Brunei

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Belait
[beg] Belait district: scattered; Tutong district: Kampung Kiudang. Population: 1,240 (2004 J. Leclerc). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Balait Jati, Lemeting, Metting, Tau’ kitah. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 54% with Tutong [ttg]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, North Borneo, North Sarawakan, Berawan-Lower Baram, Lower Baram, Central, A.

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Bisaya, Brunei
[bsb] Belait and Tutong districts: central and interior areas south of Tutong [ttg] language area; Seria town and villages near Sarawak border (Brunei dialect). Population: 37,600 in Brunei (2007 SIL). Total users in all countries: 57,600. Status: 5* (Developing). De facto language of national identity. Alternate Names: Basaya, Bekiau, Besaya, Bisaia, Bisaya, Bisaya Bukit, Bisayah, Dusun, Jilama Bawang, Jilama Sungai, Lorang Bukit, Southern Bisaya, Tutong, Visayak. Dialects: Brunei Bisaya, Sarawak Bisaya, Tutong 1. Lexical similarity: 78% with dialects spoken in Brunei and Sarawak, lower with other Dusunic languages. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, North Borneo, Sabahan, Dusunic, Bisaya-Lotud, Southern.

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Brunei
[kxd] Widespread. Population: 295,000 in Brunei (2004 J. Leclerc), increasing. Total users in all countries: 346,000. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Brunei-Kadayan, Orang Bukit. Autonym: Bahasa Melayu Brunei, بهاس ملايو بروني‎ (Bahasa Melayu Brunei). Dialects: Brunei Malay, Kadayan (Kadaian, Kadian, Kadien, Kadyan, Karayan, Kedayan, Kedien, Kedyan, Kerayan), Kampong Ayer. Lexical similarity: 94%–95% between Brunei and the Kampong Ayer dialects, 80%–82% with Standard Malay [zsm]. A member of macrolanguage Malay [msa]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Malayo-Chamic, Malayic, Malay.

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Chinese, Hakka
[hak] Major cities. Population: 3,000 in Brunei (2004 J. Leclerc). Status: 5* (Developing). Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese.

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Chinese, Mandarin
[cmn] Major cities. Population: 13,200 in Brunei (2004 J. Leclerc). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese.

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Chinese, Min Dong
[cdo] Major cities. Population: 6,000 in Brunei (2004 J. Leclerc). Status: 5* (Developing). Dialects: Foochow. Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese.

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Chinese, Min Nan
[nan] Major cities. Population: 13,300 in Brunei (2004 J. Leclerc). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Banlamgi, Min Nan, Minnan. Dialects: Hainan, Teochew (Chaochow, Tiuchiu), Hokkien (Fujian). Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese.

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Chinese, Yue
[yue] Major cities. Population: 6,300 in Brunei (2004 J. Leclerc). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Cantonese. Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese.

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English
[eng] Population: 144,000 in Brunei, all users. L1 users: 10,000 in Brunei (Crystal 2003a). L2 users: 134,000 (Crystal 2003a). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national working language (1984, Constitution, Article 82(2)). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English.

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Iban
[iba] Belait and Tutong districts: rural areas; Temburong district. Population: 17,300 in Brunei (2004 J. Leclerc). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Sea Dayak. Dialects: Batang Lupar, Bugau. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Malayo-Chamic, Malayic, Ibanic.

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Lun Bawang
[lnd] Temburong district: Brunei Bay to Padas, then to Baram river headwaters. 7 villages. Population: 500 in Brunei (2006 SIL). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Buri tau, Buri’ Lun Bawang, Buri’ Lun Dayeh, Lun Daya, Lun Dayah, Lun Daye, Lun Dayoh, Lundaya, Southern Murut. Dialects: Trusan, Long Iluk, Lun Ba. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, North Borneo, North Sarawakan, Dayic, Kelabitic.

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Malay, Standard
[zsm] Population: Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1984, Constitution, Article 82(1)). Alternate Names: Bahasa Malaysia, Formal Malay, Malay, Malayu, Melayu, Melayu Baku. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Malayo-Chamic, Malayic, Malay.

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Melanau, Central
[mel] Kuala Belait town area. Population: 280 in Brunei (2006 SIL). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Belana’u, Melanau, Milanau, Milano. Dialects: Mukah-Oya (Muka, Mukah, Oga, Oya, Oya’). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, North Borneo, Melanau-Kajang, Melanau.

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Penan, Eastern
[pez] Belait district: west of Baram river. Population: 55 in Brunei (2003 P. Sercombe). Status: 6b (Threatened). Dialects: Nibong (Nibon, Penan Nibong), Bok Penan (Bok), Penan Silat, Penan Gang (Gang), Penan Lusong (Lusong), Sipeng (Speng), Penan Lanying, Jelalong Penan. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, North Borneo, North Sarawakan, Kayan-Kenyah, Penan.

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Tutong
[ttg] Belait district; Tutong district: Tutong town coastal area. Population: 16,600 (2006 SIL). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Tutung. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 54% with Belait [beg] in Malaysia. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, North Borneo, North Sarawakan, Berawan-Lower Baram, Lower Baram, Central, B.

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