Hungary

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Armenian
[hye] Budapest county. 440 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 3,290 (2011 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Armenian

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Bulgarian
[bul] Budapest and Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén counties; Miskolc area. 2,900 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 3,560 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Dialects: Palityan. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Eastern

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Croatian
[hrv] Bács-Kiskun, Baranya, Györ-Moson-Sopron, Pest, Somogy, Vas, and Zala counties. 13,700 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 23,600 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (1993, Minorities Act No. LXXVII). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western Comments: Christian.

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German, Standard
[deu] Baranya, Békés, Somogy, Tolna, Vas, Veszprém, and Zala counties. 38,200 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 132,000 (2011 census). L2 users: 1,790,000 in Hungary (European Commission 2012). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (1993, Minorities Act No. LXXVII). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, East Middle German Comments: Germans in Hungary speak varieties other than standard German at home.

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Greek
[ell] Budapest and Fejér counties. 1,870 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 3,920 (2011 census). Status: 6b (Threatened). Classification: Indo-European, Greek, Attic

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Hungarian
[hun] Widespread. 9,840,000 in Hungary (European Commission 2012). Population total all countries: 12,605,590. Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Alternate Names: Magyar Dialects: Central Transdanubian, North-eastern Hungarian, Palóc, Southern Great Plains, Southern Transdanubian, Tisza–Körös, Western Transdanubian. Reportedly most similar to the Uralic language Vogul (Mansi [mns]) in Siberia. Speakers of standard Hungarian have difficulty understanding the Oberwart dialect spoken in Austria, and considerable difficulty understanding the Moldavian Csángó dialect spoken in Rumania. Classification: Uralic Comments: Ethnic autonym: Magyar.

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Hungarian Sign Language
[hsh] Scattered. 9,000 in Hungary (2014 EUD). 49,000 (2014 IMB). 9,000 deaf sign language users (2014 EUD). 300,000 including L2 users. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Magyar Jelnyelv, Magyarországi jelnyelv Dialects: Budapest, Debrecen, Eger, Kaposvár, Sopron, Szeged, Vác. Related to Austrian Sign Language [asq]. Dialects show lexical variation, some in grammar. Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: 70 registered sign language interpreters (2014 EUD). Christian (Roman Catholic).

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Polish
[pol] Budapest and Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén counties. 3,050 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 5,730 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Lechitic

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Romani, Balkan
[rmn] Nógrád county. 54,300 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 309,000 (2011 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Beás, Cigány, Roma Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Balkan

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Romanian
[ron] Bács-Kiskun, Békés, Budapest, and Csongrád counties. 13,900 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 26,300 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Daco-Romanian, Moldavian, Rumanian Dialects: Boyash Romanian. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern Comments: Substantial literature.

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Rusyn
[rue] Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Budapest, and Pest counties. 1,000 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 3,320 (2011 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Carpathian, Carpatho-Rusyn, Ruthenian Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East

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Serbian
[srp] Budapest county; urban concentrations in Bács-Kiskun, Baranya, and Csongrád counties. 3,710 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 7,210 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (1993, Minorities Act No. LXXVII). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western Comments: Muslim.

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Slovak
[slk] Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén and Zala counties; near Slovak-Hungary border. 9,890 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 29,600 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (1993, Minorities Act No. LXXVII). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak

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Slovene
[slv] Zala county; near Slovenia border. 1,720 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 2,390 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (1993, Minorities Act No. LXXVII). Alternate Names: Slovenian Dialects: Prekmurski. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western

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Ukrainian
[ukr] Budapest and Pest counties. 3,380 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 5,630 (2011 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East

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