Northern Mariana Islands

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Carolinian
[cal] Saipan and Agrihan islands. Also in United States. 2,420 in Northern Mariana Islands (2000 census). No monolinguals. Population total all countries: 2,610. Status: 4 (Educational). Statutory language of national identity (1978, Constitution, Article 22(3)), co-official with English [eng] and Chamorro [cha]. Alternate Names: “Gupallao” (pej.), Saipan Carolinian, Southern Carolinian Dialects: Lexical similarity: 95% with Carolinian and Satawalese [stw], 88% with Woleaian [woe] and Puluwatese [puw], 81% with Mortlockese [mrl], 78% with Chuukese [chk], and 74% with Ulithian [uli]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic Comments: 1 of 3 official languages in Northern mariana Islands (with English [eng] and Chamorro [cha]). Ethnic autonym: Refalúwasch, people of our islands. Christian.

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Chamorro
[cha] Saipan, Rota, Tinian. 14,200 in Northern Mariana Islands (2000 census). Very few monolinguals. Status: 3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of national identity (1978, Constitution, Article 22(3)), dominant indigenous language; co-official with English [eng] and Carolinian [cal]. Alternate Names: Tjamoro Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Chamorro Comments: Christian.

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English
[eng] Saipan, Tinian, Rota. 6,820 in Northern Mariana Islands (2000 census). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1978, Constitution, Article 22(3)), co-official with Chamorro [cha], Carolinian [cal]. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English

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Tanapag
[tpv] West central coast of Saipan, Tanapag community. 10 (2011 SIL), decreasing. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Northern Carolinian, Talaabwogh Dialects: Similar to Namonuito [nmt] of Micronesia. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic Comments: Very few L1 speakers.

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