Solomon Islands

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Äiwoo
[nfl] Temotu province: Santa Cruz Islands, primarily the Reef islands: Fenualoa, Lomlom, Nibanga Nede, and Nibanga Temaa. Many villages scattered along Honiara and Santa Cruz north coast. 8,400 (1999 SIL), increasing. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Aïwo, Ayiwo, Gnivo, Lomlom, Naaude, Nifilole, Nivo, Reef Islands, Reefs. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Temotu, Reefs-Santa Cruz. Comments: Christian.

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Amba
[utp] Temotu province: Utupua island, Aveta, Matembo, and Nembao villages. 590 (1999 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Aba, Nembao, Utupua. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Temotu, Utupua-Vanikoro, Utupua.

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Anuta
[aud] Temotu province: Anuta island. 270 (1999 SIL). Status: 8a (Moribund). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Futunic.

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’Are’are
[alu] Malaita province: central Malaita island, 2 areas; western tip, Guadalcanal island. Some in Honiara. 17,900 (1999 SIL), increasing. Few monolinguals. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Areare. Dialects: ’Are’are, Marau (Marau Sound). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Southern.

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Arosi
[aia] Makira province: northwest Makira island. 6,750 (1999 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Dialects: Wango, Arosi. Many dialects. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, San Cristobal.

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Asumboa
[aua] Temotu province: Utupua island, Asumbuo village. 10 (1999 SIL). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Asumbua, Asumuo. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Temotu, Utupua-Vanikoro, Utupua.

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Babatana
[baa] Choiseul province: east Choiseul island. 7,070 (1999 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: East Choiseul, Mbambatana, Sisiqa. Dialects: Babatana, Sengan (Senga, Sengga, Sisingga), Kuboro (Kumboro), Katazi, Lömaumbi, Avasö. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Choiseul.

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Baeggu
[bvd] Malaita province: north Malaita island. 5,900 (1999 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Baegu, Mbaenggu. Dialects: None known. Baelelea [bvc] and Baeggu almost equal intelligibility of To’abaita [mlu] and Lau [llu]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern.

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Baelelea
[bvc] Malaita province: north Malaita island. 8,800 (1999 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Mbaelelea. Dialects: None known. Baelelea and Baeggu [bvd] almost equal intelligibility of To’abaita [mlu] and Lau [llu]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern.

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Bilua
[blb] Western province: Vella Lavella island. 8,740 (1999 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Mbilua, Vella Lavella. Classification: Central Solomons.

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Birao
[brr] Guadalcanal province: east Guadalcanal island. 5,900 (1999 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Mbirao. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Guadalcanal.

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Blablanga
[blp] Isabel province: Santa Isabel island, Maringe district, Hovukoilo and Popoheo villages; Ghove to Biluro on Hograno coast. 1,770 (1999 SIL). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Blanga, Gema, Goi. Dialects: Slight dialect differences. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, Central.

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Bughotu
[bgt] Isabel province: Santa Isabel island, southeast end from Suma to Horara; Furona island off Kia district northwest coast. 4,050 (1999 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bugota, Bugoto, Bugotu, Mahaga, Mbughotu. Dialects: Hageulu, Vulava. Reportedly similar to Gela [nlg] and Gao [gga]. Related to vernaculars on Guadalcanal. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Bughotu.

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Cheke Holo
[mrn] Isabel province: central Santa Isabel island, on Maringe side, Gnulahaghe village southeast to Kuma’ihaui; Kia district, Hograno coast villages; Gao-Bughotu region, scattered villages. 10,800 (1999 SIL), increasing. No monolinguals. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: A’ara, Holo, Kubonitu. Dialects: Maringe (Maringhe), Hograno (Hogirano). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, East. Comments: Christian.

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Dori’o
[dor] Malaita province: west central Malaita island. 2,410 (1999 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kwarekwareo. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 71% with ’Are’are [alu]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Southern.

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Dororo
[drr] Western province. No known L1 speakers (Wurm 2007). Extinct for several decades (Wurm 2007). Status: 10 (Extinct). Alternate Names: Doriri. Dialects: May have been a Kazukuru [kzk] dialect. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West.

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Duke
[nke] Western province: Kolombangara island. 2,310 (1999 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kolombangara, Ndughore, Nduke. Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Lungga [lga] and Roviana [rug]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West. Comments: Christian.

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Engdewu
[ngr] Temotu province: Santa Cruz island. 3 villages. 210 (1999 SIL). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Nagu, Nanggu, Nangu. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Temotu, Reefs-Santa Cruz.

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English
[eng] 10,000 in Solomon Islands (Crystal 2003a). L2 users: 165,000 in Solomon Islands (Crystal 2003a). Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Fagani
[faf] Makira province: northwest Makira island. 900 (1999 SIL). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Faghani. Dialects: Fagani, Rihu’a, Agufi. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, San Cristobal. Comments: Separate from Arosi [aia] (Tryon 1982).

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Fataleka
[far] Malaita province: Malaita island. 6,700 (1999 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Dialects: Dialect of To’abaita [mlu] (Wurm and Hattori 1981). Intelligibility of Baeggu variety of To’abaita reportedly high, but of To’abaita much less. Lexical similarity: 82% with Kwara’ae [kwf], 76% with Lau [llu]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern.

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Gao
[gga] Isabel province: central Isabel island, Tausese southeast to Floakora point, primarily in Poro. 1,220 (1999 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Nggao. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, East.

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Gela
[nlg] Central province: Gela and Florida islands, Guadalcanal (immigrants), Savo island. 11,900 (1999 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Florida Islands, Nggela. Dialects: Sandfly, Central Gela, Gela Pile. Reportedly similar to Lengo [lgr] in north Guadalcanal. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Gela. Comments: Christian.

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Ghanongga
[ghn] Western province: north Ranonga island. 2,510 (1999 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ganongga, Kubokota, Kumbokota. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West.

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Ghari
[gri] Guadalcanal province: Guadalcanal, west, northwest, and north central coast. 12,100 (1999 SIL). 7,110 Ghari, 950 Gae, 3,020 Ndi, 490 Nginia, 550 Tandai-Nggaria. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Gari, Sughu, Tangarare, West Guadalcanal. Dialects: Gae (Nggae, Qae), Geri (Nggeri), Ndi (Vaturanga), Nginia, Tandai-Nggaria (Tanaghai), Ghari. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Guadalcanal.

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Gula’alaa
[gmb] Malaita province: Kwai, east Kwara’ae, and Ngongosila islands. 1,570 (1999 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kwai, Ngongosila. Dialects: None known. May be intelligible of Lau [llu] or Kwara’ae [kwf]. Lexical similarity: 85% with Lau [llu] and Kwara’ae [kwf]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern.

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Guliguli
[gli] Western province. No known L1 speakers (Wurm 2007). Extinct for decades (Wurm 2007). Status: 10 (Extinct). Alternate Names: Gulili. Dialects: Possibly was a Kazukuru dialect. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West.

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Hoava
[hoa] Western province: New Georgia island, North Marovo lagoon. 460 (1999 SIL). Status: 6b (Threatened). Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Kusaghe [ksg]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West.

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Kahua
[agw] Makira province: south Makira island. 5,170 (1999 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Anganiwai, Anganiwei, Narihua, Wanoni. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, San Cristobal.

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Kazukuru
[kzk] Western province. No known L1 speakers. Status: 10 (Extinct). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West.

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Kiribati
[gil] Choiseul province: Rob Roy island; Western province: Gizo island, 1 area; Honiara, Guadalcanal. 4,870 in Solomon Islands (1999 SIL). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Gilbertese, Ikiribati. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ikiribati. Comments: Non-indigenous. Relocated 1950s by the British from Kiribati. Christian.

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Kokota
[kkk] Isabel province: Santa Isabel, northeast coast, Ghoveo and Sisiga villages; Hurepelo southeast coast. 530 (1999 SIL). Status: 6b (Threatened). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, Central.

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Kusaghe
[ksg] Western province: north New Georgia island. 2,400 (1999 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kusage, Kushage. Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Roviana [rug]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West.

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Kwaio
[kwd] Malaita province: central Malaita island. 13,200 (1999 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Koio. Dialects: None known. Reportedly more similar to Kwara’ae [kwf] than to ’Are’are [alu]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern. Comments: Traditional religion.

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Kwara’ae
[kwf] Malaita province: central Malaita island. 32,400 (1999 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Fiu. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern.

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Laghu
[lgb] Isabel province: Santa Isabel, Kia district, Baolo and Samasodu villages. 3 (Wurm 2007). In 1981, 5 speakers were reported (Wurm 2007). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Katova, Lagu. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, West.

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Lau
[llu] Malaita province: northeast Malaita island. 16,900 (1999 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Dialects: Suafa, Lau, Dai (Ndai). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern.

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Lavukaleve
[lvk] Central province: Russell islands. 1,780 (1999 SIL), decreasing. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Laube, Laumbe, Russell Island. Classification: Central Solomons.

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Lengo
[lgr] North and east central Guadalcanal. 13,800 (1999 SIL). 13,600 Lengo and 160 Ghaimuta. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Doku, Ruavatu, Tadhimboko. Dialects: Aola, Paripao, Ghaimuta (Ghua), Lengo. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Gela.

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Longgu
[lgu] Guadalcanal east coast. 1,890 (1999 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Logu. Dialects: None known. Brought over long ago by settlers from Malaita; probably not intelligible with other Malaita languages. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Longgu.

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Lovono
[vnk] Temotu province: Vanikolo island, Lale and Lavaka villages. 4 (2012 A. François). Old people remember a few words (Wurm 2007). Ethnic population: 120 (Wurm 2007). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Alavana, Alavano, Lavana, Vanikolo, Vanikoro, Vano. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Temotu, Utupua-Vanikoro.

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Lungga
[lga] Western province: south Ranonga island. 2,770 (1999 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Luga, Luqa. Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Duke [nke] (Nduke). Ghanongga [ghn] and Simbo [sbb] related but separate. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West.

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Malango
[mln] Guadalcanal province: central Guadalcanal Island. 4,140 (1999 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Teha. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Guadalcanal.

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Marovo
[mvo] Western province: south New Georgia island, Marovo lagoon, Nggatokae, and Vangunu islands. 8,090 (1999 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, East.

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Mono
[mte] Western province: Treasury island, Mono; Shortland islands, Alo and Alu, Fauro island. 2,940 (1999 SIL). 660 Mono, 2,270 Alu, 14 Fauro. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Alu, Mono-Alu. Dialects: Mono, Alu (Alo), Fauro. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Mono-Uruava.

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Nalögo
[nlz] Temotu province: south Santa Cruz island, Bibö, Nea, and Nooli villages. 1,620 (2007 census), increasing. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Nalrgo, Nea, Southern Santa Cruz. Dialects: End of a dialect chain not mutually intelligible of its sister language Natügu [ntu] at the other end. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Temotu, Reefs-Santa Cruz.

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Natügu
[ntu] Temotu province: west Santa Cruz island, Graciosa Bay; some on north coast. 4,280 (2007 census), increasing. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Nambakaengö, Natqgu, Northern Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz. Dialects: Ndeni (Deni), Londai, Malo, Bënwë, Nea, Nooli. Speakers of most dialects understand Malo and Bënwë. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Temotu, Reefs-Santa Cruz.

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Ontong Java
[ojv] Malaita province: Luangiua atoll, Lord Howe island; 210 km from Santa Isabel island. 2,370 (1999 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Leuangiua, Lord Howe, Luangiua, Luaniua. Dialects: Luangiua, Pelau. Reportedly similar to Sikaiana [sky], Takuu [nho], and Nukumanu [nuq] in Papua New Guinea. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Ellicean.

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Oroha
[ora] Malaita province: Malaita island, near southern tip. 38 (1999 SIL). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Mara Ma-Siki, Oraha. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Southern.

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Owa
[stn] Makira province: San Cristobal; Santa Anna and Santa Catalina islands. 8,410 (1999 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Anganiwai, Anganiwei, Narihua, Santa Anna, Wanoni. Dialects: Tawarafa (Star Harbour), Santa Anna (Owa Raha), Santa Catalina (Owa Riki). Part of dialect chain that includes Kahua [agw]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, San Cristobal.

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Pijin
[pis] 24,400 (1999 SIL). L2 users: 307,000 (1999 SIL). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Alternate Names: Neo-Solomonic, Solomons Pidgin. Dialects: None known. Basic vocabulary reportedly more similar to standard English [eng] than Tok Pisin [tpi] of Papua New Guinea is. Grammar shows Melanesian features. Historically related to Tok Pisin and Bislama [bis] of Vanuatu. Intelligibility of Bislama [bis] quite high. Classification: Creole, English based, Pacific.

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Rennell-Bellona
[mnv] Rennell and Bellona province: Rennell and Bellona islands. 4,390 (1999 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Rennell, Rennellese, Rennellese-Bellonese. Dialects: Munggava (Mugaba, Rennell), Mungiki (Bellona, Bellonese, Mugiki). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Futunic.

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Rennellese Sign Language
[rsi] Rennell and Bellona province: Rennell island. No known L1 users (2002 N. Daams). Status: 10 (Extinct). Classification: Sign language. Comments: Rennellese Sign Language was developed by Kagobai, a deaf person born about 1915, for communication with hearing people (Kuschel 1974). Kagobai died in 2000 (2012 N. Daams), and there never was a self-replicating community of signers. This was very likely a home sign system, not a full language.

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Ririo
[rri] Choiseul province: central Choiseul island, north third of northeast coast. 18 (Wurm 2007). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Babatana [baa]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Choiseul.

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Roviana
[rug] Western province: north central New Georgia, Roviana and Vonavona lagoons. 9,870 (1999 SIL). L2 users: 16,000 (1987 UBS). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Being supplanted as lingua franca by Pijin [pis] in Western Province; now used as L2 in Western Province and as far north as Buka and Bougainville, Papua New Guinea, mainly by those over 30 years old. Alternate Names: Robiana, Rubiana, Ruviana. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West.

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Sa’a
[apb] Makira province: Ulawa and Three Sisters islands; Malaita province: southern Malaita island. 11,500 (1999 SIL). 7,300 Sa’a, 3,300 Ulawa, and 920 Uki Ni Masi. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Apae’aa, Saa, South Malaita. Dialects: Ulawa, Uki Ni Masi (Ugi). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Southern. Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

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Savosavo
[svs] Central province: Savo island. 2,420 (1999 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Savo, Savo Island. Classification: Central Solomons.

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Sikaiana
[sky] Malaita province: Sikaiana atoll. 730 (1999 SIL). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Sikayana. Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Luangiua [ojv] (Ontong Java). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Ellicean.

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Simbo
[sbb] Western province: Simbo island. 2,700 (1999 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Madeggusu, Mandeghughusu, Sibo. Dialects: None known. Distinct from Lungga [lga] and Ghanongga [ghn]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West.

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Tairaha
[bxa] Makira province: central Makira (San Cristobal) island. 4,980 (1999 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bauro, Bwauro. Dialects: Haununu (Hauhunu), Bauro, Rawo (Ravo). Deep linguistic division between Tairaha and Arosi [aia]. The Mamaregho variety reportedly is the bush variety. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, San Cristobal.

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Talise
[tlr] Guadalcanal province: Guadalcanal, southeast to southwest coast. 12,500 (1999 SIL). 5,940 in Talise, 2,090 in Moli, 4,490 in Koo. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Talisi, Tolo. Dialects: Talise, Tolo, Moli, Poleo, Koo (Inakona), Malagheti. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Guadalcanal.

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Tanema
[tnx] Temotu province: Vanikolo island, Emua village. 1 (2012 A. François). Ethnic population: 150 (Wurm 2007). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Tetau, Tetawo. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Temotu, Utupua-Vanikoro.

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Tanibili
[tbe] Temotu province: Utupua island, Tanibili village. 15 (1999 SIL). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Nyisunggu. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Temotu, Utupua-Vanikoro, Utupua.

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Teanu
[tkw] Temotu province: Vanikolo island, Emua, Lale, Lavaka, and Puma villages. 800 (2012 A. François). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Buma, Puma. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Temotu, Utupua-Vanikoro. Comments: Previously 3 tribal districts corresponded to 3 languages: Tanema [tnx] south, Lovono [vnk] northwest, Teanu [tnx] northeast. Tanema population now dispersed on the island for more than a century and blended with Melanesian population, while most of south coast settled by Polynesians.

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Tikopia
[tkp] Makira province: Makira island; Temotu province: Tikopia island, settlements on Nendo and Vanikoro islands. 1,800 (2012 A. François). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Fakatikopia. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Futunic.

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To’abaita
[mlu] Malaita province: north Malaita island. 12,600 (1999 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Malu, Malu’u, To’ambaita, Toqabaqita. Dialects: None known. Baelelea [bvc] and Baeggu [bvd] about equally intelligible of To’abaita and Lau [llu]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern.

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Touo
[tqu] Western province: south Rendova island. 1,870 (1999 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Baniata, Lokuru, Mbaniata. Classification: Central Solomons.

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Ughele
[uge] Western province: north Rendova island. 1,200 (1999 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ugele. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West.

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Vaeakau-Taumako
[piv] Temotu province: widespread on Duff and Reef islands, including on Matema, Nifiloli, Nukapu, Nupani, Pileni, and Taumako. 1,660 (1999 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Pileni, Pilheni. Dialects: Matema, Taumako (Duff), Nupani, Nukapu, Pileni, Aua. Pileni and Taumako differ in significant ways. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Futunic.

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Vaghua
[tva] Choiseul province: Choiseul island, Tavula. 1,960 (1999 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Tavola, Tavula, Vagua. Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Varisi [vrs]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Choiseul.

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Vangunu
[mpr] Western province: north Vangunu island, Bareke; southwest Vangunu island, Vangunu. 910 (1999 SIL). 400 Bareke, 510 Vangunu. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Dialects: Bareke (Mbareke), Vangunu. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, East.

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Varisi
[vrs] Choiseul province: northeast Choiseul island. 5,160 (1999 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Varese. Dialects: Ghone, Varisi. Reportedly similar to Vaghua [tva]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Choiseul.

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Wala
[lgl] Malaita province: west central Malaita island. 6,980 (1999 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Langalanga. Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 56% with Kwaio [kwd]; 66% with Kwara’ae [kwf]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern.

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Zabana
[kji] Isabel province: Santa Isabel island, Samasodu southwest to Kia village, northeast to Baolo village. 3,360 (2003 SIL). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Kia. Dialects: None known. Borrowings from Roviana [rug]. Reportedly most similar to Cheke Holo [mrn]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, West.

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Zazao
[jaj] Isabel province: central Isabel island, Hograno coast, Kilokaka village. 10 (1999 SIL). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Jajao, Kilokaka. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, Central.

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