Tajikistan

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Arabic, Tajiki Spoken
[abh] Khatlon province: Vakhsh valley, mainly small villages; Kuliab and Leninabad cities. Population: 1,000 in Tajikistan (2003 J. Leclerc). Total users in all countries: 17,000. Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Arabi, Bukhara Arabic, Buxara Arabic, Central Asian, Jugari, Tajiki Arabic. Dialects: A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.

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Ishkashimi
[isk] Kuhistoni Badakhshon region: Ryn and Sumjin villages, near Ishkashim. Population: 500 in Tajikistan (1990 A. Kibrik). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ishkashim. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Southeastern, Pamir.

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Kyrgyz
[kir] Kuhistoni Badakhshon region and Regions of Republican Subordination. Population: 60,100 in Tajikistan (2012 UNSD). Ethnic population: 60,700 (2010 census). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Classification: Turkic, Western, Aralo-Caspian.

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Parya
[paq] Regions of Republican Subordination: Hissar valley. Population: 3,000 in Tajikistan (2008). Total users in all countries: 4,000. Status: 6a* (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Afghana-Yi Nasfurush, Afghana-Yi Siyarui, Changgars, Laghmani, Pbharya. Dialects: May be Marwari [rwr] dialect, related to Punjabi [pan], or Laghman dialect of Southeast Pashai [psi] of Afghanistan. Subgroups: Kalu, Jitain, Juni, Maggar, Bisiyan, Mussali, Shuiya. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Unclassified.

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Pashto, Southern
[pbt] Khatlon region. Population: Status: 5* (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Southeastern, Pashto.

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Persian, Iranian
[pes] Khatlon region: various economic development sites; Dushanbe. Population: 50,000 in Tajikistan (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Persian, Western Farsi. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian.

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Russian
[rus] Widespread. Population: 40,600 in Tajikistan (2012 UNSD). Ethnic population: 34,800 (2010 census). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language, no longer language of record in higher levels of government. Alternate Names: Rusija. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East.

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Shughni
[sgh] Kuhistoni Badakhshon region: Pamir mountains. Population: 40,000 in Tajikistan (1975 SIL). 20,000 Shugan, 1,500–2,000 Oroshor, 15,000 Rushan. Ethnic population: 73,800 (1990 A. Kibrik). Includes 50,000 Shugni, 2,000 Oroshor, 18,000 Rushan, 800 Khufi, 3,000 Bartang. Total users in all countries: 80,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Shugnan-Rushan. Autonym: Khugnone. Dialects: Rushani (Oroshani, Roshani, Rushan), Bartangi (Bartang), Oroshor (Roshorvi), Khufi (Chuf, Khuf), Shughni (Khugni, Shighni, Shugan, Shugnan). Khufi and Bartangi dialects may be separate languages. Oroshani may be separate from Rushani. Not intelligible of Sarikoli [srh] (called, Tajiki, in China). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Southeastern, Pamir, Shugni-Yazgulami.

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Tajik
[tgk] Widespread. Population: 6,380,000 in Tajikistan (2012 UNSD). Ethnic population: 6,370,000 (2010 census). Total users in all countries: 7,987,320. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1994, Constitution, Article 2). Alternate Names: Tadzhik, Tajiki, Tajiki Persian, “Galcha” (pej.). Autonym: тоҷикӣ‎ (Tojiki). Dialects: 4 groups of small dialects; no distinct boundaries. Dialect blending into Dari Persian [prs] in Afghanistan. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian.

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Uzbek, Northern
[uzn] Khatlon and Sughd regions; Regions of Republican Subordination. Population: 927,000 in Tajikistan (2012 UNSD). Ethnic population: 926,000 (2010 census). Status: 5* (Dispersed). Alternate Names: oʻzbek, oʻzbek tili, oʻzbekcha. Classification: Turkic, Eastern.

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Wakhi
[wbl] Kuhistoni Badakhshon region: Pamir mountains. Population: 15,000 in Tajikistan (2012 M. Merritt). Ethnic population: 20,000 (1990 A. Kibrik). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Guhjali, Khik, Khikwar, Vakhan, Wakhani, Wakhigi. Dialects: Western Wakhi, Central Wakhi, Eastern Wakhi. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Southeastern, Pamir.

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Yagnobi
[yai] Sughd region: Zafarabad; north of Dushanbe; Yagnob river (the homeland), high mountain valley. Population: 12,000 (2004 SIL). Status: 6b* (Threatened). Alternate Names: Soghdi, Yaghnabi, Yaghnobi, Yaghnubi, Yagnabi, Yagnob, Yagnubi. Dialects: Western Yagnobi, Eastern Yagnobi. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Northeastern.

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Yazgulyam
[yah] Kuhistoni Badakhshon province: Andarbag, Budun, Motravn, Shavud, Ubaghn, Vishkharv, Zaich, and Zhamag in Yazgulyam river valley; Dushanbe and Kuybishev areas. Population: 9,000 (2010). Ethnic population: 13,000. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Iazgulem, Yazghulomi, Yazgulam, Yazgulami, Yazgulyami. Autonym: Yuzdomi zavég. Dialects: Upper Yazgulyam, Lower Yazgulyam. Little dialect difference. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Southeastern, Pamir, Shugni-Yazgulami.

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