Netherlands

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Achterhoeks
[act] Gelderland province. Population: 211,000 (Herweijer and Jans 2009). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Aachterhoeks, Achterhoek. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon.

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Drents
[drt] Drenthe province: near German border; Overijssel province: Steenwijkerland municipality. Population: 255,000 (Herweijer and Jans 2009). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Drente, Drenthe. Dialects: North Drente (Noord-Drents), South Drente (Zuid-Drents). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon.

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Dutch
[nld] Population: 16,000,000 in Netherlands (European Commission 2012). Total users in all countries: 23,069,480. Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Autonym: Hollands, Nederlands. Dialects: Northern North Hollandish (Westfries). Belgian variety of Dutch (not Vlaams [vls]) only slightly different from that of the Netherlands. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Franconian.

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English
[eng] Widespread. Population: 15,376,500 in Netherlands, all users. L1 users: 76,500 in Netherlands (2016). L2 users: 15,300,000 (European Commission 2012). Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Engels. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English.

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Frisian
[fry] Friesland province; Groningen province: De Marne municipality. Population: 843,000 in Netherlands (2014), decreasing. Total users in all countries: 845,100. Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Friesland Province (1996, Ratification Act, ECRML, No. 136). Alternate Names: Fries, Westlauwers Fries. Autonym: Frysk. Dialects: Súdhoeksk, Wâldfrysk, Klaaifrysk. Linguistically between Dutch [nld] and English [eng]. Lexical similarity: 71% with Standard German [deu], 61% with English [eng], 74% with East Frisian Low Saxon [frs]. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Frisian.

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Gronings
[gos] Drenthe and Groningen provinces: Bellingwedde, Delfzijl, and Oldambt municipalties. Population: 262,000 (Herweijer and Jans 2009). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Groningen, Grunnings. Autonym: Grunnegs, Grönnegs. Dialects: West Groningen (West Gronings), Groningen-East Frisian (Gronings-Oostfries), Veenkoloniaals (Veen Colony), Westerwolds (Westerwold). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon.

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Limburgish
[lim] Limburg province: Heerlen, Maastricht, Roermond, Venlo. Population: 700,000 in Netherlands (2001). Total users in all countries: 1,300,000. Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Limburg Province (1996, Ratification Act, ECRML, No. 136), effective 1997. Alternate Names: Limberger, Limburgan, Limburgian, Limburgic, Limburgs, Limburgs Plat. Autonym: Lèmburgs. Dialects: A Rhenisch-Maas group of dialects, often combined with Cleves dialects (Kleverländisch) as Rheinmaasländisch. Limburgish straddles the border between, Low Franconian and Middle Franconian varieties. More-or-less mutually intelligible with Ripuarian dialects, but show fewer, High German shifts (2001 R. Hahn). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Franconian.

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Romani, Sinte
[rmo] Scattered. Population: 1,300 in Netherlands (2010 J. Leclerc). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Romanes, Sinte, Sinti. Dialects: Manouche. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Northern.

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Sallands
[sdz] Overijssels province: Sallands. Population: 347,000 (Herweijer and Jans 2009). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Sallan, Salland. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon.

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Sign Language of the Netherlands
[dse] Scattered. Population: 20,500 in Netherlands, all users. L1 users: 15,000 in Netherlands (2019 EUD). Population estimates vary widely, in part because they count different things: 15,000 Deaf sign language users (2019 EUD). 10,000–13,000 deaf or severely hard of hearing (Dovenschap brochure). 16,000 sign language users, deaf and hearing (Crasborn 2001). 45,000 deaf, 495,000 hard of hearing (2005 National Hearing Foundation). 86,500 deaf (2014 IMB). L2 users: 5,500 (1997 Commissie Nederlandse Gebarentaal). Total users in all countries: 20,500 (as L1: 15,000; as L2: 5,500). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Dutch Sign Language, NGT, Nederlandse Gebarentaal, SLN. Dialects: Groningen, Amsterdam, The Hague, Rotterdam, Brabant, Standard. In addition to the standardized variety, five dialects developed around the original five deaf schools (Stoop 2014), and there is a seventh associated with the unique home for deaf elderly people. Classification: Sign language.

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Stellingwerfs
[stl] Friesland province: Stellingwerven region, Oosterwolde and Wolvega centers. Population: 5,000 (2016 J. Feenstra), decreasing. Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Stellingwerf. Autonym: Stellingwarfs. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon.

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Twents
[twd] Overijssels province. Population: 334,000 (Herweijer and Jans 2009). Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Twente. Autonym: Twents. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon.

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Veluws
[vel] Gelderland province. Population: 175,000 (Herweijer and Jans 2009). Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Veluwe. Dialects: East Veluws, North Veluws. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon.

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Vlaams
[vls] Zeeland province. Population: 132,000 in Netherlands (2016). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Vlaemsch, West Vlaams. Dialects: West Vlaams, Frans Vlaams (Vlaemsch). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Franconian.

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Zeeuws
[zea] South Holland and Zeeland provinces. Rhine-Scheldt Delta islands have their own dialects. Population: 220000 Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Zeaws, Zeelandic. Autonym: Zeêuws. Dialects: Goerees, Flakkees, Schouws, Duvelands, Fluplands, Bevelands, Walchers, Axels, Kezands. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Franconian.

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