[eng] 376,200 in Malta, all users. L1 users: 16,200 (European Commission 2012). L2 users: 360,000 (European Commission 2012). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national working language (1964, Constitution, Article 5(2)). Alternate Names: Ingliż. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English. Comments: Non-indigenous.
[mlt] L1 users: 393,000 (European Commission 2012). Total users in all countries: 474,310. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1964, Constitution, Article 5(2)). Autonym: Malti. Dialects: Standard Maltese, Port Maltese, Rural West Maltese, Rural East Maltese, Rural Central Maltese, Zurrieq, Gozo. Descended from Moroccan Spoken Arabic [ary] with heavy borrowings from Italian [ita]; separately developed with different syntax and phonology. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.
Maltese Sign Language
[mdl] Scattered. L1 users: 200 (2014 Malta Deaf People Association). 200 signers out of 1,000 deaf and hard-of-hearing (2014 Malta Deaf People Association). 2,000 (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: LSM, Lingwa tas-Sinjali Maltija, Lingwi tas-Sinjali Maltin. Dialects: None known. Language isolate, but influence from British Sign Language [bfi] (Azzopardi-Alexander 2009). Fingerspelling system similar to French Sign Language [fsl]. Classification: Sign language. Comments: 7 working sign language interpreters (2014 EUD). Taught as an L2. Christian.