India

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India
A country in Asia
The number of individual languages listed for India is 461. Of these, 447 are living and 14 are extinct. Of the living languages, 63 are institutional, 130 are developing, 187 are vigorous, 54 are in trouble, and 13 are dying.
Official Name
Republic of India
Population

1,252,140,000 (2013 World Bank)

Principal Languages
English, Hindi, Sanskrit
Literacy Rate
51% (2006 UNESCO)
Immigrant Languages
Arabic, Armenian (500), Burushaski, Chinese, Iranian Persian (18,000), Judeo-Iraqi Arabic (51,700), Northern Pashto (11,100), Uyghur, Walungge
Deaf Population
over 10,000,000
General References
Bradley 1997, 2005; Breton 1997; Hugoniot 1970; Marrison 1967; Masica 1991; Matisoff, Baron, and Lowe 1996; Singh, 1994, 1995; Van Bik 2006; Van Driem 2001, 2007
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for India is 461. Of these, 447 are living and 14 are extinct. Of the living languages, 63 are institutional, 130 are developing, 187 are vigorous, 54 are in trouble, and 13 are dying.
Products
See full country report.