Germany

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Germany
A country in Europe
The number of individual languages listed for Germany is 25. All are living languages. Of these, 19 are indigenous and 6 are non-indigenous. Furthermore, 3 are institutional, 9 are developing, 6 are vigorous, and 7 are in trouble.
Official Name
Federal Republic of Germany
Population Full

80,594,000 (2015 UNDESA)

General Remarks
Baden-Württemberg state includes the Freiburg enclave almost surrounded by Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald district; Bremen state has 2 parts, Bremen city and Bremerhaven, completely surrounded by Lower Saxony; Lower Saxony includes the East Frisian Islands, from Borkum (west) to Hoher Knechtsand (east); Mecklenburg-Vorpommern includes the Baltic Sea islands of Rügen and Usedom, the latter bordering Poland; Schleswig-Holstein includes the Helgoland and North Frisian islands, from Trischen in the south and Sylt in the north, and the Baltic island of Fehmarn
Principal Languages
Standard German
Literacy Rate
99% (2011 USDS)
Immigrant Languages
Abkhaz (5,000), Adyghe (2,000), Afrikaans, Algerian Spoken Arabic (21,300), Arabic (553,000), Assyrian Neo-Aramaic, Balkan Romani (3,500), Belarusian (22,000), Bosnian (173,000), Bulgarian (227,000), Catalan, Chaldean Neo-Aramaic (3,000), Chechen, Chinese (129,000), Croatian (333,000), Czech (56,100), Dutch (149,000), Egyptian Spoken Arabic (26,900), estern Armenian (25,200), Finnish (15,000), French (131,000), Georgian (24,100), Gheg Albanian (203,000), Greek (351,000), Hausa, Hebrew (13,300), Hindi (62,900), Hungarian (192,000), Indonesian (17,700), Iranian Persian (63,100), Italian (611,000), Japanese (35,800), Kabardian (14,000), Kabuverdianu (3,000), Kalmyk-Oirat, Kazakh (46,500), Korean (32,200), Latgalian, Laz (1,000), Lithuanian (46,700), Macedonian (95,600), Moroccan Spoken Arabic (75,900), North Azerbaijani (23,600), North Levantine Spoken Arabic (679,000), Northern Kurdish (541,000), Northern Zazaki, Norwegian (6,690), Portuguese (176,000), Romanian (551,000), Russian (245,000), Serbian (28,200), Sinhala (25,900), Slovak (53,400), Slovene (27,800), South Levantine Spoken Arabic (14,200), Spanish (163,000), Standard Estonian (6,540), Standard Latvian (32,300), Swedish (19,900), Tagalog (21,900), Tamil (35,000), Tarifit, Thai (58,800), Tigrigna (15,000), Tosk Albanian (51,600), Tunisian Spoken Arabic (32,900), Turkish (1,490,000), Turkmen, Turoyo (20,000), Ukrainian (136,000), Urdu (23,000), Uyghur, Vietnamese (90,000), Vlax Romani (5,000)
General References
Barbour and Stevenson 1990, Campbell and King 2011, Comrie 1987, Salminen 2007, Stephens 1976
Deaf Population
50,000–8,000,000 (Van Cleve 1986)
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Germany is 25. All are living languages. Of these, 19 are indigenous and 6 are non-indigenous. Furthermore, 3 are institutional, 9 are developing, 6 are vigorous, and 7 are in trouble.
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