[dan] Widespread. 5,380,000 in Denmark (European Commission 2012). Population total all countries: 5,520,860. Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Alternate Names: Dansk, Rigsdansk Dialects: Bornholmsk, Sønderjysk (Southern Jutlandic). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, North, East Scandinavian, Danish-Swedish, Danish-Riksmal, Danish Comments: Many slowly disappearing dialects. Formerly 3 dialect groups: Jutlandic (or Jutish, Western Danish), Island Danish, and Eastern Danish.
Danish Sign Language
[dsl] Scattered. 5,000 in Denmark (2007). 24,500 (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Recognized language (2015, Law 61, amendment to Danish Language Council). Alternate Names: Dansk tegnsprog, DTS Dialects: None known. Faroe Islands, Greenland (2014 J. Zachariassen; Aldersson and McEntee-Atalianis 2007). Some signs are related to French Sign Language [fsl]. Intelligible with Swedish [swl] and Norwegian [nsl] sign languages with only moderate difficulty. Not intelligible with Finnish Sign Language [fse]. Signed Danish is distinct, but used in communication with some hearing people. Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: Fingerspelling system similar to French Sign Language [fsl]. Organization for sign language teachers. Instruction provided for parents of deaf children and other hearing people. Christian (Protestant).
[fao] Faroe islands. 66,000 in Denmark (2007). Population total all countries: 66,150. Status: 2 (Provincial). De facto provincial language in Faroe Islands. Alternate Names: Faeroese, Føroyskt Dialects: None known. Not inherently intelligible with Icelandic [isl]. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, North, West Scandinavian Comments: Faroe Islands are self-governing in most matters. Spoken on Faroe Islands by about 45,000 and in Denmark by about 21,000.
[deu] South Denmark region: North Slesvig. 25,900 in Denmark (2007). L2 users: 2,630,000 in Denmark (European Commission 2012). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory language of provincial identity in Syddanmark region (1955, Danish-German Agreement). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, East Middle German Comments: There are German schools.
[jut] South Denmark region: German-Danish border area. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Jutlandish, Jysk, Western Danish Dialects: The westernmost and southernmost dialects differ so much from standard Danish [dan] that many people from the Eastern Islands have great difficulty understanding it. From the viewpoint of inherent intelligibility, it could be considered a separate language (1996 N. Strade). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, North, East Scandinavian, Danish-Swedish, Danish-Riksmal, Danish
[swe] Capital region: Bornholm Island. L2 users: 728,000 in Denmark (European Commission 2012). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Dialects: Scanian (Skåne, Skånska, Southern Swedish). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, North, East Scandinavian, Danish-Swedish, Swedish Comments: When Sweden obtained Scania from Denmark in 1658 this dialect began to lose its status as a separate language status. It is called Southern Swedish in Sweden, and Eastern Danish in Denmark.
[rmd] No known L1 speakers. Status: 10 (Extinct). Alternate Names: Rodi, Rotwelsch Dialects: None known. An independent language based on Danish [dan] with heavy lexical borrowing from Romani. Not inherently intelligible of Angloromani [rme]. May be intelligible of Traveller Norwegian [rmg] and Traveller Swedish [rmu]. Classification: Mixed language, Danish-Romani Comments: Romani people transported to Denmark by James IV of Scotland in July 1505.