Chinese, Min Nan
[mzs] 50 (Bradley 2007a). Ethnic population: 5,000 (Bradley 2007b). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Macaense, Macao Creole Portuguese, Makista, Patuá. Classification: Creole, Portuguese based. Comments: A creole that blends Portuguese [por] with Cantonese [yue] and Malay, plus traces of Hindi [hin], Japanese [jpn] and the languages of other stops on Portuguese trade routes during the past few centuries.
Macao Sign Language
[hks] Widespread. 200 (Sze et al 2016), decreasing. At least 200 users out of approximately 1200 Deaf and hard of hearing (Sze et al 2016). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Macau Sign Language, MacauSL. Dialects: None known. Closely related to Hong Kong Sign Language according to preliminary lexical comparison (Sze et al 2016). Classification: Sign language. Comments: Non-indigenous. Being replaced by sign languages from China and influence from Western sign languages (Sze et al 2016).
[por] 6,240 (2014). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial working language in Macao (1999, Basic Law, Article 9). Alternate Names: Português. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Portuguese-Galician. Comments: Non-indigenous.