Official Name
Syrian Arab Republic
Population Full

22,846,000 (2013 World Bank)

Principal Languages
North Levantine Spoken Arabic, Standard Arabic
Literacy Rate
77% (2010 UNESCO)
Immigrant Languages
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic (5,000), Chechen, Egyptian Spoken Arabic (75,000), Iranian Persian (53,000), South Levantine Spoken Arabic, Turkmen (126,000)
Deaf Population
General References
Fischer and Jastrow 1980; Ingham 1982; Sebeok 1963
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Syria is 17. Of these, 16 are living and 1 is extinct. Of the living languages, 2 are institutional, 4 are developing, 4 are vigorous, 5 are in trouble, and 1 is dying.
See full country report.