Yemen

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Arabic, Gulf Spoken
[afb] 10,000 in Yemen. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic

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Arabic, Hadrami Spoken
[ayh] Hadramaut. Also in Eritrea, Kenya. 300,000 in Yemen (1995). Population total all countries: 410,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Hadrami, Hadromi Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Distinct from Ta’izzi-Adeni Spoken Arabic [acq] and Sanaani Spoken Arabic [ayn]. Muslim.

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Arabic, Judeo-Yemeni
[jye] 1,000 in Yemen (1995 H. Mutzafi). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Judeo-Yemeni, Yemenite Judeo-Arabic Dialects: ’Aden, Be:da, Habban, San’a. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Jewish.

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Arabic, Sanaani Spoken
[ayn] Extends as far south as Dhamar. 7,600,000 (1996). Status: 6a (Vigorous). De facto language of provincial identity in North Yemen. Alternate Names: Northern Yemeni Arabic Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Distinct from Hadrami [ayh] and Ta’izzi-Adeni Arabic [acq]. Muslim (Zaydi).

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Arabic, Standard
[arb] Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1991, Constitution, Article 2). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic

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Arabic, Ta’izzi-Adeni Spoken
[acq] All provinces except the 2 east and the northeast ones. Probably a few in United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia. Also in Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Kenya, Libya, Somalia, United Kingdom. 6,760,000 in Yemen (1996). Population total all countries: 7,078,500. Status: 6a (Vigorous). De facto language of provincial identity in South Yemen. Alternate Names: Southern Yemeni Spoken Arabic Dialects: Adeni, Ta’izzi. Ta’izzi dialect best accepted in Yemen. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Different from Hadrami [ayh] and Sanaani Arabic [ayn]. Muslim (Zaydi).

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Bathari
[bhm] Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Bathara, Bautahari, Botahari Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian Comments: Muslim.

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Mehri
[gdq] Mahrah Governorate. Also in Kuwait, Oman. 50,000 in Yemen (2011). Population total all countries: 115,200. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Mahri Dialects: Eastern Mehri (Mehriyot), Western Mehri (Mehriyet). Within main dialects there are also differences between Bedouin and city varieties. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian Comments: Spoken by the Mahra. Many ethnic Mehri in Yemen are Arabic L1 speakers. Muslim.

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Soqotri
[sqt] Mainly Soqotra island; ’Abd al-Kuri island, Samha island in the Gulf of Aden. Also in United Arab Emirates. 57,000 in Yemen (1990 census). Population total all countries: 64,000. Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Saqatri, Socotri, Sokotri, Suqutri Dialects: ’Abd Al-Kuri, Central Soqotri, Northern Soqotri, Southern Soqotri, Western Soqotri. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian Comments: North Soqotri includes North Central and Northwest Central (highland) Soqotri. Mostly monolingual in Soqotri. Muslim.

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