[gag] Several enclaves, north, Chisinau and Criuleni, districts; central, mainly Gagauzia District; also, Leova, Cantemir, and Cimisilia districts; south, Cahul, Ceadîr-Lunga, Basarabeasca, Taraclia and Vulcânsti areas and towns. L1 users: 138,000 (2009 UNSD). Total users in all countries: 589,720. Status: 5 (Developing). Statutory language of provincial identity in Gagauzia (1994, Constitution, Articles 3(1), 3(2)). Alternate Names: Gagauzi. Dialects: Bulgar Gagauzi, Maritime Gagauzi. Reportedly similar to Turkish [tur], but uses Russian Orthodox Christian religious vocabulary in contrast to Islamic vocabulary of Turkish. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkish. Comments: Christian.
Moldova Sign Language
[vsi] Scattered. L1 users: 17,500 total signing deaf in Moldova in all sign languages (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Recognized language (2012, Article 25(1), Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities, No. 60). Dialects: None known. Relatively high lexical similarity to sign languages in Russia [rsl] and Ukraine [ukl] (Bickford 2005). Classification: Sign language. Comments: Sign language recognized as the official language of Deaf people, as the first language in deaf education, and as the main means of communication between Deaf people and others. Government measures to encourage media to make their information services available to Deaf. Christian.
[rmn] Scattered throughout Moldova. L1 users: 12,000 (Johnstone 1993). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Gypsy. Dialects: Ursári (Usari). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Balkan. Comments: Non-indigenous. Ethnic groups: Ursári (Moldova), Karamítika (Ukraine), Romá (Crimean Peninsula). Muslim.
[ron] Widespead. L1 users: 2,590,000 (2009 UNSD). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2013, Constitutional Court, Jts. 8b and 41b). Alternate Names: Moldovan, Română, Roumanian, Rumanian. Dialects: Muntenian (Muntean, Walachian), Banat, Bayash, Chrishana, Maramuresh, Oltenia-Lesser Wallachia (Oltean). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern. Comments: Christian.
Romanian Sign Language
Russian Sign Language