Arabic, Levantine Bedawi Spoken
[avl] Widespread but especially east. 718,000 (2013). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Dialects: South Levantine Bedawi Arabic, North Levantine Bedawi Arabic, Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: The language of Jordan before Palestinian refugees arrived. Remains the language of the army. Muslim, Christian.
Arabic, Najdi Spoken
Arabic, South Levantine Spoken
[ajp] 3,590,000 (2013). Total users in all countries: 8,445,000. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Levantine Arabic, Palestinian-Jordanian, South Levantine Arabic. Dialects: Madani, Fellahi. Village to village difference of which speakers are aware. Newly emerging urban standard dialect based on Amman. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Muslim, Christian.
[rmt] Amman and Iraqi-Jordan border area. Ethnic population: 4,910 (2000). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Barake, Dom, Gypsy, Kurbat, Middle Eastern Romani, Nawar, Tsigene. Dialects: Nawar (Nawari), Kurbat (Ghorbati), Barake. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Dom. Comments: Non-indigenous. Arabic influence. Muslim.
Jordanian Sign Language
[jos] Scattered. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: LIU, Lughat il-Ishaarah il-Urduniyyah. Dialects: None known. LIU signers understand Egyptian Sign Language (LIM) [esl] to some extent, despite lexical differences. Not the same as Unified Arabic Sign Language, an artificial system promoted by representatives of 18 Arabic-speaking countries (Rashdan 2016). Relatively low lexical similarity with Egyptian Sign Language (LIM) [esl] (Hendriks 2008). Classification: Sign language.