Yemen

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Arabic, Gulf Spoken
[afb] Widespread. 10,000 in Yemen. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic

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Arabic, Hadrami Spoken
[ayh] Hadramawt and Shabwah governorates. 300,000 in Yemen (1995). Population total all countries: 410,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Hadrami, Hadromi Dialects: A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Distinct from Ta’izzi-Adeni Spoken Arabic [acq] and Sanaani Spoken Arabic [ayn]. Muslim.

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Arabic, Judeo-Yemeni
[jye] Mainly urban communities in ‘Adan, Al Bayda’, Sanaa and Shabwah governorates; Habban dialect in Shabwah. 1,000 in Yemen (1995 H. Mutzafi). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Judeo-Yemeni, Yemenite Judeo-Arabic Dialects: ’Aden, Be:da, Habban, San’a. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Jewish.

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Arabic, Sanaani Spoken
[ayn] Widespread. 7,600,000 (1996). Status: 6a (Vigorous). De facto language of provincial identity in North Yemen. Alternate Names: Northern Yemeni Arabic Dialects: A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Distinct from Hadrami [ayh] and Ta’izzi-Adeni Arabic [acq]. Muslim (Zaydi).

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Arabic, Standard
[arb] Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1991, Constitution, Article 2). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic

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Arabic, Ta’izzi-Adeni Spoken
[acq] Widespread. 6,760,000 in Yemen (1996). Population total all countries: 7,078,500. Status: 6a (Vigorous). De facto language of provincial identity in South Yemen. Alternate Names: Southern Yemeni Spoken Arabic Dialects: Adeni, Ta’izzi. Ta’izzi dialect best accepted in Yemen. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Different from Hadrami [ayh] and Sanaani Arabic [ayn]. Muslim (Zaydi).

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Bathari
[bhm] Al Mahrah Governorate. Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Bathara, Bautahari, Botahari Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian Comments: Muslim.

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Hobyót
[hoh] Near Oman border, Al Mahrah Governorate. Status: 8a (Moribund). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian

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Mehri
[gdq] Al Mahrah Governorate. 50,000 in Yemen (2011). Population total all countries: 115,200. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Mahri Dialects: Eastern Mehri (Mehriyot), Western Mehri (Mehriyet). Within main dialects there are also differences between Bedouin and city varieties. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian Comments: Spoken by the Mahra. Many ethnic Mehri in Yemen are Arabic L1 speakers. Muslim.

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Soqotri
[sqt] Hadramawt Governorate, mainly Soqotra island, ’Abd al-Kuri island, Samha island in the Gulf of Aden. 57,000 in Yemen (1990 census). Population total all countries: 71,400. Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Saqatri, Socotri, Sokotri, Suqutri Dialects: ’Abd Al-Kuri, Central Soqotri, Northern Soqotri, Southern Soqotri, Western Soqotri. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian Comments: North Soqotri includes North Central and Northwest Central (highland) Soqotri. Mostly monolingual in Soqotri. Muslim.

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