Arabic, Cypriot Spoken
[acy] Kyrenia district: north shore; Limassol district: south shore; Lefkosia district: Kormakiti, Nicosia city, and Peristonem; several Maronite mountain villages. Mainly urban communities. 9,760 (2013 UNSD). Ethnic population: 6,000. 140 Maronites in Kormatiki, 80 to 100 in Limassol, the rest in the Maronite community in Nicosia. Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Cypriot Maronite Arabic, Kormakiti, Maronite. Autonym: Sanna. Dialects: A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: A hybrid language with roots in the Arabic of both Anatolia and Levant. Many borrowings from Syriac [syc] and Greek [ell]. Ethnonym: Maronites. Christian.
[ell] Nearly all in south Cyprus. 1,157,000 in Cyprus, all users. 1,100,000 (European Commission 2012). 57,000 (European Commission 2012). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1960, Constitution, Article 3(1)). Dialects: Cypriot Greek. Classification: Indo-European, Greek, Attic. Comments: Non-indigenous. Christian.
[tur] Widespread in Northern Cyprus. 300,000 (2016). 300,000 speakers in Northern Cyprus. 1,410 Turkish speakers in the Republic of Cyprus (2013 UNSD). Status: 2 (Provincial). De facto provincial language in Northern Cyprus. Alternate Names: Osmanli, Türkçe. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkish. Comments: Muslim.