Croatia

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Bosnian
[bos] Dubrovnik-Neretva, Istria, Primorje-Gorski Kotar, Sisak-Moslavina, Split-Dalmatia, Vukovar-Syrmia, and Zagreb City. 16,900 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 31,500 (2011 census). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial working language in Primorsko-Goranska, Istarska, and Dubrovacko-Neretvanska counties (2002, Constitutional Law on the Rights of Minorities, Article 15). Alternate Names: Serbo-Croatian. Dialects: Ijekavían, Ikavian. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western. Comments: Non-indigenous. Influences from Turkish [tur] and Arabic [arb].

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Croatia Sign Language
[csq] Scattered. 12,000 (2010 Croatian Association of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing). 12,000 signers out of 20,000 deaf (2010 Croatian Association of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing). 13,000 (2014 Union of Deaf of Zagreb). 17,500 (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: CSL, HZJ, Hrvatski znakovni jezik. Dialects: Origin from deaf schools in Austria and Hungary. In the past, regarded as a dialect of Yugoslavian Sign Language [ysl] (Bickford 2005); further research needed. One-handed fingerspelling system is similar to French Sign Language [fsl]. Classification: Sign language. Comments: L2 teaching materials, including for medical personnel. The first school for the deaf in Croatia was formed in Zagreb in 1885. 52 interpreters (2014 Union of Deaf of Zagreb). HZJ is recognized by the government and a law to provide educational protection and assistance is before Parliament (2014). L2 teaching materials, including for medical personnel. Christian.

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Croatian
[hrv] 4,100,000 (2011 census). Total users in all countries: 6,670,820 (as L1: 5,410,820; as L2: 1,260,000). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1990, Constitution, Article 12.1). Alternate Names: Serbo-Croatian. Autonym: Hrvatski. Dialects: Kaykavski, Chakavski, Shtokavski (Ijekavski). Shtokavski is official dialect, but others recognized as valid, with much literature. Chakavski in western and northern Croatia, Dalmatian coast, and Adriatic Islands; Kaykavski in northeastern Croatia and Zagreb; dialects in other countries, like Burgenland Croatian in Austria, less intelligible. A member of macrolanguage Serbo-Croatian [hbs]. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western. Comments: Formerly considered part of Serbo-Croatian [hbs]. Christian.

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Czech
[ces] Bjelovar-Bilogora, Požega-Slavonia, and Sisak-Moslavina counties. 6,290 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 9,640 (2011 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Statutory language of provincial identity in Bjelovarsko-Bilogors county (2002, Constitutional Law on the Rights of Minorities, Article 15), based on census results, the Czech minority has the right to elect 1 member to the national legislature. Alternate Names: Češki, Čeština, Český jazyk. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Hungarian
[hun] Bjelovar-Bilogora, Osijek-Baranja, Vukovar-Syrmia, and Zagreb city. 10,200 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 14,000 (2011 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Statutory language of provincial identity in Osjecko-Baranjska county (2002, Constitutional Law on the Rights of Minorities, Article 15), based on census results, the Hungarian minority also has the right to elect 1 member to the national legislature. Alternate Names: Madžarski, Magyar. Classification: Uralic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Istriot
[ist] Istria county: Bale, Fažana, Galižana, Rovinj, Šišan, and Vodnjan towns. Istrian peninsula, west coast. 1,300, all users. L1 users: 400 (Salminen 2007). L2 users: 900 (Salminen 2007). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Istro-Romance. Dialects: None known. An archaic Romance language, often confused with Istro Romanian [ruo]. Perhaps more similar to Friulian [fur] or Dalmatian than to Istro Romanian. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian.

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Italian
[ita] Istria county: northwest near Slovenia border, along west coast, Istrian peninsula. 618,600 in Croatia, all users. L1 users: 18,600 (2011 census). L2 users: 600,000 (European Commission 2006). Ethnic population: 37,000 (2016 G. Patanè). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Istria County (2003, Istrian Regional Statute, Article 6), per Italian bilateral treaty 1996. Alternate Names: Italiano, Talijanski. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian.

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Romani, Sinte
[rmo] Istria and Međimurje counties. 14,400 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 17,000 (2011 census). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial working language in Medjimurska county (2002, Constitutional Law on the Rights of Minorities, Article 15). Alternate Names: Romanes, Sinte, Sinti. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Northern. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Romanian, Istro
[ruo] Primorje-Gorski Kotar county: Žejane village, Istrian peninsula, south towards northern reaches of Kvarner gulf. 1,400, all users. L1 users: 300 (Salminen 2007). L2 users: 1,100 (Salminen 2007). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Istrio-Romanian, Istro-Romanian, Roma, Romani. Dialects: None known. Structurally distinct from Romanian [ron] (Agard 1984). Split from the other 3 Romanian languages between 500 and 1000 A.D. Different from Istriot [ist]. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern.

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Rusyn
[rue] Osijek-Baranja, Vukovar-Syrmia, and Zagreb City. 1,470 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 1,940 (2011 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Recognized language (2002, Constitutional Law on the Rights of Minorities, Article 15). Alternate Names: Carpathian, Carpatho-Rusyn, Ruthenian. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Serbian
[srp] Widespread. 60,700 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 187,000 (2011 census). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial working language in Bjelovarsko-Bilgors, Brodsko-Posavska, Grad Zgreb, Istarska, Karlovacka, Koprivnicko-Krizevaka, Licok-Senjska, Osjecko-Baranjska, Pozescko-Slavonska, Sibensko-Kninska, and 4 other counties (2002, Constitutional Law on the Rights of Minorities, Article 15), the Serbian minority has the right to elect a maximum of 3 members to the national legislature. Alternate Names: Serbo-Croatian. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.

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Slovak
[slk] Osijek-Baranja and Vukovar-Syrmia counties. 3,790 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 4,750 (2011 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Slovenčina, Slovenský Jazyk. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Slovene
[slv] Istria and Primorje-Gorski Kotar counties: scattered; urban areas of Rijeka and Zagreb. 9,220 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 10,500 (2011 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Recognized language (2002, Constitutional Law on the Rights of Minorities, Article 15). Alternate Names: Slovenščina, Slovenian, Slovenski jezik. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Ukrainian
[ukr] Vukovar-Syrmia and Zagreb City. 1,010 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 1,880 (2011 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Recognized language (2002, Constitutional Law on the Rights of Minorities, Article 15). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Venetian
[vec] Istria and Split-Dalmatia counties: most of Istria peninsula, Fiume-Rijeka city, some cities in Kvarner and coastal Dalmatia. 50,000 (1994 T. Salminen). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Veneto. Dialects: Istrian, Tretine, Venetian Proper. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Italian. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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