Benin

Print
Aguna
[aug] Collines department: southern border areas; Coufou department: Aplahoue commune; Zou department: Djidja commune, Agouna village area. Population: 14,000 in Benin (2014 SIL). Total users in all countries: 28,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Aguna-gbe, Agunaco, Awuna. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Left Bank, Gbe.

More Information

Aja
[ajg] Coufou department: Aplahoué, Djakotomè, Dogbo, Klouékanmè, Lalo, and Tovinklin communes on Mono river; Mono department: Athiémè, Houéyogbé communes; Zou department: Agbangnizoun and Djidja communes; Cotonou and many southern mixed-language towns. Population: 943,000 in Benin (2016). Total users in all countries: 1,133,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Adja, Hwè. Autonym: Ajagbe. Dialects: Dogbo, Hwe (Ehoue), Tado (Tadou), Sikpi (Shikpi), Tala. The Hwe, Sikpi, and Tado dialects are linguistically very similar; Dogbo and Tala distinct from the other 3. Lexical similarity: 92% with Hwe-Sikpi dialect, 89% with Hwe-Dogbo dialect, Hwe-Tado dialect, and Hwe-Tala dialect. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Left Bank, Gbe, Aja.

More Information

American Sign Language
[ase] Scattered. Population: 12,500 in Benin (2008 WFD). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: ASL, Benin Sign Language, LSAF, Langue des signes de l’Afrique francophone. Classification: Sign language.

More Information

Anii
[blo] Donga department: Bassila commune northwest, on Togo border, and 18 area villages. Population: 33,600 in Benin (2011 SIL). Total users in all countries: 48,900. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Baseca, Basila, Bassila, Gisida, “Ouinji-Ouinji” (pej.), “Winji-Winji” (pej.). Autonym: Anii. Dialects: Giseda (Bassila), Gifolanga (Guiguisso), Frinyio ka gija (Frignion), Gikodowarja (Kodowari), Gipenesulja (Pénéssoulou), Gipenelanja (Pénélan), Naagayili ka gija (Nagayilé), Gibodija (Bodi), Gibayaakuja (Bayaku), Gideenguja (Dengou), Ngmeelang ka gija (Melan), Gisaramangaja (Saramanga), Agerendebu ka gija (Agéréndébou), Giborokoja (Mboroko), Yaari ka gija (Yarí). Giseda is the main dialect that adults understand. Higher intelligibility among the dialects in the north. Lexical similarity: 89% with the Bodi dialect and 74% with the Balanka dialect. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Nyo, Potou-Tano, Basila-Adele.

More Information

Anufo
[cko] Atacora department: Boukoumbée and Cobly communes, a few villages. Population: 13,800 in Benin (2002 SIL). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Chakosi, Chokosi, Chokossi, Tchokossi. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Nyo, Potou-Tano, Tano, Central, Bia, Northern.

More Information

Baatonum
[bba] Alibori department: central and southeast; Atacora department: east; Borgou department: Bembereke, Kalale, N’Dali, Nikki, Parakou, Sinende, Perere, and east Tchaourou communes; Donga department: Djougou commune. Population: 896,000 in Benin (2016). Total users in all countries: 996,000. Status: 3 (Wider communication). Alternate Names: Baatombu, Baatonu, Barba, Barganchi, Bargawa, Bargu, Bariba, Baruba, Berba, Bogung, Burgu. Autonym: Baatonum. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Gur, Bariba.

More Information

Biali
[beh] Atacora department: Cobly, Materi, and Tanguieta communes; Collines department: Ouessi commune; Donga department: small border area west of Oueme river. Population: 155,000 in Benin (2016). Total users in all countries: 159,080. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Berba, Bialaba, Bieri, Bjerb, Bjeri, Byali. Autonym: Biali. Dialects: Dassari, Gouande, Materi, Pingou, Tihoun, Tangeta, Porga. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Gur, Central, Northern, Oti-Volta, Eastern.

More Information

Boko
[bqc] Alibori and Borgou departments: Kalale and Segbana communes. Population: 100,000 in Benin (2013 R. Jones). 28,800 monolinguals. Total users in all countries: 150,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bokonya. Autonym: Bo’o. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 87% with Bisã [bqp], 89% with Bokobaru [bus], 62% with Shanga [sho], 59% with Kyanga [tye], 62% with Bisa [bib] in Burkina Faso and Ghana. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Eastern, Eastern, Busa.

More Information

Dendi
[ddn] Alibori and Atacora departments: Djougou, Parakou, and other towns north along Medru and Niger rivers down to Kandi. Population: 255,000 in Benin (2016). Total users in all countries: 257,050. Status: 3 (Wider communication). Alternate Names: Dandawa. Autonym: Songhay. Dialects: Closely related to Zarma [dje] and Songhay [hmb]. They form a dialect subgroup. Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Songhai, Southern.

More Information

Ditammari
[tbz] Atacora department: Boukoumbé and Natitingou communes; Borgou and Donga departments: along Djougou-Parakou road. Population: 141,000 in Benin (2016). Total users in all countries: 175,300. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Ditamari, Tamari, “Somba” (pej.). Autonym: Ditammari. Dialects: Eastern Ditammari, Western Ditammari (Tamberma). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Gur, Central, Northern, Oti-Volta, Eastern.

More Information

Ede Cabe
[cbj] Borgou department: Tchaourou commune; Collines department: Ouèssè and Savè communes along Okrara river west bank; north Plateau department: Ketou commune. Population: 2,240 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Caabe, Cabe, Tchabè. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 76% with Yoruba of Porto-Novo [yor]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Defoid, Yoruboid, Edekiri.

More Information

Ede Ica
[ica] Collines department: northwest Bante commune; Donga department; south border areas scattered. Population: 63,000 (2002 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ica. Dialects: Ica, Ilodji (Ife). Lexical similarity: 83% with Yoruba of Porto-Novo [yor]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Defoid, Yoruboid, Edekiri.

More Information

Ede Idaca
[idd] Collines department: Dassa-Zoume and Glazoué communes, west Ouémé river. Population: 162,000 (2016). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Idaaca, Idaasa, Idaasha, Idaatcha, Idaca, Idáìtsà. Autonym: Ìdàáshà. Dialects: Idàáshà, Idàátchà. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Defoid, Yoruboid, Edekiri.

More Information

Ede Ije
[ijj] Plateau department: Kétou and Pobè communes and rural districts; Zou department: Ouihni and Zogbodomey communes. Population: 147,000 (2016). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Holi, Ije. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 85% with Yoruba of Porto-Novo [yor], 91% with Ede Nago [nqg]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Defoid, Yoruboid, Edekiri.

More Information

Ede Nago, Kura
[nqk] Donga department: Bassila commune, Aledjo Koura village area on Togo border. Population: 25,000 (2002 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kura, Nago. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 78% with Ife [ife] of Tchetti, 76% with Northern Nago [xkb], 68% with Yoruba [yor] of Porto-Novo, 65% with Southern Nago [nqg]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Defoid, Yoruboid, Edekiri.

More Information

Fon
[fon] Widespread. Atlantique, Littoral and Zou departments. Population: 1,900,000 in Benin (2016). Total users in all countries: 1,935,500. Status: 3 (Wider communication). Alternate Names: Dahomeen. Autonym: Fongbe. Dialects: Agbome, Arohun, Gbekon, Kpase. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Left Bank, Gbe, Fon.

More Information

Foodo
[fod] Donga department: Ouaké commune, Semere town area. Population: 24,500 in Benin (2002 SIL). Total users in all countries: 25,500. Status: 5* (Developing). Autonym: Fóodo. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Nyo, Potou-Tano, Tano, Guang, North Guang.

More Information

French
[fra] Population: 3,836,700 in Benin, all users. L1 users: 16,700 in Benin (Johnstone 1993). L2 users: 3,820,000 (2016). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1990, Constitution, Article 1). Alternate Names: Français. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French.

More Information

Fulfulde, Borgu
[fue] Alibori department: Segbama commune; Borgou department: Nikki commune; scattered communities in Atacora, Collines, Donga, and Zou departments. Borgou, north of N’Dali (Bakuure dialect); central and south Borgou, Parakou area (Korakuure dialect); Donga-Atacora area from Djougou north to Burkina border (Djougoure dialect); Zou department (Tchabankeere dialect). Population: 604,000 in Benin (2016). Most monolinguals are in Borgou Department, Nikki Commune. Total users in all countries: 652,200. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Benin-Togo Fulfulde, Fulbe-Borgu, Peul, Peulh. Autonym: Fulfulde. Dialects: Bakuure, Korakuure, Djougoure (Juguure), Tchabankeere (Caabankeere). A member of macrolanguage Fulah [ful]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Senegambian, Fula-Wolof, Fula, West Central.

More Information

Fulfulde, Gorgal
[fuh] Alibori department: north. Population: 30,000 in Benin. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Fulfulde, Peul, Peulh, Western Niger Fulfulde. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Senegambian, Fula-Wolof, Fula, East Central.

More Information

Gbe, Ayizo
[ayb] Atlantique department: largest areas; Coufou and Zou departments: Lalo and Zogbodomey communes. Population: 462,000 (2016). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ayizo, Ayizo-Gbe, Ayzo. Autonym: Ayizo Gbe. Dialects: Kadagbe (Kada-Gbe), Ayizo-Seto (Sèto), Ayizo-Tori, Ayizo-Kobe. Reportedly similar to Fon [fon]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Left Bank, Gbe, Aja.

More Information

Gbe, Ci
[cib] Coufou department: Lalo commune. Population: 25,000 (2002 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ayizo-Ci, Ci, Cigbe, Tchi. Dialects: None known. Considered the same as Fon [fon] by many Ci Gbe speakers. Lexical similarity: 80% with Fon [fon], 77% with Ayizo Gbe [ayb], 59% with Aja [ajg]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Left Bank, Gbe.

More Information

Gbe, Defi
[gbh] Ouémé department: Seme-Kpodji commune between Ouémé river north, Cotonou-Porto-Novo railroad west, Gulf of Guinea south. Population: 13,500 (2002 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Dialects: None known. Defi is reportedly similar linguistically to Gun [guw]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Left Bank, Gbe, Aja.

More Information

Gbe, Eastern Xwla
[gbx] Atlantique department: Lake Nokwe south shore; Littoral department: east Cotonou; Ouémé department: Seme-Kpodji commune east of Cotonou. Population: 80,000 (2002). Total Xwla Gbe: 153,000 (2016). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Houla, Kpla, Offra, Ophra, Phla, Pla, Popo, Xwla. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 90% with Gun [guw], 82% with Fon [fon], 68% with Gen [gej], 68% with Aja [ajg]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Left Bank, Gbe.

More Information

Gbe, Gbesi
[gbs] Atlantique department: Allada, Kpomassè, and Tori-Bossito communes, individual and mixed villages. Population: 65,000 (2002 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Dialects: Gbokpa. Lexical similarity: 91% with Kotafon [kqk], 85% with Fon [fon], 73% with Aja [ajg], 70% with Gen [gej]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Left Bank, Gbe.

More Information

Gbe, Kotafon
[kqk] Coufou department: Djakotomey and Lalo communes; Mono department: Athiémé, Houeyogbe, and eastern Bopa communes, Lake Aheme area. Population: 154,000 (2016). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ko, Kogbe. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 82% with Gbe Ayizo [ayb], 81% with Fon [fon], 69% with Gen [gej], 65% with Aja [ajg]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Left Bank, Gbe.

More Information

Gbe, Maxi
[mxl] Collines department: Bantè, Dassa-Zoume, Glazoué Ouèssèi, and Savalou communes; Donga department: Bassila commune. Population: 342,000 in Benin (2016). Total users in all countries: 367,300. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Mahi, Maxi, Maxi-Gbe. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 80% with Fon [fon], 68% with Ayizo Gbe [ayb], 51% with Aja [ajg]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Left Bank, Gbe, Fon.

More Information

Gbe, Saxwe
[sxw] Atlantique department: Kpomasse commune; Coufou department: Lalo commune; Mono department: Bopa and Houéyogbé communes. Population: 279,000 (2016). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Sahouè, Sahouègbe, Saxwɛ, Saxwe, Saxwe-Gbe, Saxwegbe, Tsaphe, Tsaphe -Gbe, Tsáphɛ. Autonym: Saxwɛgbe. Dialects: Saxwe, Daxe, Se. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Left Bank, Gbe.

More Information

Gbe, Tofin
[tfi] Atlantique department: Sô-Ava commune southeast; Ouémé department: Aguegue commune. Population: 136,000 (2016). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Tofi, Tofin, Tofingbe. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 88% with Gun [guw], 87% with Fon [fon], 82% with Eastern Xwla Gbe [xwe], 75% with Ayizo Gbe [ayb], 66% with Gen [gej]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Left Bank, Gbe, Aja.

More Information

Gbe, Waci
[wci] Mono department: Comè commune; some in Athiémè and Grand-Popo communes. Population: 58,300 in Benin (2016). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ouatchi, Waci, Waci-Gbe, Watyu. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Left Bank, Gbe.

More Information

Gbe, Weme
[wem] Atlantique department: Abomey-Calavi and Zè communes; Ouémé department: Adjohoun, Bonou, Dangbo communes along lower Ouémé river, some in Aguégué, Akpro-Missérété communes; Plateau department: Adja-Ouere commune. Population: 270,000 (2016). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Weme, Weme-Gbe, Wéménugbé. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Left Bank, Gbe, Aja.

More Information

Gbe, Western Xwla
[xwl] Atlantique department: Ouidah commune; Littoral department: Cotonou; Mono department: Grand-Popo commune. Population: 50,000 in Benin (2002). Total Xwla Gbe: 153,000 (2016). Total users in all countries: 71,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Phla, Xwla, Xwla-Gbe. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 86% with Gun [guw], 84% with Fon [fon], 73% with Gen [gej], 68% with Aja [ajg], 90% with Eastern Xwela Gbe [gbx], 88% with Saxwe Gbe [sxw]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Left Bank, Gbe.

More Information

Gbe, Xwela
[xwe] Atlantique department: Kpomassè and Ouidah communes; Mono department: Comé commune near Lake Aheme, southernmost Bopa commune. Population: 80,600 (2016). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Houeda, Peda, Phera, Xwela, Xwela-Gbe. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 90% with Western Xwla [xwl], 85% with Fon [fon], 71% with Gen [gej], 82% with Saxwe [sxw], 68% with Aja [ajg]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Left Bank, Gbe.

More Information

Gen
[gej] Atlantique and Mono departments. Population: 124,000 in Benin (2016). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Alternate Names: Ge, Gegbe, Gen-Gbe, Guin, Mina, Mina-Gen, Popo. Dialects: Anexo, Agoi, Gen, Gliji. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Left Bank, Gbe, Mina.

More Information

Gourmanchéma
[gux] Alibori department: Banikouara and Karimama communes; Atacora department: Cobly, Kérou, Materi, and Tanguieta communes. Population: 58,200 in Benin (2016). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Goulmancema, Gourma, Gourmantche, Gulimancema, Gurma, Migulimancema. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Gur, Central, Northern, Oti-Volta, Gurma.

More Information

Gun
[guw] Ouémé department: Adjarra, Akpro-Missérété, Avrankou, Porto-Novo communes; Plateau department: Sakete commune. Population: 675,000 in Benin (2016). Total users in all countries: 934,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Egun, Goun, Gu, Gugbe, Gun-Alada, Gun-Gbe. Autonym: Gungbe. Dialects: Ajra, Alada (Alada-Gbe), Seto (Seto-Gbe), Toli (Toli-Gbe). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Left Bank, Gbe, Aja.

More Information

Hausa
[hau] Widespread north: Alibori, Atacora, Borgou, and Donga departments, mainly in larger towns, market villages. Population: Ethnic population: 800,000 (2006 J. Leclerc). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, West, A, A.1.

More Information

Ifè
[ife] Collines department: western Savalou commune, Tchetti town area. Population: 43,600 in Benin (2016). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Ana, Ana-Ife, Anago, Baate, Ede Ife. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Defoid, Yoruboid, Edekiri.

More Information

Kabiyè
[kbp] Donga department: Bassila, Djougou, and Ouaké communes, scattered villages. Population: 9,300 in Benin (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Cabrai, Cabrais, Kabre, Kabure, Kabye. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Gur, Central, Southern, Grusi, Eastern.

More Information

Kyanga
[tye] Alibori department: Segbana commune, Kasati, Tungan Bage, and Tungan Noma towns. Population: 1,000 in Benin (1995 R. Jones). Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Cenka, Kyenga, Tyenga. Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Eastern, Eastern, Kyanga.

More Information

Lama
[las] Atacora department: Boukoumbé commune, northwest of Boukoumbé town, scattered villages; Donga department: Bassila and Djougou communes. Population: 60,000 in Benin (2006 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Lamba, Losso. Dialects: Kande (Kante), Kadjala (Kadjalla). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Gur, Central, Southern, Grusi, Eastern.

More Information

Lukpa
[dop] Borgou department: Tchaouroue commune; Donga department: Bassila, Ouake communes, Kémérida area, border areas west of Djougou town. Population: 133,000 in Benin (2016). Total users in all countries: 150,900. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Dompago, Legba, Logba, Lokpa, Lugba, Yoa-Lokpa. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Gur, Central, Southern, Grusi, Eastern.

More Information

Mbelime
[mql] Atacora department: Boukoumbé commune, Dipoli and Korontière subdivisions, 5 villages; Cobly commune, Cobly, Datori, Kountori, and Tapoga subdivisions, 26 villages. Population: 37,600 in Benin (Tchegnon and Guidibi 2006), increasing. Total users in all countries: 39,900. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bebelibe, Bèbèdibè, Mbilme, Mbèlimè, Oubièlo, Ubielo, “M’Bermè” (pej.), “Niende” (pej.), “Niendi” (pej.), “Niendé” (pej.), “Nyende” (pej.). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Gur, Central, Northern, Oti-Volta, Eastern.

More Information

Miyobe
[soy] Atacora department: Boukombe, Kounde communes; Donga department: Copargo commune. Population: 1,350 in Benin (2014 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 16,250. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bijobe, Biyobe, Kayobe, Kuyobe, Meyobe, Sola, Solamba, Solla, Sorouba, Soruba, Uyobe. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 27% with Moba [mfq], 25% with Ditammari [tbz], 47% with Ngangam [gng]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Gur, Central, Northern, Oti-Volta, Gurma.

More Information

Mokole
[mkl] Alibori department: Kandi commune, Kandi town, villages north and east. Population: 34,200 (2016). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Féri, Mɔ̄kɔ́lé, Mokollé, Mokolé, Mokwale, Monkole. Autonym: Ede-Mɔkɔle. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Defoid, Yoruboid, Edekiri.

More Information

Nago, Northern
[xkb] Borgou department: Tchaourou commune; Donga department: Bantè commune south of Bassila town, Bassila commune south and west of Bassila town. Population: 30,000 in Benin (2002). All Nago: 732,000 (2016). Total users in all countries: 70,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ana, Manigri, Manigri-Kambolé Ede Nago. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 87%–91% with Ede Nago [nqk], 77% with Yoruba [yor] of Porto-Novo, 78% with Ife [ife] of Tchetti. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Defoid, Yoruboid, Edekiri.

More Information

Nago, Southern
[nqg] Ouémé department: Akpro-Misserete and Avrankou communes; Plateau department: widespread, Adja-Ouèrè, Ifangni, Kétou, Pobè, and Sakété communes; Zou department: Ouinhi commune. Population: 200,000 (2002). All Nago: 732,000 (2016). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ede Nago, Nago, Nagot, Nagots. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 87%–91% with Yoruba [yor] of Porto-Novo. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Defoid, Yoruboid, Edekiri.

More Information

Nateni
[ntm] Atacora department: Cobly, Kouandé, Matéri, Tanguiéta, and Toucountouna communes. Cobly, Matéri, and Tanguiéta communes (Kuntemba dialect); Toucountouna commune (Natemba dialect); Tanguiéta and Kouandé communes (Okoma dialect); Matéri, and Tanguiéta communes (Tayaba dialect). Population: 97,300 (2016). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Naténi. Autonym: Naàteǹni. Dialects: Nateni (Natemba, Natimba), Tayari (Tayaba), Kunteni (Kuntemba), Okoni (Okoma). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Gur, Central, Northern, Oti-Volta, Gurma.

More Information

Ngangam
[gng] Atacora department: Cobly commune. Population: 20,000 in Benin (2002 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Dye, Gamgan. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Gur, Central, Northern, Oti-Volta, Gurma.

More Information

Notre
[bly] Atacora department: Tanguiéta commune, north, northwest, northeast of Tanguiéta town. Population: 1,500 (2002 SIL). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Boulba, Bulba, Burusa, Nootre. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Gur, Central, Northern, Oti-Volta, Western, Nootre.

More Information

Tchumbuli
[bqa] Collines department: Ouèssè and Savè communes, Edaningbe, Gbede, and Okounfo villages. Population: 2,500 (2000 SIL). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Basa, Chombulon, Tchombolo, Tshummbuli. Dialects: Cobecha, Tchumbuli. Lexical similarity: 80% with Chumburung [ncu]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Kwa, Nyo, Potou-Tano, Tano, Guang, North Guang.

More Information

Tem
[kdh] Widespread, especially north. Population: 13,300 in Benin (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Alternate Names: Cotocoli, Kotokoli, Tembe, Tim, Timu. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Gur, Central, Southern, Grusi, Eastern.

More Information

Waama
[wwa] Atacora department: Mouande, Natitingou, and Toucountouna communes; Pehonko commune, at least 20 villages; Cotonou, Parakou area. Population: 109,000 (2016). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Wama, Yoabou, Yoabu. Autonym: Waama. Dialects: Waama, Tangamma. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Gur, Central, Northern, Oti-Volta, Eastern.

More Information

Yom
[pil] Atacora department: Kouande, Natingou, and Pehonko communes; Borgou department: N’Dali commune; Donga department: Copargo and Djougou communes, south into Bassila commune. Population: 352,000, all users. L1 users: 202,000 (2016). Includes 199,000 Yom and 2,880 Taneka (2016). L2 users: 150,000. Almost no monolinguals. Ethnic population: 300,000. 230,000 Yowa; 70,000 Tangma. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Kpilakpila, Pila, Pilapila. Autonym: Yom. Dialects: Tangerem (Taneka), Yom. Yom and Tangerem dialects are very similar. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Gur, Central, Northern, Oti-Volta, Yom-Nawdm.

More Information

Yoruba
[yor] Widespread. Porto-Novo city, towns, and major villages. Population: 199,000 in Benin (2016). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Alternate Names: Yariba, Yooba, Yorouba, Yorùbá, Èdè Yorùbá. Dialects: Egba. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Defoid, Yoruboid, Edekiri.

More Information

Page Views Left: