Cape Verde Islands

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Kabuverdianu
[kea] Kabuverdianu-Sotaventu spoken on Santiago, Maio, Fogo, and Brava islands; Kabuverdianu-Barlavente spoken on Santo Antão, São Vicente, São Nicolau, Sal, and Boa Vista islands. 492,000 in Cape Verde Islands (2010 census), increasing. 325,000 Kabuverdianu-Sotaventu, 167,000 Kabuverdianu-Barlavente. 80,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 1,000,000. Total users in all countries: 871,000. Status: 4 (Educational). Statutory language of national identity (1992, Constitution, Article 9(2)), not co-equal with Portuguese. Alternate Names: “Badiu” (pej.), Caboverdiano, Criol, Crioulo, Kriol, Krioulo, Krioulu, “Sampadjudu” (pej.). Dialects: Kabuverdianu-Sotaventu (Caboverdiano-Sotavento), Kabuverdianu-Barlavente (Caboverdiano-Barlavento). Low mutual intelligibility between the dialects. Classification: Creole, Portuguese based. Comments: “Badiu” is a somewhat pejorative name for the indigenous inhabitants of the southern island of Santiago, often used by extension as the name for the variant of Kabuverdianu-Sotaventu spoken on this island. “Sanpadjudu” is a somewhat pejorative name for the indigenous inhabitants of the northern island of Santo Antão, often used by extension as the name for the variant of Kabeverdiane-Barlavente spoken on this island). Christian.

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Portuguese
[por] Urban centers. There are very few L1 speakers, mostly Portuguese or Brazilian citizens, who tend to remain monolingual in Portuguese. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Constitution, Article 9(1)). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Portuguese-Galician. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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