[dng] Ysyk-Kol region: Karakol area; Chuy region: Bishkek and 2 small nearby border areas. L1 users: 56,300 (2009 census). Ethnic population: 58,100 (2009 census). Total users in all countries: 108,400. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Dzhunyan, Huizu, Kwuizwu, Tungan, Zwn’jan. Dialects: Ganzu (Gansu), Shaanxi (Shensi), Yage. Shaanxi and Ganzu varieties have difficult mutual inherent intelligibility. Debate over whether Dungan has 3 tones (a merging of 2 standard Mandarin tones) or 4 tones (with only a partial merging of the 2 standard Mandarin tones). Different from Mandarin [cmn] in phonology and lexicon. Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese. Comments: Came from China over 100 years ago. Muslim.
[kir] Widespread. L1 users: 4,170,000 (2014). Ethnic population: 3,800,000 (2009 census). Total users in all countries: 4,908,350. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2010, Constitution, Art 5 (1)). Alternate Names: Kara-Kirgiz, Kirghiz, Kirgiz. Autonym: кыргыз тили (Kyrgyz tili), кыргызча (Kyrgyzcha). Dialects: Northern Kyrgyz, Southern Kyrgyz. Classification: Turkic, Western, Aralo-Caspian. Comments: The names Eastern Kyrghyz and Western Kyrghyz have been erroneously applied to Kazakh. Increasing education. Muslim, Buddhist.
[rus] Ysyk-Kol region: Lake Ysyk Kol area; widespread. 2,825,000 in Kyrgyzstan, all users. L1 users: 525,000 (2014). L2 users: 2,300,000 (Arefyev 2012). Ethnic population: 420,000 (2009 census). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2010, Constitution, Article 10(2)). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Non-indigenous. Christian.
[tgk] Scattered, mostly south. L1 users: 42,300 (2009 census). Ethnic population: 46,100 (2009 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Recognized language (2010, Constitution, Article 10(3)). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian. Comments: Non-indigenous.