Arabic, Gulf Spoken
[afb] Widespread. 471,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language, absent from formal education. Alternate Names: Gulf Arabic, Qatari. Dialects: North Qatari Arabic, South Qatari Arabic. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.
[pes] Scattered throughout Qatar; most are from the nearest Iran provinces of Hormozgan and Fars, especially Larestan county in the latter. 170,000 (2014 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Persian, Western Farsi. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.