Northern Mariana Islands

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Carolinian
[cal] Widespread. Population: 2,420 (2000 census). No monolinguals. Status: 4 (Educational). Statutory language of national identity (1978, Constitution, Article 22(3)), co-official with English [eng] and Chamorro [cha]. Alternate Names: Saipan Carolinian, Southern Carolinian, “Gupallao” (pej.). Autonym: Refalúwasch. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 95% with Satawalese [stw], 88% with Woleaian [woe] and Puluwatese [puw], 81% with Mortlockese [mrl], 78% with Chuukese [chk], and 74% with Ulithian [uli]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Pohnpeic-Chuukic, Chuukic.

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Chamorro
[cha] Widespread. Population: 14,200 in Northern Mariana Islands (2005 UNSD). Very few monolinguals. Status: 3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of national identity (1978, Constitution, Article 22(3)), dominant indigenous language; co-official with English [eng] and Carolinian [cal]. Alternate Names: Chamorru, Tjamoro. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Chamorro.

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English
[eng] Widespread. Population: 53,820 in Northern Mariana Islands, all users. L1 users: 6,820 in Northern Mariana Islands (2005 UNSD). L2 users: 47,000 (Crystal 2003a). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1978, Constitution, Article 22(3)), co-official with Chamorro [cha], Carolinian [cal]. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English.

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Tanapag
[tpv] Northern Mariana Islands, Saipan, west central coast, Tanapag community. Population: 10 (2011 SIL), decreasing. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Northern Carolinian, Talaabog, Talaabwogh. Dialects: None known. Mutually intelligible of Saipan Carolinian [cal] and Namonuito [nmt] in Micronesia. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Pohnpeic-Chuukic, Chuukic.

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