French Polynesia

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Austral
[aut] Austral Islands. Population: 5,000, all users. L1 users: 3,000 (2007 census). L2 users: 2,000. Ethnic population: 6,720 (2017 census). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Reo Tuhaa Pae, Tubuai-Rurutu. Dialects: Raivavae, Rimatara, Rurutu, Tubuai. Mutually intelligible with Tahitian [tah]. Currently Raivavae, Rurutu, Tubuai and Rimatara dialects considered as dialects of Tahitian. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Tahitic.

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Chinese, Hakka
[hak] Windward Islands. Population: 1,100 in French Polynesia, all users. L1 users: 100 in French Polynesia (2015 census). L2 users: 1,000 (2015). Status: 7 (Shifting). Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese.

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French
[fra] Population: 278,000 in French Polynesia, all users. L1 users: 178,000 in French Polynesia (2007 census). L2 users: 100,000 (2015). 35,000 monolinguals. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2004, Organic Law, No. 2004-192, Article 57). Alternate Names: Français. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French.

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Mangareva
[mrv] Tuamotu and Gambier Islands: Mangareva island, Rikitea town. Population: 600 (2011 census). Ethnic population: 1,590 (2017 census). Status: 7 (Shifting). Recognized language (2004, Organic Law, No. 2004-192, Article 57). Alternate Names: Mangarevan. Autonym: Reo Magareva. Dialects: None known. 65% average comprehension of Tahitian [tah]. Lexical similarity: 75% with Rarotongan [rar], 73% with Marquesan [mrq], 72% with Tuamotuan [pmt], 50%–68% with Tahitian [tah]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Marquesic.

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Marquesan, North
[mrq] Marquesas Islands: Eiao, Hatutu, Matu One, Motuiti, Nuku Hiva, Ua Huka, and Ua Pou islands. Population: 5,390 (2007 census). Ethnic population: 6,100 (2017 census). Status: 7 (Shifting). Statutory language of national identity (2004, Organic Law, No. 2004-192, Article 57). Autonym: ’Eo ’Enana. Dialects: Hatutu, Nuku Hiva, Ua Huka, Ua Pou. Wurm and Hattori (1981) list North Marquesan and South Marquesan [mqm] as 2 languages. North Marquesan dialects all inherently intelligible. 50% intelligibility of Tahitian [tah]. Lexical similarity: 45%–67% with Tahitian [tah], 73% with Mangareva [mrv] and Rarotonga [rar], 70% with Hawaiian [haw], 29% with Tuamotuan [pmt]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Marquesic.

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Marquesan, South
[mqm] Marquesas Islands: Fatu Hiva, Fatu Huka, Hiva Oa, Mohotani, and Tahuta islands. Population: 2,700 (2007 census). Ethnic population: 3,700 (2017 census). Status: 7 (Shifting). Statutory language of national identity (2004, Organic Law, No. 2004-192, Article 57). Autonym: ’Eo ’Enata. Dialects: Hiva Oa, Tahuata, Fatu Hiva. Dialects listed are inherently intelligible. Wurm and Hattori (1981) list North Marquesan [mrq] and South Marquesan as 2 languages. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Marquesic.

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Rapa
[ray] Austral Islands: Rapa (Rapa Iti) island, ’Area, Ha’urei villages. Population: 300 (2007 census). Ethnic population: 515 (2012 census). Populations for Rapa island; many more on other islands, especially Tahiti. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Rapan. Autonym: Reo Rapa. Dialects: May be a dialect of Austral [aut]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central.

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Tahitian
[tah] Leeward Islands and Windward Islands; some islands in Tuamotu and Gambier Islands including the Mihiroa group. Population: 63,000 in French Polynesia (2007 census). Total users in all countries: 68,000. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2004, Organic Law, No. 2004-192, Article 57). Autonym: Reo Tahiti. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 85% with Rarotongan [rar], 76% with Hawaiian [haw]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Tahitic.

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Tuamotuan
[pmt] Windward Islands: Tahiti; Tuamotu and Gambier Islands: Tuamotu. Population: 4,000 (2007 census). Ethnic population: 16,000 (2017 census). Status: 6b (Threatened). Statutory language of national identity (2004, Organic Law, No. 2004-192, Article 57). Alternate Names: Paumotu. Autonym: Pa’umotu. Dialects: Vahitu, Tapuhoe, Napuka, Reao, Fangatau (Tupitimoake), Parata (Putahi), Marangai. Lexical similarity: 83% with Rarotongan [rar], 77% with Hawaiian [haw]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Tahitic.

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