Jamaica

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English
[eng] Population: 50,000 in Jamaica (Crystal 2003a), L2 users. Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English.

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Jamaican Creole English
[jam] Widespread. Population: 2,670,000 in Jamaica (2001). Total users in all countries: 3,037,100. Status: 5* (Developing). De facto language of national identity. Alternate Names: Bongo Talk, Jamaican Patois, Jimiekn, Jimiekn Langwij, Jumieka Kruyol, Jumieka Languij, Jumieka Langwij, Jumieka Taak, Patois, Patwa, Patwah, Western Caribbean Creole, “Quashie Talk” (pej.). Autonym: Jamiekan, Jumiekan. Dialects: None known. The basilect and standard English mutually inherently unintelligible (Voegelin and Voegelin 1977, LePage 1960, Adler 1977). May be partly intelligible to speakers of Cameroon Pidgin [wes] and Krio [kri] of Sierra Leone, spoken by descendants of Jamaicans repatriated between 1787 and 1860. Inherently intelligible to creole speakers in Panama and Costa Rica. Reportedly very similar to Belize Creole [bzj], similar to Grenada, Saint Vincent, different from Tobago, very different from Guyana, Barbados, Leeward and Windward islands. Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Western.

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Jamaican Sign Language
[jls] Scattered. Population: 7,500 (2011 E. Parks). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: JSL. Dialects: Could be considered a dialect of American Sign Language (ASL) [ase] but is gradually diverging, with significant lexical and syntactic differences (Cumberbatch 2012a). Classification: Sign language.

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Konchri Sain
[jcs] Primarily in St. Elizabeth Parish, near Top Hill. Population: 40 (Parks et al 2011b), decreasing. Approximately 40 deaf L1 users, number of hearing L1 users is unknown. 4 monolinguals (2016 B. Gayle). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Country Sign, Jamaican Country Sign Language, KS. Dialects: None known. Most of the Jamaican deaf community does not understand Konchri Sain. Classification: Sign language.

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