Congo

Print
Aka
[axk] Cuvette, Likouala, and Sangha departments. 15,000 (Cavalli-Sforza 1986). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Babinga, Beka, Binga, Mòáka, Yaka. Dialects: Basese (Eastern Aka), Bambenzele (Western Aka). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngondi (C.104). Comments: Mraka (sg.), Beka (pl.). Different from the Baka [bkc] language of Cameroon and Gabon, which is Ubangi. Possibly more than one pygmy language in Congo. Nomadic. Pygmies. Traditional religion.

More Information

Akwa
[akw] Cuvette department: Makoua district; Cuvette-Ouest department: east. 36,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6b (Threatened). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mboshi (C.22).

More Information

American Sign Language
[ase] Scattered. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: ASL, Langue des signes américaine, Langue des signes congolaise, Langue des signes du Congo. Classification: Sign language. Comments: Non-indigenous. Some early influence in the 1970s from French Sign Language [fsl], but now predominately consists of signs from ASL together with local signs, plus influence from French [fra] on the grammar in some contexts (1997 S. Dalle). Degree of difference from standard ASL and from ASL (or languages derived from ASL) in other African countries has not been determined.

More Information

Beembe
[beq] Bouenza department: Mabgombo and Mouyondzi districts, Kingoué and Sibiti; Pool department: northwest of Brazzaville. 100,000 (2007 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bembe, Kibeembe. Dialects: Keenge (Kikeenge, Kinkeenge), Yari (Kiyari). Dialect subgroup. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.11). Comments: Different from Bembe [bmb] of Democratic Republic of the Congo.

More Information

Bekwel
[bkw] Sangha department: on Cameroon border, near Gabon border, almost to Ouesso. 12,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 16,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bakwele, Bakwil, Bekwil. Dialects: Zalagee, Ebaa, Mekwoob, Mebeeza, Koolo. Reportedly similar to Mpumpong [mgg]. Lexical similarity: 85% with Koonzime [ozm]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.85). Comments: Different from Baakpe [bri] (Bakwiri) of Cameroon. Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Bobangi
[bni] Cuvette department: Mossaka district, on Congo river; Likouala department: Epena district. 90,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bangi, Bubangi, Bungi, Dzamba, Lobobangi, Rebu, Zamba. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Bangi-Ntomba (C.32).

More Information

Bomitaba
[zmx] Likouala department: Epena district, along Likouala-aux-Herbes river. 14,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 14,220. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Bamitaba, Leke, Mbomitaba, Mbomotaba. Dialects: Northern Bomitaba (Matoki), Central Bomitaba (Epena). Related to Bongili [bui]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngondi (C.14). Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Bomwali
[bmw] Sangha department: Ouesso district. 42,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 48,100. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bomali, Boumoali, Bumali, Lino, Sangasanga, Sanghasangha. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.87).

More Information

Bongili
[bui] Cuvette and Likouala departments; Sangha department: Sangha river area, southeast of Ouesso, to Pikounda area; Liouesso district. 9,800 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bokiba, Bongiri, Bungili, Bungiri. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngondi (C.15). Comments: Different from Bukongo [bkj] of Central African Republic.

More Information

Bonjo
[bok] Likouala department: Dongou and Impfondo districts, Ibenga, Oubangui, and Motaba river areas. 3,000. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Impfondo, Mbonzo. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngondi (C.143).

More Information

Bwisi
[bwz] Niari department: Kibangou district, Banda area on Gabon border. 3,020 (2000). Total users in all countries: 4,250. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ibwisi, Mbwisi. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Shira-Punu (B.401). Comments: Different from Talinga-Bwisi [tlj] of Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda.

More Information

Dibole
[bvx] Cuvette department; Likouala department: south Epena district; 16 villages. 4,000 (Leitch 2004). 800 monolinguals (Leitch 2004). Ethnic population: 4,000. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Babole, Southern Bomitaba. Dialects: Northern Dibole (Dzeke), Central Dibole (Kinami), Southern Dibole (Bouanila). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngondi (C.101). Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Doondo
[dde] Bouenza department: Boko-Songho, Madingou, and Mfouati districts; Pool department, southwest Mindouli district. 30,000 (2007 census). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Dondo, Kidoondo. Dialects: Boko-Songho, Mfouati, Kimbedi, Kinkeenge. Part of Kongo subgroup. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.112). Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Fang
[fan] Sangha department. 8,100 (2007). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Pahouin, Pamue. Dialects: Make, Ntum (Ntumu), Ogowe. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Ewondo-Fang (A.75). Comments: Non-indigenous.

More Information

French
[fra] 2,569,200 in Congo, all users. L1 users: 9,200 (2014 J. Leclerc). L2 users: 2,560,000 (2013). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2002, Constitution, Article 6). Alternate Names: Français. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French. Comments: Non-indigenous. Sole language of formal education.

More Information

Gbaya
[gya] Likouala department: Epena district; Sangha department: scattered on Cameroon border. 2,000 (Johnstone 1993). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Baya, Northwest Gbaya. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Gbaya-Manza-Ngbaka, Northwest. Comments: Non-indigenous.

More Information

Kaamba
[xku] Bouenza department: Madingou and Nkayi districts; Lékoumou department: Sibiti district. 1,500 (2007 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kamba, Kikaamba. Dialects: None known. Part of Kongo subgroup. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.112).

More Information

Kako
[kkj] Likouala department: Ibenga and Motaba rivers, scattered. 11,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Kaka, Nkoxo, Yaka. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Kaka (A.93). Comments: Non-indigenous.

More Information

Kituba
[mkw] Mainly between Brazzaville and Pointe-Noire. 1,490,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of national identity (2002, Constitution, Article 6), recognized as lingua franca. Kituba is used throughout the south in churches, the market and the media (2014 SIL). Alternate Names: Kikongo-Kituba, Kikoongo, Monokutuba, Munukutuba. Autonym: Kituba. Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Kituba [ktu] of Democratic Republic of the Congo. Classification: Creole, Kongo based. Comments: Main language of the south.

More Information

Koongo
[kng] Pool department: Boko district, west and northwest of Brazzaville. 16,500 (2007 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Congo, Kikongo, Kikoongo, Kongo, Kongo-Nseke. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.16). Comments: Kongo-Nseke is the distinguishing name for Koongo in Congo-Brazzaville. Christian, Muslim.

More Information

Kota
[koq] Cuvette-Ouest department: west of Mbomo; Sangha department: Liouesso district. 14,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ikota, Ikuta. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.25).

More Information

Koyo
[koh] Cuvette department: Owando district; Cuvette-Ouest department: Ewo district. 1,000. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Ekoyo, Kouyou. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mboshi (C.24).

More Information

Kunyi
[njx] Bouenza, Kouilou, and Niari regions, south and southeast from Makabana to Democratic Republic of the Congo border. 116,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kikunyi, Kugni. Dialects: Nyaanga (Kinyaanga). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.13).

More Information

Laari
[ldi] Bouenza department: Mouyondzi district; Pool department: west and northwest of Brazzaville. 135,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Kilari, Laadi, Ladi, Lali, Lari. Dialects: Ghaangala (Hangala, Kighaangala), Laari de Biiza, Laari de Kinkala. A member of macrolanguage Kongo [kon]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.16). Comments: Christian, Muslim.

More Information

Likuba
[kxx] Cuvette department: on Congo river above Sangha river mouth; Plateaux department: Alima river south bank. 45,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kuba. Dialects: None known. Mutually intelligible with Likwala [kwc]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mboshi (C.27).

More Information

Likwala
[kwc] Cuvette department: lower reaches of Likouala-aux-Herbes, Likouala-Mossaka, and Sangha rivers. 67,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ekwala, Kwala, Likouala. Dialects: None known. Mutually intelligible with Likuba [kxx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mboshi (C.26).

More Information

Lingala
[lin] Mainly Brazzaville and surrounding areas in Pool department. 181,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of national identity (2002, Constitution, Article 6), generally northern. Lingala is used throughout the area north of Brazzaville in the churches, the market and the media (2014 SIL). Alternate Names: Ngala. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Bangi-Ntomba (C.30). Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Lumbu
[lup] Bouenza and Kouilou departments; Niari department: Kibangou district, between Kibangou and Gabon border. 3,020 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ilumbu. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Shira-Punu (B.44).

More Information

Mbandja
[zmz] Likouala department: Oubangui river area. 12,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Banja, Mbanja, Mbanza. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Banda, Southern.

More Information

Mbangwe
[zmn] Lékoumou department: Bambama district. 1,510 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: M’bahouin. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.23).

More Information

Mbere
[mdt] Cuvette-Ouest department: north Ewo and Kelle districts. 90,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 135,500. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Limbede, Mbédé, Mbété. Dialects: Ngwii. Lexical similarity: 77% with Mbamba [mbm], 76% with Ngungwel [ngz], 74% with Teke-Tege [teg], 70% with Teke-Tsaayi [tyi]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Mbete (B.61). Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Mboko
[mdu] Cuvette department: west Makoua district; Sangha department. 40,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Mboxo, Mbuku. Dialects: Ngare. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mboshi (C.21).

More Information

Mbosi
[mdw] Cuvette department: Boundiji, Mossaka, and Owando districts; Cuvette-Ouest department: Ewo district; Plateaux department: Abala district. 161,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Embosi, Mbochi, Mboshe, Mboshi. Dialects: Bunji (Mbonzi), Olee, Ondinga, Ngolo, Eboi. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mboshi (C.25). Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Moi
[mow] Cuvette and Plateaux regions: Oubangui river west bank, Alima river mouth, south of Mossaka. 3,020 (2000). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Lemoi, Mahican, Rebu. Dialects: None known. Reportedly related to Lingala [lin]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Bangi-Ntomba (C.32).

More Information

Monzombo
[moj] Likouala department: on Oubangui river. 12,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 18,600. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Mondjembo, Monjombo, Munzombo. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Sere-Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka, Western, Monzombo.

More Information

Mpyemo
[mcx] Sangha department: on Cameroon border. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bimu, Mbimou, Mbimu, Mbyemo, Mpo. Dialects: Jasoa (Jasua), Bidjuki (Bidjouki), Mpyemo. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.86). Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Ndasa
[nda] Lékoumou department: west of Zanaga. 4,530 (2000). Total users in all countries: 5,530. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Andasa. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.201).

More Information

Ngbaka
[nga] Likouala department: Oubangui river west bank, between Impfondo and Congo river confluence. 3,650 (2000). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Gbaya-Manza-Ngbaka, East. Comments: Different from Ngbaka Ma’bo [nbm].

More Information

Ngbaka Ma’bo
[nbm] Likouala department: possibly from nearby large language areas in Central African Republic and Democratic Republic of Congo. 135,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bouaka, Bwaka, Gbala, Ma’bo, Mbacca, Mbaka, Nbwaka, Ngbaka Limba. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Sere-Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka, Western, Bwaka. Comments: Non-indigenous.

More Information

Ngom
[nra] Cuvette-Ouest department: northwest of Mbomo. 4,530 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Angom, Bangom, Bangomo, Ongom, Ungom, Ungomo. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.22).

More Information

Ngundi
[ndn] Sangha department: east of Ouesso. 3,000 (2004). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Ingundi, Ngondi. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngondi (C.11). Comments: Different from Gundi [gdi] of Central African Republic, which is an Adamawa-Ubangi language.

More Information

Ngungwel
[ngz] Plateaux department: Gamboma district. 45,000 (1988 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Engungwel, Ngangoulou, Ngangulu, Ngungulu, Northeastern Teke. Dialects: Mpu (Mpumpu, Mpumpum). Seen as separate from Teke, although part of the Teke family. Lexical similarity: 89% with Boo [ebo], 81% with Kukua [kkw], 77% with Teghe [teg], 76% with Tsaayi [tyi] and Mbere [mdt], 75% with Tyee [tyx], 68% with Laali [lli], 61% with Yaa [iyx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.72). Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Njebi
[nzb] Niari department: Mayoko district. 20,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Binzabi, Injebi, Ndjabi, Njabi, Njevi, Nzebi, Yinjebi, Yinzebi. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Nzebi (B.52).

More Information

Njyem
[njy] Sangha department: Souanke district, north into Cameroon. 3,500. 2,980 monolinguals. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Djem, Dzem, Ndjem, Ndjeme, Ndzem, Ngyeme, Njem, Nyem, Zimu. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.84). Comments: Christian.

More Information

Ombamba
[mbm] Lékoumou department: Bambama district. 20,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Lembaamba, Mbaama, Mbama, Mbamba. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 81% with Teghe [teg], 77% with Mbere [mdt], 66% with Tsaayi [tyi]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Mbete (B.62).

More Information

Pomo
[pmm] Sangha department: north of Ouesso, on Cameroon and Central African Republic borders. 5,430 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Congo Pol, Pol, Pori, Pul. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Kaka (A.92). Comments: Non-indigenous.

More Information

Punu
[puu] Niari department: toward Gabon border. 14,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Ipounou, Ipunu, Pouno, Puno, Yipunu. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Shira-Punu (B.43).

More Information

Suundi
[sdj] Pool department: Boko, Kindamba, Kinkala, and Mayama districts; Bouenza and Niari departments: border areas. 183,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kissoundi, Kisuundi, Soundi, Suundi de Kifouma, Suundi de Kimongo. Dialects: Kisuundi kya Mayama, Kisuundi kya Ngwaari, Kisuundi kya Nkeleke. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.131).

More Information

Teke-Eboo
[ebo] Plateaux department: Lefini river east to Congo river, north to Engankou and west to Allion. 20,400 (2000). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Aboo, Bamboma, Boma, Boo, Boõ, Central Teke, Eboo Teke, Eboom, Iboo, Teke-Boma. Dialects: Teke-Nzikou. Eboo is the language of the ancient Teke kings. Teke-Eboo [ebo], Teke-Nzikou [nzu], and Teke-Fuumu [ifm] are reportedly similar enough to easily share the same literature. Lexical similarity: 63% with Iyaa, 69% with Laali [lli], 75% with Tsaayi [tyi], 85% with Tyee [tyx], 86% with Kukuya [kkw], 89% with Ngungwel [ngz], 79% with Teke-Tege [teg]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.74). Comments: Teke-Nzikou [nzu] and Teke-Eboo use the same literacy materials. A hybrid of the dialects is emerging among young people. Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Teke-Fuumu
[ifm] Plateaux department: south and west of Lefini river (Wuumu dialect); Pool department: north of Brazzaville (Fuumu dialect). 8,150 (2000). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Fumu, Fuumu, Kiteke, South Central Teke, Teke du Pool. Dialects: Fuumu (Fumu, Ifuumu, Mfumu), Wuumu (Iwuumu, Wumbu). Teke-Eboo [ebo],Teke-Nzikou [nzu], and Teke-Fuumu [ifm] are reportedly similar enough to easily share the same literature. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.77). Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Teke-Ibali
[tek] Pool department: Brazzaville area, on Congo river. 36,200 (2000). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Bali, Eastern Teke, Ibali, Kiteke. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.75).

More Information

Teke-Kukuya
[kkw] Plateaux department: Lekana district, east of Leketi river. 38,800 (2000). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Chikuya, Cikuya, Kikuwa, Kikuya, Koukouya, Kukua, Kukuya, Kukwa, Southern Teke. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 86% with Eboo [ebo], 85% with Tyee [tyx], 81% with Ngungwel [ngz], 80% with Tsaayi [tyi], 79% with Teke-Tege [teg], 75% with Laali [lli], 70% with Yaka [iyx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.77).

More Information

Teke-Laali
[lli] Lékoumou department: south of Komono. 2,100 (2006). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Ilaali, Laali, West Teke. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 81% with Tsaayi [tyi], 78% with Tyee [tyx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.73).

More Information

Teke-Nzikou
[nzu] Plateaux department: Djambala area; Pool department. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Central Teke, Ndzindziu, Njiunjiu, Njyunjyu. Dialects: Teke-Eboo. A hybrid of the dialects is emerging among young people. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.74). Comments: Teke-Nzikou and Teke-Eboo [ebo] can be considered dialects of the same language, though there is no group name, apart from Teke. Both dialects use the same literacy materials. A hybrid of the dialects emerging among young people. Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Teke-Tege
[teg] Cuvette-Ouest department: Ewo and Okoyo districts; Plateaux department: Abala district, west of Mpama river. 49,300 (2000). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Iteghe, Keteghe, Northern Teke, Teghe, Teke Alima, Teke Kali. Dialects: Kateghe (Nzikini), Keteghe. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.71).

More Information

Teke-Tsaayi
[tyi] Lékoumou department: east of Mossendjo; Pool department: Kindema district. 95,900 (2000). 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Getsaayi, Tsaayi, Tsaya, Tsaye, Tsayi, West Teke. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 76% with Tyee [tyx], 80% with Kukuya [kkw]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.73).

More Information

Teke-Tyee
[tyx] Bouenza, Lékoumou, and Pool departments: between Kitembe and Makaka. 14,400. 740,000 all Teke languages in Congo (2012 World Factbook). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kwe, Tee, Tyee, West Teke. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 85% with Kukuya [kkw] and Eboo [ebo]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.73). Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Tsaangi
[tsa] Lékoumou department; Niari department: north and northwest of Mossendjo. 20,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 28,610. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Icaangi, Itsangi, Tcengui, Tchangui, Tsangi, Tsengi. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Nzebi (B.53).

More Information

Vili
[vif] Kouilou and Pointe-Noire departments: coast between Angola and Gabon borders, Yoombe Island; Niari department. 11,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 14,690. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bavili, Civili, Fiot, Fiote, Tshivili, Tsivili. Dialects: Civili ci Loango, Civili ci Moongo, Civili ci Yombe, Civili ci Waanda, Kotchi, Lindji, Woyo. A dialect subgroup. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.12). Comments: Christian, traditional religion.

More Information

Wumbvu
[wum] Niari department: north to Gabon border. 9,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Aka, Baaka, Babinga, Bambendjele, Bambenga, Beka, Biaka, Pygmy, Wumvu. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.24).

More Information

Yaka
[iyx] Lékoumou department: Sibiti district. 31,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Iyaka, West Teke, Yaa. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 91% with Laali [lli], 74% with Tsaayi [tyi], 69% with Tyee [tyx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.73).

More Information

Yombe
[yom] Kouilou and Niari departments. 26,000 (Mabiala 1996). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Bayombe, Kiombi, Kiyombe, Kiyoombi. Dialects: Mbala (Mumbala), Vungunya (Kivungunya, Yombe Classique). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kikongo (H.16). Comments: Distinct enough from Vili [vif] to need separate literature. Christian, traditional religion.

More Information

Page Views Left: