Croatia

Print
Bosnian
[bos] 20,800 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Dialects: Ijekavían, Ikavian. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western Comments: Influences from Turkish [tur] and Arabic [arb].

More Information

Croatia Sign Language
[csq] Scattered. 12,000 (2010 Croatian Association of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing). 12,000 signers out of 20,000 deaf (2010 Croatian Association of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing). 13,000 (2014 Union of Deaf of Zagreb). 17,500 (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: CSL, Hrvatski znakovni jezik, HZJ Dialects: Origin from deaf schools in Austria and Hungary. In the past, regarded as a dialect of Yugoslavian Sign Language [ysl] (Bickford 2005); further research needed. One-handed fingerspelling system is similar to French Sign Language [fsl]. Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: L2 teaching materials, including for medical personnel. The first school for the deaf in Croatia was formed in Zagreb in 1885. 52 interpreters (2014 Union of Deaf of Zagreb). HZJ is recognized by the government and a law to provide educational protection and assistance is before Parliament (2014). L2 teaching materials, including for medical personnel. Christian (Roman Catholic).

More Information

Croatian
[hrv] 4,200,000 in Croatia (European Commission 2006). Population total all countries: 5,609,290. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1990, Constitution, Article 12.1). Alternate Names: Hrvatski Dialects: Chakavski, Kaykavski, Shtokavski (Ijekavski). Shtokavski is official dialect, but others recognized as valid, with much literature. Chakavski in western and northern Croatia, Dalmatian coast, and Adriatic Islands; Kaykavski in northeastern Croatia and Zagreb; dialects in other countries, like Burgenland Croatian in Austria, less intelligible. A member of macrolanguage Serbo-Croatian [hbs]. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western Comments: Formerly considered part of the Serbo-Croat language. Christian.

More Information

Czech
[ces] 10,500 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak

More Information

Hungarian
[hun] 16,600 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Uralic

More Information

Istriot
[ist] Istrian peninsula, west coast; Rovinj (Rovigno), Bale (Valle), Galižana (Gallesano) and Vodnjan (Dignano) towns. 400 (Salminen 2007). L2 users: 900 (Salminen 2007). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Istro-Romance Dialects: None known. An archaic Romance language, often confused with Istro Romanian [ruo]. Perhaps more similar to Friulian [fur] or Dalmatian than to Istro Romanian. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian

More Information

Italian
[ita] Istria: Istarska county. 19,600 in Croatia (2001 census). Ethnic population: 30,000 (1998). L2 users: 600,000 in Croatia (European Commission 2006). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Istria County (2003, Istrian Regional Statute, Article 6), per Italian bilateral treaty 1996. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian

More Information

Romani, Sinte
[rmo] 131,000 in Croatia. Status: 5 (Developing). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Northern

More Information

Romanian, Istro
[ruo] Istrian peninsula, Žejane village, villages south. 300 (Salminen 2007). L2 users: 1,100 (Salminen 2007). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Istrio-Romanian, Istro-Romanian Dialects: None known. Structurally distinct from Romanian [ron] (Agard 1984). Split from the other 3 Romanian languages between 500 and 1000 A.D. Different from Istriot [ist]. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern

More Information

Rusyn
[rue] 2,340 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Carpathian, Carpatho-Rusyn, Ruthenian Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East

More Information

Serbian
[srp] 202,000 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western Comments: Muslim.

More Information

Slovak
[slk] 4,710 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak

More Information

Slovene
[slv] Rijeka, Zagreb, Istra. 22,800 in Croatia. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Slovenian Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western

More Information

Ukrainian
[ukr] 1,980 in Croatia (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East

More Information

Venetian
[vec] Istrian peninsula and Dalmatia. 50,000 in Croatia (1994 T. Salminen). Status: 5 (Developing). Dialects: Istrian, Tretine, Venetian Proper. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Italian

More Information