Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPrint
American Sign Language
[ase] Dispersed among general population. 100 in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2008 J. Parks). Status: 5 (Developing). Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: Christian.
[eng] 400 in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2004). Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English Comments: When Creole languages exist alongside their lexifier language, as in St. Vincent and the Grenadines, a continuum forms of variations between the Creole and the lexifier language. It is therefore difficult to substantiate the number of Creole speakers and English speakers.
Vincentian Creole English
[svc] Widespread in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. 138,000 (Holm 1989). Status: 6a (Vigorous). De facto language of national identity. Alternate Names: Vincy Twang Dialects: None known. Most similar to Guyana and Tobago. Exists in a continuum with standard English [eng], with speech in the capital of Kingstown most similar to standard English (the acrolect) and Island Carib descendents who live north of the Dry River being least similar to standard English. Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Eastern, Southern Comments: There is a continuum of variation from basilectal Creole to acrolectal English of the educated. Possible French influence, though former French creole is virtually gone. The only folk language (Holm 1989:457).