Norway

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English
[eng] Widespread. Population: 4,344,800 in Norway, all users. L1 users: 24,800 in Norway (2017 census). Based on immigrant population. L2 users: 4,320,000 (2012). Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Engelsk. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English.

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Finnish, Kven
[fkv] Finnmark and Troms counties: Kveeniland, Ruija; Tromso; Cities: Alta, Borselv, Bygoynes, Kvaenangsbotn, Neiden, Nordreisa, Oteren, Skibotn, Storslett, and Vadso. Population: 1,500 (Laakso et al 2013). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Kven, North Finnish. Dialects: Considered Old Finnish, speakers of Tornedalen [fit] and Kven recognize the differences between the two. Standard Finnish [fin] speakers generally understand, except some vocabulary. Reportedly more similar to Tornedalen Finnish than to standard Finnish. Various dialects: northwest coast varieties differ from east. Kven integrates Norwegian [nor] loans, whereas Tornedalen has integrated Swedish [swe] loans. Classification: Uralic, Finnic.

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Norwegian
[nor] Population: 5,190,000 in Norway (2017). Total users in all countries: 5,318,710. Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Autonym: Norsk. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, North, East Scandinavian, Danish-Swedish, Danish-Bokmal.

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Norwegian Sign Language
[nsl] Scattered. Population: 2,500 (2014 EUD). 4,000 (Van Cleve 1986). 5,000 (2010 Norwegian Association of the Deaf). 2,500 sign language users (2014 EUD). 22,000 deaf (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: NTS, Norsk Tegnspråk. Dialects: Holmestrand, Oslo, Trondheim. Dialects associated with 3 schools: Holmestrand, Oslo, Trondheim. Intelligible with Danish [dsl] and Swedish [swl] sign languages with only moderate difficulty. Not intelligible with Finnish Sign Language [fse]. Classification: Sign language.

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Norwegian, Traveller
[rmg] Sør-Trøndelag county: south of Trondheim. Population: 100 (Carling et al. 2014). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Norwegian Traveller, Rodi, Scandoromani. Dialects: None known. Based on Norwegian [nor] with heavy lexical borrowing from Northern Romani varieties and German Rotwelsch [rmd]. Not intelligible with Angloromani [rme]. Classification: Mixed language, Norwegian-Romani.

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Romani, Vlax
[rmy] Oslo county. Population: 500 in Norway (Johnstone 1993). Ethnic population: 3,500. Status: 5* (Developing). Alternate Names: Rom. Dialects: Lovari (Norwegian Lovari). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Vlax.

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Saami, Lule
[smj] Nordland county: Folden, Hamaroy, and Tysfjord. Population: 500 in Norway (Krauss 1992). 1,000–2,000 speakers in Norway and Sweden (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 1,000 (1995 M. Krauss). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Julevusámegiella, Lule, Saame. Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Northern.

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Saami, North
[sme] Finnmark, Troms counties; Nordland county: Ofoten. Population: 20,000 in Norway (Laakso et al 2013). Ethnic population: 30,000 (1995 M. Krauss). Total users in all countries: 25,700. Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Sami Administrative District (1987, Sami Act, No. 12, Article 3). Alternate Names: North Sámi, Northern Saami, Saami, Same, Samic, “Lapp” (pej.), “Northern Lappish” (pej.), “Norwegian Lapp” (pej.). Autonym: Sámegiella. Dialects: Ruija, Torne, Sea Lappish. Two-thirds of all Saami speak Ruija dialect. Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Northern.

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Saami, Pite
[sje] Nordland county: between Saltenfjord and Ranenfjord. Population: Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Pite, “Lapp” (pej.). Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Northern.

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Saami, South
[sma] Hedmark county: near Femunden and Rostvolden; Nord-Trøndelag county: southwest of Linneset. Population: 300 in Norway (Krauss 1992). Ethnic population: 600. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Saami, Same, Samic, Åarjelsaemiengïele, “Northern Lappish” (pej.), “Norwegian Lapp” (pej.). Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Southern.

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Saami, Ume
[sju] Nordland county: Rana municipality. Population: No known L1 speakers in Norway (Salminen 2007). Status: 9 (Dormant). Classification: Uralic, Sami, Southern.

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