United States

Print
Official Name
United States of America
Population
308,746,000
Principal Languages
English
Literacy Rate
99% (2003 World Factbook)
Immigrant Languages
Adamawa Fulfulde (22,500), Adyghe (3,000), Afrikaans (18,900), Amharic (146,000), Arabic (3,000,000), Armenian (221,000), Assamese (1,220), Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (80,000), Basque (1,600), Belarusan (1,360), Belize Kriol English (40,000), Bengali (190,000), Bukharic (50,000), Bulgarian (57,000), Burmese (35,300), Carolinian (190), Catalan (1,920), Cebuano (10,000), Central Khmer (182,000), Chaldean Neo-Aramaic (80,000), Chuukese (5,430), Copala Triqui (5,000), Croatian (57,600), Czech (55,400), Danish (29,700), Dutch (132,000), Eastern Cham (890), Eastern Panjabi (208,000), Eastern Yiddish (163,000), Efik (5,260), El Nayar Cora, Evenki (330), Faroese (150), Fijian (3,700), Finnish (25,800), Frisian (920), Garifuna (65,000), Gheg Albanian (62,600), Greek (340,000), Gujarati (302,000), Haitian (453,000), Hakka Chinese (1,090), Halh Mongolian (8,430), Hebrew (217,000), Hindi (531,000), Hmong Daw (185,000), Hmong Njua (100,000), Hungarian (94,100), Icelandic (5,170), Ilocano (76,900), Inakeanon (23,600), Indonesian (60,700), Iranian Persian (359,000), Irish (22,300), Italian (807,000), Iu Mien (17,400), Japanese (457,000), Javanese (440), Kabardian (3,500), Kabuverdianu (400,000), Kannada (35,900), Karachay-Balkar (700), Kashmiri (830), Kazakh (1,000), Kiribati (170), Korean (1,048,000), Kosraean (1,060), Krio (6,900), Kyrgyz (130), Ladino (130), Lahu Shi (1,200), Lao (148,000), Lithuanian (42,300), Lower Sorbian (190), Luxembourgish (710), Macedonian (22,100), Malay (12,400), Malayalam (112,000), Mandarin Chinese (381,000), Maori (660), Mapudungun (210), Marathi (54,200), Marshallese (10,700), Min Dong Chinese (2,670), Min Nan Chinese (76,100), Nepali (34,100), North Marquesan (610), Northern Kurdish (13,000), Northern Pashto (15,800), Norwegian (41,200), Nubi (130), Nukuoro (140), Oriya (4,790), Palauan (4,150), Pampangan (5,430), Papiamentu (800), Parsi (75,000), Pingelapese (500), Plateau Malagasy (940), Pohnpeian (2,350), Polish (632,000), Portuguese (678,000), Rarotongan (120), Romanian (147,000), Romany (1,000,000), Russian (846,000), Samoan (57,400), San Juan Guelavía Zapotec (500), Scottish Gaelic (1,450), Senaya (400), Serbian (63,800), Shelta (50,000), Sherpa (500), Sindhi (6,910), Sinhala (22,300), Slovak (32,200), Slovene (7,030), Soninke (5,000), South Azerbaijani (1,280), Southwestern Caribbean Creole English (19,900), Standard Estonian (5,940), Standard German (1,120,000), Standard Latvian (16,100), Swahili (72,400), Swedish (56,700), Sylheti, Tai Dam (3,000), Tajiki (150), Tamil (131,000), Tatar (7,000), Telugu (171,000), Thai (140,000), Tibetan (9,760), Tokelauan (290), Tongan (26,300), Tosk Albanian (62,600), Turkish (107,000), Turkmen (220), Turoyo (5,000), Ukrainian (143,000), Upper Guinea Crioulo (156,000), Upper Sorbian (190), Urdu (335,000), Uyghur (3,190), Vietnamese (1,204,000), Vlaams (2,000), Welsh (2,450), Western Highland Purepecha (45,000), Western Cham (890), Wu Chinese (2,480), Xiang Chinese (290), Yapese (800), Yucatec Maya (25,000), Yue Chinese (437,000), Zoogocho Zapotec (400)
Deaf Population
nearly 2,000,000 (1988)
Deaf Institutions
Many
General References
Bright 1992; Campbell 1997; Chafe 1962, 1965; Golla 2007
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for United States is 227. Of these, 215 are living and 12 are extinct. Of the living languages, 4 are institutional, 7 are developing, 2 are vigorous, 61 are in trouble, and 141 are dying.