Arabic, North Levantine Spoken
[apc] Widespread. L1 users: 4,180,000 (2013). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Lebanese-Syrian Arabic, Levantine Arabic, Syro-Lebanese Arabic. Dialects: North Lebanese Arabic, South Lebanese Arabic (Metuali, Shii), North-Central Lebanese Arabic (Mount Lebanon Arabic), South-Central Lebanese Arabic (Druze Arabic), Standard Lebanese Arabic, Beqaa Arabic, Sunni Beiruti Arabic, Saida Sunni Arabic, Iqlim-Al-Kharrub Sunni Arabic, Jdaideh Arabic. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Muslim, Christian, Druze.
[hye] Beqaa governorate: Zahle district, Anjar town; Mont-Liban governorate: El Metn district, Beirut suburbs Bourj Hammoud and Mezher; other scattered communities; centuries-old established presence, Beirut and Tripoli cities. L1 users: 218,000 (2013). Status: 5 (Dispersed). De facto language of national identity. Alternate Names: Armanski, Ermenice, Haieren, Somkhuri. Dialects: Western Armenian. Classification: Indo-European, Armenian. Comments: Non-indigenous. Christian.
[fra] Scattered. 1,697,900 in Lebanon, all users. L1 users: 17,900 (2013). L2 users: 1,680,000 (2013). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Français. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French. Comments: Non-indigenous.
[kmr] Beqaa governorate: Bekah Valley; Beyrouth, Liban-Nord (Tripoli), and Liban-Sud (Sidon) governorates: scattered urban areas. L1 users: 218,000 (2013). Ethnic population: 215,000. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Kurdish. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.