. Population: 1,000 (Salminen 2007). Status: 6b (Threatened). De facto language of provincial identity in Quba District. Alternate Names: Khinalug, Khinalugi, Xinalug. Classification: Nakh-Daghestanian, Khinalugh.

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Kryts
[kry] Quba district: Alyk, Jek, Khaput, Kryz, and Yergyuj villages. Population: 5,000 (Salminen 2007). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Dzek, Dzhek, Dzheki, Katsy, Kryc, Kryz, Kryzy. Dialects: Kryts, Dzhek, Xaput (Khaput), Yergyudzh, Alyk. Dialects quite distinct; perhaps separate languages. Classification: Nakh-Daghestanian, Lezgic, Nuclear Lezgic, South Lezgic.

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Kurdish, Northern
[kmr] Scattered in the Agstafa, Kalbacar, Lachin, Qubadli, and Zangilan districts; many displaced. Population: 6,500 in Azerbaijan (Leclerc 2017b). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Kurdî, Kurmancî, Kurmanji, Red Kurmanji. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Kurdish.

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Lezgi
[lez] Ismayilli, Qabala, Quba, Qusar, and Xacmaz districts; Russian Federation border area; Caucasus southern slopes of main chain. Population: 193,000 in Azerbaijan (Leclerc 2017b). Ethnic population: 350,000 (2014 NCRP). Status: 6b* (Threatened). De facto language of provincial identity in Qusar and Zachmaz. Alternate Names: Kiurinty, Lezghi, Lezgian, Lezgin. Dialects: Quba. Classification: Nakh-Daghestanian, Lezgic, Nuclear Lezgic, East Lezgic.

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Russian
[rus] Scattered. Population: 4,882,000 in Azerbaijan, all users. L1 users: 122,000 in Azerbaijan (2011 UNSD). L2 users: 4,760,000 (Arefyev 2012). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East.

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Rutul
[rut] Qax and Shaki districts. Population: 6,000 in Azerbaijan (2015). Ethnic population: 17,000 (Clarkson and Iurkova 2015). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Provincially recognized language in Qax and Shaki districts. Alternate Names: Knovtsy, Myhadbyr. Dialects: Borsh-Khnov (Mykhad). Classification: Nakh-Daghestanian, Lezgic, Nuclear Lezgic, West Lezgic.

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Talysh
[tly] Astara, Lankaran, Lerik and Masalli districts: Caspian coast south of Viliazh-Chai river. Population: 68,700 in Azerbaijan (2011 UNSD). Total users in all countries: 218,100. Status: 4 (Educational). De facto language of provincial identity in Astara, Lankaran, Lerik, Masally districts. Alternate Names: Talesh, Talish, Talyshi, Tolışə zıvon, Tolish. Autonym: Tolışi‎. Dialects: Astara, Lenkoran, Lerik, Massali. Northern Talyshi in Azerbaijan and Iran. Dialects in Azerbaijan are similar. Dialects in Iran may be separate languages. Reportedly similar to Harzani [hrz]. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Talysh.

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Tat, Muslim
[ttt] Balakan district: Surakhan region on Apsheron peninsula; Baku, Quba, Sizan, and Vartashen cities; Afruja, Chichi, Dagkushu, Genvab, Konakhkend, Lakhij, and Matrasa villages; widespread in mountains near Qonaqkend. Population: 22,800 in Azerbaijan (2011 UNSD). Total users in all countries: 32,810. Status: 6b (Threatened). De facto language of provincial identity in Quba, Shabran, Siazan. Alternate Names: Muslim Tat, Mussulman Tati, Tati. Dialects: Quba, Devechi, Qonaqkend, Qyzyl Qazma, Aruskush-Daqqushchu (Khyzy), Absheron, Balakhani, Surakhani, Lahyj, Malham. Difficult intelligibility of Judeo-Tat [jdt]. Reportedly similar to Farsi [pes]. Balakhani are recent exiles from Iran. Lahyj dialect may be a separate language. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Tat.

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Tsakhur
[tkr] Qax and Zaqatala districts. 22 villages. Population: 11,700 in Azerbaijan (2011 UNSD). Ethnic population: 30,000 (2017). Total users in all countries: 22,300. Status: 6b (Threatened). Provincially recognized language in Zaqatala and Qax districts. Alternate Names: C’aiχna miz, Caxur, Sakhur, Saxur dili, Ts’axna miz, Tsakhna Miz, Tsakhury, Tsaxur, Yıqbışda miz, Yedna Miz, Yikbi, Yiksum, Yiqny Miz, Yiqsum, cʼäxna miz. Autonym: Ts‘əxna miz. Dialects: Muslax, Mishlesh, Cinix, Kalyal Muxax, Suvagil, Subunchi. Classification: Nakh-Daghestanian, Lezgic, Nuclear Lezgic, West Lezgic.

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Udi
[udi] Oguz and Qabala districts: Mirzabeyli, Niç, and Oghuz. Population: 3,800 in Azerbaijan (2011 UNSD). Ethnic population: 7,000 (1990 DOBES). Total users in all countries: 6,180. Status: 5 (Developing). De facto language of provincial identity in Qabala District. Alternate Names: Udin, Uti, udin muz. Dialects: Oghuz (Vartashen), Nidzh (Nic, Nij, Nizh). Oktomberi dialect more divergent from Nic Udi than from Oghuz Udi. One of the most divergent Lezgian (Lezgic) languages. Classification: Nakh-Daghestanian, Lezgic, Udi.

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