[bgn] Mary Province, 2 enclaves, one northeast of capital, the uother upstream from Mary city on the Murgap river. 28,000 in Turkmenistan (1993). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Baloci, Baluchi, Baluci. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Balochi. Comments: Non-indigenous. Distinct from Eastern [bgp] and Southern Balochi [bcc]. Muslim.
[chg] Ahal Province, just northwest of Ashgabat. No known L1 speakers. Status: 10 (Extinct). Alternate Names: Chaghatay, Jagatai. Classification: Turkic, Eastern.
[kor] Southern areas, after deportation from far East by Russia. 1,000 in Turkmenistan (2012 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Koreanic. Comments: Non-indigenous.
[kmr] Ahal Province, mainly in Ashkhabat area. 20,000 in Turkmenistan (Bakaev 1962). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Khorasani, Khorasani Kurmanji, Kurmancî, Kurmanji. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Kurdish. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.
[tuk] Widespread. 3,430,000 in Turkmenistan (1995). Ethnic population: 3,470,000 (1995). Total users in all countries: 6,678,190. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Constitution, Article 13). Alternate Names: Trukhmen, Trukhmeny, Turkmani, Turkmanian, Turkmenler, Turkomans. Dialects: Nokhurli, Anauli, Khasarli, Nerezim, Yomud, Teke (Tekke), Goklen, Salyr, Saryq, Esari, Cawdur. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkmenian. Comments: Turkmen in Syria, and possibly Iraq and Jordan, actually speak an ancient form of Turkmen; so-called Turkmen in Tibet may speak a different Turkic language. Muslim.