Finland

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Official Name
Republic of Finland, Suomen Tasavalta
Population
5,363,000
National Languages
Finnish, Swedish
Literacy Rate
100% (2011USDS)
Immigrant Languages
Arabic, Chinese, English (4,500), Northern Kurdish (1,290), Polish, Romanian (1,000), Russian (31,000), Somali (3,100), Spanish, Standard German, Tatar (800), Turkish (1,000), Vietnamese
Deaf Population
8,000–307,333 (Van Cleve 1986)
Deaf Institutions
44
General References
Comrie 1987; Salminen 1993, 1997, 2007; Stephens 1976
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Finland is 12. All are living languages. Of these, 4 are institutional, 3 are developing, 2 are in trouble, and 3 are dying.