Tonga

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[eng] Population: 31,270 in Tonga, all users. L1 users: 1,270 in Tonga (2015 World Factbook). L2 users: 30,000 (Crystal 2003a). Status: 1 (National). De facto national working language, considered co-official with Tongan [ton]. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English.

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Niuafo’ou
[num] ’Eua and Tongatapu divisions; Ongo Niua division: Niuafo’ou island. Population: 1,000, all users. L1 users: 500 (2015 S. Tuilautala). L2 users: 500 (2015 S. Tuilautala). Ethnic population: 1,500 (2011 census). 523 on Niuafo’ou (2010), many elsewhere. Status: 6b (Threatened). Autonym: Niuafo’ou. Dialects: Probably a dialect of East Uvean [wls] (Wallisian). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, East Uvean-Niuafo’ou.

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Tongan
[ton] Population: 104,000 in Tonga (2015). Total users in all countries: 187,710. Status: 1 (National). De facto national language, considered co-official with English [eng]. Alternate Names: Tonga. Autonym: Faka Tonga. Dialects: Reportedly similar to Niue [niu]. Slight dialect differences north to south. Lexical similarity: 86% with Wallisian [wls], 66% with Samoan [smo]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Tongic.

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