China

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China
A country in Asia
The number of individual languages listed for China is 302. All are living languages. Of these, 276 are indigenous and 26 are non-indigenous. Furthermore, 15 are institutional, 24 are developing, 93 are vigorous, 139 are in trouble, and 31 are dying.
Official Name
People’s Republic of China
Population Full

1,379,665,000 (2017 World Bank)

Principal Languages
Mandarin Chinese
Literacy Rate
95% (2017 UNESCO)
Immigrant Languages
Parsi (5,000), Rohingya, Spanish (5,000)
International Conventions
CPPDCE (2007), CSICH (2004), UNDRIP (2007)
General References
Bradley 1997, Bradley 2005, Bradley 2007a, Campbell and King 2011, Dreyer 1976, Janhunen 1989, Janhunen 2003, Li 1973, Matisoff et al 1996, Pelkey 2008, Pelkey 2011, Ramsey 1987, Salminen 2007, Wurm et al 1987, Xiong and Yang 1991
Deaf Population
20,040,000 (2006 China Disabled Persons’ Federation)
Recognized Nationalities

Minority languages in China are associated with one or more officially recognized nationalities by the State Ethnic Affairs Commission

Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for China is 302. All are living languages. Of these, 276 are indigenous and 26 are non-indigenous. Furthermore, 15 are institutional, 24 are developing, 93 are vigorous, 139 are in trouble, and 31 are dying.
Products
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