Macao

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Chinese, Mandarin
[cmn] Population: 362,800 in China–Macao, all users. L1 users: 34,800 in China–Macao (2016 census). L2 users: 328,000 (2016 census). Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Statutory provincial language in Macao Special Administrative Region (1999, Basic Law, Article 9). Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese.

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Chinese, Yue
[yue] Widespread. Population: 507,000 in China–Macao (2016 census). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial working language in Macao (1999, Basic Law, Article 9). Alternate Names: Macau Cantonese. Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese.

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Macanese
[mzs] Scattered. Population: 50 in China–Macao (Bradley 2007a). Ethnic population: 5,000 (Bradley 2007b). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Macaense, Macao Creole Portuguese, Makista, Patuá. Classification: Creole, Portuguese based.

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Macao Sign Language
[hks] Widespread. Population: 200 in China–Macao (Sze et al 2016), decreasing. At least 200 users out of approximately 1200 Deaf and hard of hearing (Sze et al 2016). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Macau Sign Language, MacauSL. Dialects: None known. Closely related to Hong Kong Sign Language according to preliminary lexical comparison (Sze et al 2016). Classification: Sign language.

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Portuguese
[por] Scattered. Population: 18,680 in China–Macao, all users. L1 users: 3,680 in China–Macao (2017 UNSD). L2 users: 15,000 (2016 census). Ethnic population: 11,700 (2016 census). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial working language in Macao (1999, Basic Law, Article 9). Alternate Names: Português. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Portuguese-Galician.

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