Bahrain

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Arabic, Baharna Spoken
[abv] Widespread. 720,000 (2013). Total users in all countries: 730,000. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Baharna, Baharnah, Bahraini Shi’ite Arabic. Autonym: العربية البحرانية‎ (Arab Bahraini). Dialects: Sunni Spoken Arabic. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Muslim.

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Arabic, Gulf Spoken
[afb] Widespread. 180,000 (2013). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Gulf Arabic. Dialects: Bahraini Gulf Arabic. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous. Used primarily by the Sunni population, which is largely of Bedouin descent (Bassiouney 2009). Muslim, Christian.

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Arabic, Standard
[arb] Widespread. 612,000 in Bahrain (2013 SIL), all users. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2002, Constitution, Article 2). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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English
[eng] Widespread. 16,600 (2013). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Gujarati
[guj] Scattered. 20,400 (2013). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Gujarati. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Persian, Iranian
[pes] Al-Manāmah and Al-Muharraq governorates. 144,000 (2013). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Ajamic. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian. Comments: Non-indigenous. Descendants of Persians of the post-Ottoman pre-British era when Bahrain belonged to Persia and later Iran. Muslim.

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