Arabic, Gulf Spoken
[afb] Widespread. 471,000 in Qatar (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language, absent from formal education. Alternate Names: ’Arabi, Gulf Arabic, Khaliji, Qatari. Dialects: North Qatari Arabic, South Qatari Arabic. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.
[arb] Widespread. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2003, Constitution, Article 1). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous.
[pes] Scattered throughout Qatar; most are from the nearest Iran provinces of Hormozgan and Fars, especially Larestan county in the latter. 170,000 in Qatar (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Persian, Western Farsi. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.