Hungary

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Armenian, Western
[hyw] Budapest; Pest county. Population: 440 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 3,290 (2011 census). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Armenian.

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Bulgarian
[bul] Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén and Budapest counties; Miskolc area. Population: 2,900 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 3,560 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Dialects: Palityan. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Eastern.

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Croatian
[hrv] Bács-Kiskun, Baranya, Györ-Moson-Sopron, Pest, Somogy, Vas, and Zala counties. Population: 13,700 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 23,600 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (1993, Minorities Act No. LXXVII). Alternate Names: Hrvatski, Serbo-Croatian. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western.

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English
[eng] Population: 1,980,000 in Hungary (European Commission 2012), L2 users. Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Angol. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English.

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German, Standard
[deu] Baranya, Békés, Somogy, Tolna, Vas, Veszprém, and Zala counties. Population: 1,798,600 in Hungary, all users. L1 users: 18,600 in Hungary (2017 Eurostat). Based on nationality. L2 users: 1,780,000 (European Commission 2012). Ethnic population: 132,000 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (1993, Minorities Act No. LXXVII). Alternate Names: Deutsch, Német. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, East Middle German.

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Greek
[ell] Budapest and Fejér counties. Population: 1,870 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 3,920 (2011 census). Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Görög. Classification: Indo-European, Greek, Attic.

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Hungarian
[hun] Widespread. Population: 9,780,000 in Hungary (European Commission 2012). Total users in all countries: 12,574,280. Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Autonym: Magyar. Dialects: Western Transdanubian, Central Transdanubian, Southern Transdanubian, Southern Great Plains, Palóc, Tisza–Körös, Northeastern Hungarian. Reportedly most similar to the Uralic language Vogul (Mansi [mns]) in Siberia. Speakers of standard Hungarian have difficulty understanding the Oberwart dialect spoken in Austria, and considerable difficulty understanding the Moldavian Csángó dialect spoken in Rumania. Classification: Uralic.

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Hungarian Sign Language
[hsh] Scattered. Population: 9,000 in Hungary (2014 EUD). 49,000 Deaf (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Magyar Jelnyelv, Magyarországi jelnyelv. Dialects: Budapest, Sopron, Debrecen, Szeged, Eger, Kaposvár, Vác. Budapest dialect is viewed as the standard. Other dialects show significant lexical variation, some in grammar, with some reports of difficulty communicating between some dialects but no systematic assessment. Related to Austrian Sign Language [asq]. Classification: Sign language.

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Polish
[pol] Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén and Budapest counties. Population: 3,050 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 5,730 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Lengyel. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Lechitic.

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Romani, Carpathian
[rmc] Nógrád county: Hugyag; Csongrád county: Szeged (Gurvari dialect). Population: Few speakers. Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Central Romani, Romungro. Dialects: Gurvari, Vend Romani, Veršend Romani. Gurvari has absorbed many Vlax [rmy] influences and can thus be regarded as a transitional variety. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Northern.

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Romani, Vlax
[rmy] Bács-Kiskun, Baranya, Békés, and Csongrád counties. Population: 54,300 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 309,000 (2011 census). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Beás, Cigány, Roma. Dialects: Lovari (Hungarian Lovari), Cerhari. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Vlax.

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Romanian
[ron] Bács-Kiskun, Békés, Budapest, and Csongrád counties. Population: 13,900 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 26,300 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Daco-Romanian, Limba română, Româneşte, Rumanian. Dialects: Boyash Romanian. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern.

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Rusyn
[rue] Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, Budapest, and Pest counties. Population: 1,000 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 3,320 (2011 census). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Carpathian, Carpatho-Rusyn, Ruthenian. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East.

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Serbian
[srp] Budapest county; Bács-Kiskun, Baranya, and Csongrád counties, urban enclaves. Population: 3,710 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 7,210 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (1993, Minorities Act No. LXXVII). Alternate Names: Serbo-Croatian. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western.

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Slovak
[slk] Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén and Zala counties; near Slovak-Hungary border. Population: 9,890 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 29,600 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (1993, Minorities Act No. LXXVII). Alternate Names: Slovenčina, Slovenský Jazyk. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak.

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Slovene
[slv] Zala county; near Slovenia border. Population: 1,720 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 2,390 (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (1993, Minorities Act No. LXXVII). Alternate Names: Slovenščina, Slovenian. Dialects: Prekmurski. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western.

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Ukrainian
[ukr] Budapest and Pest counties. Population: 3,380 in Hungary (2011 census). Ethnic population: 5,630 (2011 census). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Ukrán. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East.

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Yiddish, Eastern
[ydd] Major cities. Population: Status: 5* (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, Yiddish.

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