Canada

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Canada
A country in Americas
The number of individual languages listed for Canada is 94. All are living languages. Of these, 77 are indigenous and 17 are non-indigenous. Furthermore, 5 are institutional, 12 are developing, 2 are vigorous, 41 are in trouble, and 34 are dying.
Population

35,158,000 (2014 census)

Principal Languages
English, French
Literacy Rate
99% (2011 USDS)
Immigrant Languages
Afrikaans (9,810), Akan (14,600), Amharic (19,200), Arabic (374,000), Armenian (31,700), Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (5,000), Belarusan (580), Bengali (64,500), Bosnian (12,200), Bulgarian (19,600), Central Khmer (21,100), Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, Corsican, Croatian (52,300), Czech (24,500), Danish (14,900), Dutch (121,000), Eastern Punjabi (460,000), Finnish (18,500), Frisian (2,200), Greek (118,000), Gujarati (101,000), Haitian Creole (102,000), Hakka Chinese (5,460), Hebrew (20,200), Hindi (106,000), Hmong Njua, Hungarian (71,100), Icelandic (1,670), Ilocano (19,500), Iranian Persian (177,000), Italian (438,000), Japanese (43,000), Judeo-Moroccan Arabic, Kannada (3,140), Konkani (3,540), Korean (143,000), Lao (14,200), Latgalian, Lithuanian (7,600), Macedonian (18,300), Malay (11,900), Malayalam (17,700), Maltese (7,000), Mandarin Chinese (255,000), Marathi (6,660), Min Nan Chinese (18,800), Najdi Spoken Arabic (20,000), Northern Kurdish (10,300), Northern Pashto (13,100), Norwegian (6,280), Nung, Polish (201,000), Pontic, Portuguese (226,000), Romanian (93,100), Russian (170,000), Serbian (58,500), Sindhi (12,900), Sinhala (15,700), Slovak (18,500), Slovene (11,300), Somali (33,700), Southeastern Dinka (15,900), Southwestern Caribbean Creole English, Spanish (439,000), Standard Estonian (6,610), Standard Latvian (6,460), Swahili (12,100), Swedish (8,100), Sylheti, Tamil (143,000), Telugu (10,700), Thai (8,420), Tigrigna (10,800), Tongan, Turkish (31,200), Turoyo, Ukrainian (120,000), Urdu (194,000), Vietnamese (153,000), Vlax Romani, Welsh (1,440), Western Punjabi
Deaf Population
1,704,500
General References
Campbell 1997, Campbell and King 2011, Chafe 1962, Chafe 1965, Golla 2007, Harrison and Marmen 1996
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Canada is 94. All are living languages. Of these, 77 are indigenous and 17 are non-indigenous. Furthermore, 5 are institutional, 12 are developing, 2 are vigorous, 41 are in trouble, and 34 are dying.
Products
See full country report.
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