[cmn] 27,100 in China–Macao (2012 UNSD). Status: 1 (National). Statutory provincial language in Macao Special Administrative Region (1999, Article 9, Basic Law). Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese. Comments: Non-indigenous.
Chinese, Min Nan
[nan] 18,900 in China–Macao (2001 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese. Comments: Non-indigenous.
[yue] 449,000 in China–Macao (2012 UNSD). Status: 2 (Provincial). De facto provincial language in Macao. Alternate Names: Macau Cantonese. Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese.
[mzs] 50 in China–Macao (Bradley 2007a). Ethnic population: 5,000 (Bradley 2007b). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Macaense, Macao Creole Portuguese, Makista, Patuá. Classification: Creole, Portuguese based. Comments: A creole that blends Portuguese [por] with Cantonese [yue] and Malay, plus traces of Hindi [hin], Japanese [jpn] and the languages of other stops on Portuguese trade routes during the past few centuries.
Macao Sign Language
[hks] Widespread. 200 in China–Macao (Sze et al 2016), decreasing. At least 200 users out of approximately 1200 Deaf and hard of hearing (Sze et al 2016). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Macau Sign Language, MacauSL. Classification: Sign language. Comments: Non-indigenous. Being replaced by sign languages from China and influence from Western sign languages (Sze et al 2016).
[por] 4,020 in China–Macao (2012 UNSD). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial working language in Macao (1999, Basic Law, Article 9). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Portuguese-Galician. Comments: Non-indigenous.