Saudi Arabia

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Arabic
[ara] Population total all languages: 313,177,600 Status: Comments: Includes: Algerian Saharan Spoken Arabic [aao] (Algeria), Algerian Spoken Arabic [arq] (Algeria), Babalia Creole Arabic [bbz] (Chad), Baharna Spoken Arabic [abv] (Bahrain), Chadian Spoken Arabic [shu] (Chad), Cypriot Spoken Arabic [acy] (Cyprus), Dhofari Spoken Arabic [adf] (Oman), Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Spoken Arabic [avl] (Egypt), Egyptian Spoken Arabic [arz] (Egypt), Gulf Spoken Arabic [afb] (Kuwait), Hadrami Spoken Arabic [ayh] (Yemen), Hijazi Spoken Arabic [acw], Libyan Spoken Arabic [ayl] (Libya), Mesopotamian Spoken Arabic [acm] (Iraq), Moroccan Spoken Arabic [ary] (Morocco), Najdi Spoken Arabic [ars], North Levantine Spoken Arabic [apc] (Syria), North Mesopotamian Spoken Arabic [ayp] (Iraq), Omani Spoken Arabic [acx] (Oman), Sa’idi Spoken Arabic [aec] (Egypt), Sanaani Spoken Arabic [ayn] (Yemen), Shihhi Spoken Arabic [ssh] (United Arab Emirates), South Levantine Spoken Arabic [ajp] (Jordan), Standard Arabic [arb], Sudanese Creole Arabic [pga] (South Sudan), Sudanese Spoken Arabic [apd] (Sudan), Ta’izzi-Adeni Spoken Arabic [acq] (Yemen), Tajiki Spoken Arabic [abh] (Tajikistan), Tunisian Spoken Arabic [aeb] (Tunisia), Uzbeki Spoken Arabic [auz] (Uzbekistan).

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Arabic, Gulf Spoken
[afb] Eastern Province and Najran region: southeast Kuwait border inland, east to Persian Gulf north of Al Damman; south, Yeman and Oman borders. 500,000 (2011 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Gulf Spoken. Dialects: Al-Hasaa. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Hijazi Spoken
[acw] ‘Asir, Bahah, Jizan, Madinah, Makkah, and Tabuk provinces; entire Red Sea coast and inland. 14,100,000 (2011 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 14,483,300. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Hejazi Arabic, West Arabian Colloquial Arabic. Dialects: North Hijazi, South Hijazi, Valley Tihaamah, Coastal Tihaamah. North Hijazi has 4 subvarieties, South Hijazi has 16. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Arabic, Najdi Spoken
[ars] Widespread, especially interior areas; includes Al Hudud ash Shamaliyah, Al Jawf, Al Qasim, and Ha’il provinces; Al Madinah al Munawwarah province: Ta’if area and east; Ash Sharqiyah province north; Ar Riyad province: all but southeast; ’Asir and Najran provinces: south and west; Jizan province: small border area; Tabuk province: northeast. 843,000 (2011 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 4,049,900. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Najdi. Autonym: اللهجة النجدية‎ (alllahjat alnnajdia). Dialects: North Najdi (Bani Khaalid, Dafiir, Shammari), Central Najdi (’Ajmaan, Al-Qasiim, ’Awaazim, Biishah, Haayil, Hofuf, Mutair, Najraan, Rashaayda, Riyadh, Rwala, Sudair, ’Utaiba, Wild ’Ali), South Anjdi (Aal Murrah, Najran). Some dialects spoken by Bedouins. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Muslim.

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Arabic, Standard
[arb] Widespread. 24,900,000 in Saudi Arabia (2014 SIL), all users. Total users in all countries: 273,989,700. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Basic Law, Article 1). Alternate Names: Al-’Arabiyya, Literary Arabic. Autonym: العربية‎ (al-ʻArabīyah). Dialects: Modern Standard Arabic (Modern Literary Arabic), Classical Arabic (Koranic Arabic, Quranic Arabic). Preserves the ancient grammar. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Modern Standard Arabic is modernized Classical Arabic.

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Jibbali
[shv] Scattered. 34,000 (2011 J. Leclerc). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Shehri. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Mehri
[gdq] Eastern Province, Najran, and Riyadh regions. 20,000 (2012 Al Arabiya). Status: 6b (Threatened). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Saudi Arabian Sign Language
[sdl] Scattered. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Dialects: None known. Not the same as Unified Arabic Sign Language, an artificial system promoted by representatives of 18 Arabic-speaking countries (Rashdan 2016). Classification: Sign language.

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